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Accession 89021 - Palmer David Skaar Papers, 1964-1982

Creator: Skaar, Palmer David

Provenance Note: The papers pertaining to Palmer David Skaar were transferred to the University Archives in 2001.

Historical Note: Palmer David (P.D.) Skaar was born in Mishawaka, Indiana on March 14, 1923.  Skaar received his Ph. D. from Indiana University in 1952.  He performed his post-doctoral research at the University of Wisconsin and served on the staff of the Long Island Biological Station in Cold Spring Harbor, New York.  In 1952, Skaar joined the faculty of Montana State College.  While at Montana State University, Skaar founded and directed the Genetics Institute.  His publications include Montana Bird Distribution (six editions published from 1975-2003), Birds of the Bozeman Latilong (1969), and had many publications in the field of microbial genetics.  Skaar coined the word "latilong" and pioneered the "latilong" concept in distributional studies.  He died March 30, 1983.

Content Description Note: The Palmer David Skaar Papers consist of manuscript materials, research materials, photographs and transparencies, and file cards.  Arrangement of the collection reflects the creator's organization.  Of interest are the manuscript materials pertaining to Birds of the Bozeman Latilong.  Topics include information on latilong, animal and bird sightings, species, locations, and data.

Contents

Series 1 Birds of the Bozeman Latilong research and manuscript drafts
Series 2 General Research papers
Series 3 Photographs and Transparencies
Series 4 File Cards

Series 1: Birds of the Bozeman Latilong

Data pertaining to Birds of the Bozeman Latilong; materials include records, bibliography summaries, drafts, as well as a copy of the manuscript.

Box 1
1. Records relating to manuscript
2. Records relating to manuscript
3. Records relating to manuscript
4. Records relating to manuscript
5. Records relating to manuscript
6. Bibliography
7. Draft
8. Species summaries c. loon-rb merganser
9. Species summaries: eastern kingbird-tree sparrow
10. Species summaries: turkey vulture-three toed woodpecker
11. "Birds of the Bozeman Latilong" typescript
12. "Birds of the Bozeman Latilong" manuscripts

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: General Research papers

The research materials consist of correspondence, distribution and yearly lists, files on various avian species and latilong, journals, and articles.

