Montana State University in Bozeman Montana State University - Home Montana State University Library - Home

Collection 2324 - H.B. Calfee Stereographs of Yellowstone National Park, ca. 1875-1880

Creator: Calfee, H. B. (Henry Bird), b. 1848

Provenance Note: Original stereograph prints created by Henry B. Calfee were purchased by Special Collections from Susan and Jack Davis of Bozeman, Montana on February 23 and March 30, 1995.

Historical Note: Henry Bird Calfee was a native of Arkansas and was born January 3, 1848. His boyhood was spent in the southern and eastern states. He came to Montana territory in 1867 where he worked as a painter and prospector for several years. Calfee first settled in Bozeman, but by 1885 he was living in Missoula where he remained the rest of his life. He first began taking photographs in Yellowstone during the 1870s and then marketed the images nationwide. Calfee also toured the country giving illustrated lectures on the park with the assistance of lantern slides.

Content Description Note: The stereographs in this collection are, with one exception, views of Yellowstone National Park showing natural features such as geysers, rock formations, and watercourses. The stereographs have been divided into three series. "The Enchanted Land; or, Wonders of the Yellowstone National Park," are images Calfee produced while also promoting his magic lantern lectures and are identified as such by his stamp on the green colored mounting of each image. "Views of the Wonderland; or, Yellowstone National Park," are perhaps Calfee's earliest images, made while he still resided in Bozeman. These images are mounted on yellow board which also bears Calfee's stamp on the verso, or another identifying the firm as "Calfee and Catlin." The final series of stereographs are not stamped and mounted on orange or beige colored mounts and have been attributed to Calfee. Calfee numbered the images in the first two groups, and the stereographs appear to have retained the same numbers in both with the exception of numbers 66 and 76. The titles of the last group were taken from the information handwritten on the mounts and bear no numbers at all.

Contents

Series 1 "The Enchanted Land; or, Wonders of the Yellowstone National Park"
Series 2 "Views of the Wonderland; or, Yellowstone National Park"
Series 3 Unmarked Calfee stereographs

Series 1: "The Enchanted Land; or, Wonders of the Yellowstone National Park"

Stereograph images of natural features taken by Calfee. Titles were taken from information included on the mounts, and the numbers preceding the titles are those assigned by Calfee.

Box 1
#5. Crystal Forest
#7. Liberty Cap 47 feet high
#11. Scrollwork in Bottom of Periodical Lake
#14. Cove Spring
#15. Stairway up Debri Hill
#24. Coral Pools
#39. Pearl Pool, Mammoth Springs
#41. Cascade West Fork of Gardiner River
#46. Looking down Gardiner Canyon
#49. Petrified Tree
#55. Tower Fall 128 ft.
#56. Looking over Tower Fall
#57. Tower Rocks
#59. Upper Fall of Yellowstone from Lower Fall
#60. Crystal Cascade
#63. Upper Terrace pools Hot Springs
#66. Eagle Cliff from Lovers Leap
#73. Section of Upper Fall Yellowstone
#76. Old Faithful Geyser
#80. Old Faithful Geyser
#83. Craters of the Tree Jokers
#84. Crater of Giantess Geyser
#89. Bee Hive Geyser
#90. Fountain Geyser
#94. Section of Crater of the Castle Geyser
#95. Giantess Group of Geysers
#104. Morning View in the Geyser Basin
#105. Monument Park
#108. Fire Hole Falls
#109. Crater of Giant Geyser
#127. Annies Lake and Pyramid Mountain reflected
#134. Hermit Mountain Perpetual Snow Arches
#148. Summer in the Rocky Mountains
#149. Fishing in the Park
#164. Camel Cliff Hoodoo Basin
#167. Leaf formation in Bottom of Periodical Lake
#173. Hoodoo Sentinel
#177. Pluto's Terraces
#202. Giantess Geyser
#206. Grand Canyon
#209. Grand Canyon from the Falls
#211. Great Falls from Red Butte
#215. Dismal view, Looking in Grand Canyon
#220. Great Falls near view
#234. Mt' Sheridan Reflected
#237. Boulder Falls, Tower Creek
#275. Pluto's Bath Tub

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: "Views of the Wonderland; or, Yellowstone National Park"

Stereograph images of natural features taken by Calfee. Titles were taken from information included on the mounts, and the numbers preceding the titles are those assigned by Calfee. The last three images have no assigned number, but still bear the Calfee stamp.

Box 1 (cont.)
#28. Grotto in the Glen, Mammoth Springs
#55. Tower Falls, 220 feet high
#66. Scene on the Yellowstone
#67. Yellowstone Canyon
#76. Old Faithful Geyser, in Eruption
#89. Bee Hive Geyser in action
#94. Section of the Crater of Castle Geyser
#104. Morning View in the Upper Geyser Basin
#107. Fire Hole River, and Crater of Riverside
#119. Fairies' Falls, on Specimen Creek
#127. Annie's Lake
#128. A View on Lake Agnes
#148. Summer in the Rocky Mountains
unm. Lower Basins East Side Mammoth Springs
unm. View on Soda Creek
unm. Twin towers

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Unmarked Calfee stereographs

Stereographs on orange or beige unmarked mounts attributed to Calfee. Titles taken from handwritten notations on the mounts.

Box 2
The Spring in Yellowstone Lake
Upper Falls
Cone of the Grotto Geyser
Mammoth Hot Springs
Group of Geysers take from Old Faithful Geyser Basin
Bee Hive Geyser
Mammoth Hot Springs
Old Faithful
Boiling Pool in Yellowstone Lake
Bath Pools of Diana, Mammoth Hot Springs
Grand Geyser
Natural Bridge
Cone of River Side Geyser
Tower Creek Falls
Mammoth Hot Springs
Giant Geyser in action
Corinthian Bath Pools, Mammoth Hot Springs
Egyptian Pools, Mammoth Hot Springs
Castle Geyser in action
Geyser Basin
Canon Fire Hole River
Coral Bath Pools, Mammoth Hot Springs
Liberty Cap
Gibbon River Falls
Uncle Sams Wash Bowl
Rapids on the Yellowstone above the falls
Unmarked beige mounts
Chinese Pools, Mammoth Hot Springs
Crater of Beehive Geyser
Nelson Story Residence, Bozeman, MT

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 5/28/09