Box 2
1. Montana bird distribution
2. Bird finding correspondence
3. Miscellaneous correspondence
4. Miscellaneous correspondence
5. Miscellaneous correspondence
6. Miscellaneous correspondence
7. Miscellaneous correspondence
8. Miscellaneous records and correspondence
9. Miscellaneous records and correspondence
10. Miscellaneous records and correspondence
11. Miscellaneous records and correspondence
Box 3
1. Big Day
2. National latilong correspondence
3. Birds in Indiana
4. Nature conservancy
5. Committee yearly lists
6. Committee yearly lists
7. Meetings
8. Rogers, Tom
9. Tilley, Fred
10. Serr, Esther
11. Moos, Louis
12. Metcalf, Homer
13. Hoffman, Robert
14. Davis, Clifford
15. Anderson, Kathleen
16. Eng, Bob
17. Hall, Platt
18. Johnson, Richard
19. Wright, Philip
Box 4
1. Wright, Philip
2. Hays, Raymond
3. Carlson, Charles
4. Carlson, Charles
5. Harper, Ed
6. Floyd, Randy
7. Wolf, Carl
8. Weydemeyer, Winton
9. Weydemeyer, Winton
10. Tucker, Jim
Box 5
1. Informants
2. Species sighting compilation
3. Species sighting compilation
4. Species sighting compilation
5. Species sighting compilation
6. Species sighting compilation
7. Species sighting compilation
8. Details in PDS records
9. Great Gray Owl
10. Barred Owl
11. Barred Owl
12. Barred Owl
13. Barred Owl
14. Spotted Owl
15. Hawk Owl
16. Flammulated Owl
17. Boreal Owl
Box 6
1. Garganey
2. Laughing Gull
3. Forster's Tern
4. Kittiwake, BL
5. Purple Sandpiper
6. Red Phalarope
7. Mew Gull
8. Curlew Sandpiper
9. Thayer's Gull
10. Great Black Backed Gull
11. Greater Prairie Chicken
12. Osprey
13. Field Sparrow
14. LeConte's Sparrow
15. Summer Tanager
16. Grasshopper Sparrow
17. Orchard Oriole
18. Brambling
19. Rosy Finches
20. Black Throated Green Warbler
21. Surf Scoter
22. Peregrine Falcon
23. Whooping Crane
24. Scarlet Tanager
25. Little Blue Heron
26. White Pelican
27. Cattle Egret
28. Passenger Pigeon
29. Bald Eagle
30. Mountain Plover
31. Rock Wren
32. Magnolia Warbler
33. Chestnut Sided Warbler
34. Sage Sparrow
35. Palm Warbler
36. Kentucky Warbler
37. Ring Billed Gull
38. Ring Necked Pheasant
39. Northern Oriole
40. Bell's Vireo
41. White Eyed Vireo
42. Blue Jay
43. Great Blue Heron
44. Short Billed Marsh Wren
45. Bobwhite
46. Pileated Woodpecker
47. Ruffed Grouse
48. Common Gallinule
49. Ash Throated Fly Catcher
50. Wood Thrush
51. Red Bellied Woodpecker
Box 7
1. Bewick's Swan
2. Gray Partridge
3. European Widgeon
4. Ancient Murrelet
5. Least Tern
6. Turkey
7. Long Tailed Jaeger
8. California Gull
9. Sharp Tailed Grouse
10. Willow Ptarmigan
11. White Winged Dove
12. Great Crested Flycatcher
13. Black Turnstone
14. White Tailed Ptarmigan
15. American Woodcock
16. Arctic Tern
17. Black Scoter
18. Pine Grossbeak/Rough Leg Hawk
19. Moon Data
20. Owl Counts
21. Wilson & Cooper Ornithological Societies Paper & Meetings
22. The Bird Watch
23. Western Birds
24. Bird Tours
25. Guam
26. Year Lists
27. Polar Consid-Latilong Conc.
28. Life List
29. Animals of Montana
30. Latilong size
Box 8
1. Mammals of the Bozeman Latilong
2. Mammals etc
3. Bird Journal
4. Headwaters
5. Montana Bird Distribution final copy
6. Montana Bird Lists Recent
7. Mute Swan
8. Libby
9. Kalispell
10. Browning
11. Cut Bank
12. Shelby
13. Chester
14. Havre
15. Harlem
Box 9
1. Malta
2. Glasgow
3. Wolf Point
4. Thompson Falls
5. Polson
6. Seeley Lake
7. Choteau
8. Great Falls
9. Fort Benton
10. Lewistown
11. Winnett
12. Sand Springs
13. Jordan
14. Circle
Box 10
1. Glendive
2. Missoula
3. Philipsburg
4. White Sulphur Springs
5. Harlowton
6. Roundup
7. Hysham
8. Forsythe
9. Miles City
10. Baker
11. Wisdom
12. Dillon
13. Bozeman
14. Livingston
15. Columbus
16. Billings
17. Hardin
18. Lame Deer
Box 11
1. Broadus
2. Ekalaka
3. Lima
4. West Yellostone
5. Geographic Sightings by Latilong Journal
6. Geographic Sightings by Latilong Journal
Box 12
1. Geographic Sightings by Latilong Journal
2. Breeding Bird Survey Summaries
3. Willow Creek Breeding Bird Summary
4. Twin Bridges Breeding Bird Summary
5. New Information
6. Montana Bird Lists
7. New Detail-Rare birds
8. Early Montana
9. Bird Counts
10. Card Transcripts
11. Bozeman Latilong Record Dates
12. State List Work
Box 13
1. Bozeman Latilong Journal
2. New Bozeman Latilong Data
3. Chronological Additions to Bozeman Latilong List
4. Random Month Accumulation of Species
5. Transcripts of Bozeman Latilong Records (PDS)
6. Bird Research
7. Bird Research
8. Spring Arrival Bozeman Latilong
9. Seasonal Summaries
10. Other State Data
11. Original Lists-State Trips
12. Additions to State Lists
Box 14
1. Summer Abundance Calculations
2. Breeding Data-State
3. Spring Arrivals-1976
4. L38-Quad-8-Bozeman
5. L38-Quad-7-Anceney
6. Quadrangle Data
7. L38-Quad-16-Crown Butte
8. L38-Quad-15-Sphinx Mountain
9. L38-Quad-14-Cameron
10. L38-Quad-13-Varney
11. L38-Quad-11-Spanish Peaks
12. L38-Quad-12-Garnet Mountain
13. L38-Quad-1-Jefferson Island
14. L38-Quad-9-Virginia City
15. L38-Quad-10-Ennis
16. Madison County
17. L38-Quad-6-Norris
18. L38-Quad-5-Harrison
19. L38-Quad-4-Belgrade
20. L38-Quad-3-Manhattan
21. L38-Quad-2-Three Forks
22. Bird Journal
23. Sound Analysis
24. Bird Notes
25. Bird sighting graphs
26. Bird sighting graphs

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Photographs and Transparencies, circa 1964-1982

This series is comprised of photographs and transparencies that pertain mainly to birds. Also represented in this collection are personal photographs and images of animals. The images in this series are grouped according to format, category, and year. Skaar identified many of the images, these notations are reflected in the image titles.

Box 15
Folder 1. Bird, #1-7
    #1-2 Albino Red Tail
    #3 Bonaparte's Gull
    #4-5 Douglas S. Laye
    #6 Long-Tailed Jaeger
    #7 White-Faced

Folder 2. Bird, #8-44
    #8-44 Unidentified Bird

Folder 3. Bird, #45-50
    #45-50 Unidentified Birds

Folder 4. Animal, #51
    #51 Porcupine

Transparencies, circa 1964-1982

Folder 5. Personal 1964, #52
    #52 Nyasaland, Zomba Mt.

Folder 6. Personal 1965, #53-54
    #53-54 Scenic

Folder 7. Personal 1970, #55-61
    #55 Taxon, Stu.
    #56 City Hall, Nairobi
    #57 Ocean, Mindanao, R.P.
    #58 Sunset, Philippines
    #59 Sunset, Cotabato, R.P.
    #60 Passion Flower
    #61 Varigated Century Plant, Cotabato, R.P.

Folder 8. Personal 1971, #62-70
    #62-67 Canada
    #68 Cascades
    #69 S. Peaks
    #70 Scenic

Folder 9. Personal 1980, #71-73
    #71 Linda & Andy, McGregor L.
    #72 McGregor L.
    #73 Airplane

Folder 10. Personal 1981, #74-78
    #74 Powder R.
    #75-76 Sacajawea
    #77 Tamarisk
    #78 Scenic

Folder 11. Personal 1982, #79-113
    #79-80 Carmel, Indiana
    #81 Carmel, Indiana. M. Roeder, L. DeSmit etc., L. Skaar, L. Moffitt, D. Moffitt, D. Skaar
    #82 J. Vincent, P. Vincent, T. Wessel, B. Donbar, M. Wessel
    #83 Indianapolis. Carroll, Richard, & Friend
    #84 Unidentified Individual
    #85-96 Unidentified Individuals
    #97-100 House
    #101-113 Gravestones

Folder 12. Birds 1972, #114
    #114 Indigo Bunting

Folder 13. Birds 1973, #115-121
    #115-117 Hudsonian Godwit
    #118 Black-Chinned Hummingbird
    #119-121 Merlin

Folder 14. Birds 1974, #122-124
    #122 Orchard Oriole
    #123-124 Piping Plover

Folder 15. Birds 1975, #125-135
    #125 Eastern Bluebird
    #126 Purple Finch
    #127-128 Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher
    #129-130 Broad-Winged Hawk
    #131 Anne Humming B.
    #132 Grey-Headed Junco
    #133 Mockingbird
    #134 Snowy Plover
    #135 Solitary Sandpiper

Folder 16. Birds 1976, #136-140
    #136 Cassin Finch & Gray Crowned Rosy Finch
    #137-138 Buff-Breasted Sandpiper
    #139-140 Chestnut-Sided Warbler

Folder 17. Birds 1977, #141-150
    #141 Killdeer Dunlin
    #142 Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher
    #143-144 Great Black-Backed Gull
    #145 Orchard Oriole
    #146 Black-Necked Stilt
    #147 Caspian Tern
    #148-149 Whimbrel
    #150 Pileated Woodpecker

Folder 18. Birds 1978, #151-155
    #151 Gray-Headed Junco
    #152 Black-Legged Kittiwake
    #153 White Winged Scoter
    #154 Bay-Breasted Warbler
    #155 Unidentifed

Folder 19. Birds 1979, #156-161
    #156 Whooping Crane
    #157 Hawk
    #158 Black-Legged Kittawake
    #159 Flooded Loon
    #160 Screech Owl
    #161 Kentucky Warbler

Folder 20. Birds 1980, #162-221
    #162-166 American Avocet
    #167-168 Brewer's Blackbird
    #169-172 Mountain Bluebird
    #173-176 Gray Catbird
    #177 Black-Capped Chickadee
    #178 Mountain Chickadee
    #179-181 Sandhill Crane
    #182 Brown Creeper
    #183-184 Red Crossbill
    #185-188 White-Winged Crossbill
    #189-190 Common Crow
    #191 Brown-Headed Cowbird
    #192 Mourning Dove
    #193-199 Long-Billed Dowitcher
    #200 Ruddy Duck
    #201-204 Golden Eagle
    #205-213 Cattle Egret
    #214 Prairie Falcon
    #215 Marbled Godwit
    #216 Eared Grebe
    #217 Pied-Billed Grebe
    #218 Red-Necked Grebe
    #219 Western Grebe
    #220 -221 Evening Grossbeak

Folder 21. Birds 1980, #222-281
    #222-223 Evening Grosbeak
    #224-225 Sage Grouse
    #226-228 Bonaparte's Gull
    #229 Iceland Gull
    #230 Ring-Billed Gull
    #231 Laughing Gull
    #232-235 Marsh Hawk
    #236-238 Red-Tailed Hawk
    #239 Swainson's Hawk
    #240-241 Black-Crowned Night Heron
    #242-261 Long-Tailed Jaeger
    #262-263 Dark-Eyed Junco
    #264 American Kestrel
    #265 Killdeer
    #266-270 Cassin's Kingbird
    #271-272 Eastern Kingbird
    #273-274 Western Kinbird
    #275 Belted Kingfisher
    #276 Ruby-Crowned Kinglet
    #277 Horned Lark
    #278 Western Meadowlark
    #279-280 Common Loon
    #281 Black-Billed Magpie

Folder 22. Birds 1980, #282-341
    #282-284 Black-Billed Magpie
    #285-288 Common Nighthawk
    #289 Red-Breasted Nuthatch
    #290 Chuckar Partridge
    #291 Gray Partridge
    #292-293 Water Pipit
    #294-297 White Pelican
    #298 Western Wood Pewee
    #299 Mountain Plover
    #300-302 Semipalmated Plover
    #303-304 Poorwill
    #305-306 American Robin
    #307-312 Baird's Sandpiper
    #313-315 Pectoral Sandpiper
    #316-317 Semipalmated Sandpiper
    #318 Solitary Sandpiper
    #319-320 Stilt Sandpiper
    #321-323 Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker
    #324 Northern Shoveler
    #325 Northern Shrike
    #326-329 Pine Siskin
    #330 Sora
    #331 Chipping Sparrow
    #332 Song Sparrow
    #333 Vesper Sparrow
    #334 White-Crowned Sparrow
    #335 Black-Necked Stilt
    #336-337 Bank Swallow
    #338-339 Barn Swallow
    #340 Cliff Swallow
    #341 Rough-Winged Swallow

Folder 23. Birds 1980, #342-362
    #342 Rough-Winged Swallow
    #343 Violet-Green Swallow
    #344 Trumpeter Swan
    #345-346 Black Tern
    #347 Solitary Vireo
    #348-349 Audubon's Warbler
    #350 Wilson's Warbler
    #351 Yellow Warbler
    #252 Yellow-Rumped Warbler
    #353-356 Cedar Waxwing
    #357 Downy WoodPecker
    #358 Greater Yellowlegs
    #359-362 Lesser Yellowlegs

Folder 24. Birds 1981, #363-422
    #363-364 Red-Winged Blackberd
    #365-366 Yellow-Headed Blackbird
    #367 Mountain Bluebird
    #368-369 Bobolink
    #370-371 Lark Bunting
    #372-373 Lazuli Bunting
    #374 Canvasback
    #375 Mountain Chickadee
    #376 American Coot
    #377-379 Brown-Headed Cowbird
    #380-383 Sandhill Crane
    #384-385 Brown Creeper
    #386-387 Common Crow
    #388 Yellow-Bellied Cuckoo
    #389 Long-Billed Curlew
    #390 Mourning Dove
    #391-392 Long-Billed Dowitcher
    #393 Bald Eagle
    #394-395 Prairie Falcon
    #396-398 Purple Finch
    #399-402 Common Flicker
    #403 Western Flycatcher
    #404-405 Willow Flycatcher
    #406-407 Marbled Godwit
    #408 Barrow's Goldeneye
    #409 American Goldfinch
    #410 Eared Grebe
    #411 Black-Headed Grosbeak
    #412 Sage Grouse
    #413-415 Sharp-Tailed Grouse
    #416 California Gull
    #417-422 Glaucous Gull

Folder 25. Birds 1981, #423-482
    #423-427 Glaucous Gull
    #428 Ring-Billed Gull
    #429-430 Cooper's Hawk
    #431-433 Ferruginous Hawk
    #434-437 Red-Tailed Hawk
    #438-439 Rough-Legged Hawk
    #440-442 Swainson's Hawk
    #443 Great Blue Heron
    #444 Pinon Jay
    #445-446 American Kestrel
    #447-449 Belted Kingfisher
    #450 Chestnut-Collared Longspur
    #451-452 Common Loon
    #453-454 Western Meadowlark
    #455-456 Black-Billed Magpie
    #457 Red-Breasted Merganser
    #458-460 Red-Breasted Nuthatch
    #461 Northern Oriole
    #462-464 Orchard Oriole
    #465 Osprey
    #466 Ovenbird
    #467 Burrowing Owl
    #468-470 Great Horned Owl
    #471-473 Pygmy Owl
    #474-476 Short-Eared Owl
    #477 Western Wood Pewee
    #478 Wilson's Phalarope
    #479-480 White Pelican
    #481-482 Band-Tailed Pigeon

Folder 26. Birds 1981, #483-542
    #483 Pintail
    #484-487 Sprague's Pipit
    #488-502 White-Tailed Ptarmigan
    #503-506 American Redstart
    #507 American Robin
    #508-509 Pectoral Sandpiper
    #510-515 Upland Sandpiper
    #516 Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker
    #517 Lesser Scaup
    #518 Loggerhead Shrike
    #519-520 Pine Siskin
    #521-524 Common Snipe
    #525-526 Townsend's Solitaire
    #527 Bard's Sparrow
    #528-530 Clay-Colored Sparrow
    #531-533 Field Sparrow
    #534-535 Lark Sparrow
    #536 Savannah Sparrow
    #537-539 Vesper Sparrow
    #540-541 White-Crowned Sparrow
    #542 Sora

Folder 27. Birds 1981, #543-595
    #543 Starling
    #544-545 Barn Swallow
    #546 Whistling Swan
    #547-548 White-Throated Swift
    #549-550 Scarlet Tanager
    #551-552 Western Tanager
    #553 Blue-Winged Teal
    #554 Cinnamon Teal/dd>
    #555-556 Brown Thrasher
    #557 Hermit Thrush
    #558 Rufous-Sided Towhee
    #559-560 Turkey
    #561 Warbling Vireo
    #562-563 Black & White Warbler
    #564-566 Magnolia Warbler
    #567-568 Yellow Warbler
    #569 Bohemian Waxwing
    #570-573 Willet
    #574-579 Hairy Woodpecker
    #580-583 Pileated Woodpecker
    #584-585 Red-Bellied Woodpecker
    #586-587 Canyon Wren
    #588-590 Long-Billed Marsh Wren
    #591-595 Short-Billed Marsh Wren

Folder 28. Birds 1982, #596-655
    #596 Yellow-Headed Blackbird
    #597-598 Bufflehead
    #599-600 Canvasback
    #601 Mourning Cloak
    #602-605 Sandhill Crane
    #606-608 Long-Billed Curlew
    #609 Ruddy Duck
    #610-611 Wood Duck
    #612-614 Bald Eagle
    #615-621 Great Egret
    #622-627 Gray-Crowned Rosy Finch
    #628 Canada Goose
    #629-630 Barrow's Goldeneye
    #631 Eared Grebe
    #632 Horned Grebe
    #633 Pied-Billed Grebe
    #634-635 Red-Necked Grebe
    #636-638 Pine Grossbeak
    #639-642 Rough-Legged Hawk
    #643-644 Sharp-Shinned Hawk
    #645 Swainson's Hawk
    #646 Steller's Jay
    #647 American Kestrel
    #648-649 Belted Kingfisher
    #650-651 Horned Lark
    #652 McCown's Longspur
    #656 Common Loon
    #654 Mallard
    #655 Common Merganser

Folder 29. Birds 1982, #656-715
    #656 Common Merganser
    #657 Red-Breasted Merganser
    #658 Merlin
    #659 Osprey
    #660-661 Great Horned Owl
    #662 Hank Owl
    #663 Ring-Necked Pheasant
    #664-665 Band-Tailed Pigeon
    #666-672 Common Red Poll
    #673 Solitary Sandpiper
    #674-675 Spotted Sandpiper
    #676 Ruddy Shoveler
    #677 Townsend's Solitaire
    #678 House Sparrow
    #679-681 Lincoln's Sparrow
    #682 Savannah Sparrow
    #683-685 Song Sparrow
    #686 Tree Sparrow
    #687-688 Mute Swan
    #689-690 Whistling Swan
    #691-692 Western Tanager
    #693 Blue-Winged Teal
    #694-697 Caspian Tern
    #698-699 Turkey
    #700 Red-Eyed Vireo
    #701-703 Turkey Vulture
    #704-705 Audubon's Warbler
    #706-711 Black & White Warbler
    #712-715 Cedar Waxwing

Folder 30. Birds 1982, #716-766
    #716 Cedar Waxwing
    #717 Downy Woodpecker
    #718-766 Unidentified Birds

Folder 31. Birds No Date, #767-774
    #767-774 Unidentified Birds

Folder 32. Animals 1980, #775-781
    #775 Cottontail
    #776-778 Muskrat
    #779 Prairie Dog
    #780 Pronghorn
    #781 West Rattlesnake

Folder 33. Animals 1981, #782-796
    #782-784 Mule Deer
    #785-786 White Tail Deer
    #787-788 Hoary Marmot
    #789-790 Yellow-Bellied Marmot
    #791 Porcupine
    #792-794 Pronghorn
    #795 Red Squirrel
    #796 Steer

Folder 34. Animals 1982, #797-804
    #797-799 Mule Deer
    #800-801 White-Tailed Jackrabbit
    #802-803 Porcupine
    #804 Ground Squirrel

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: File Cards

Consists of index cards detailing sightings of birds. The cards contain information on assorted bird species, dates sighted, locations sighted, as well as information on individuals.

Box 17
USDA Research Projects, State Projects Box I Set II
Box 18-20
Bird Sighting Cards

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 2012 August 20