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Collection 2204 - John G. Carter Papers, 1855-1952

Creator: Carter, John Galen, b. 1891

Provenance Note:Special Collections received the John G. Carter Papers in July of 1990.

Historical Note: John Galen Carter, the son of Senator Thomas Henry Carter and Ellen L. Galen Carter, was born in Washington. He was educated in Helena and Georgetown Prep School. He received his BA from Georgetown University in 1914 and his MA in 1915. He graduated from Georgetown Law School in 1918. The same year he enlisted in the Army and served until after the Armistice. In 1921, he joined the A. R. Serven law firm, and worked with cases mainly involving the government and specialized in Indian Affairs. He was a member of the American Anthropological Society and served in county and state conventions of the Republican party in Lewis and Clark County. He married Celina D. Calvo and they had one daughter, Mary Ellen.

Content Description Note: The John G. Carter papers include material from his law and writing career mainly on topics concerning Native Americans. The papers have been arranged according to topic and have been divided into five series: Series 1: Diaries, Manuscripts and Publications, 1909-1936; Series 2: Business and Legal Papers, 1855-1940; Series 3: Native American Manuscripts and Publications, 1893-1939; Series 4: Carter Family Papers, 1878-1952; and Series 5: Photographs, 1904-1906. The papers include diaries of trips Carter took in the Western United States, Cuba, the Panama Canal Zone, and Western Europe. His diaries also include a visit to the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation in Montana in 1909. Also included are his writings as well as manuscripts and publications that he collected on Native Americans. His legal papers contain documents from court cases including Blackfeet et al. vs. United States and Okanogan et al. vs. United States. These papers include petitions, arguments, depositions, analysis of the cases, opinions of the court, reports, and motions. Also included in the John G. Carter papers are family papers concerning his parents such as newspaper clippings and correspondence. Photographs of Native Americans, mainly on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, are also included in the papers.

Contents

Series 1: Diaries, Manuscripts and Publications, 1909-1936
Series 2: Business and Legal Papers, 1855-1940
Series 3: Native American Manuscripts and Publications
Series 4: Carter Family Papers, 1878-1952; 1985
Series 5: Photographs, 1904-1906


Series 1: Diaries, Manuscripts and Publications, 1909-1936

Series 1 contains diaries and manuscripts of John G. Carter. Most of his writings were on Native Americans and include topics such as Indian Sign Language, Fort Belknap, the Piegan Tribe of the Blackfoot Nation, and Native American ceremonies. His diaries and notes cover trips he made to Montana, North and South Dakota, Indiana, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington, and Vermont. Other trips include Cuba, the Panama Canal Zone, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Holland, Great Britain, Scotland, Ireland, and Canada
Box 1
1. John G. Carter: Bibliographic notes
2. John G. Carter: Rawhide Rawlins Stories (1921); McClure's Magazine (1907); Obituary, 1941
3. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, June 29-September 15, 1909
4. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, December 1909-January 1910
5. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, June-September 1910
6. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, April 12-26, 1924
7. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, June-July 1926
8. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, Sun Dance Fort Belknap, 1906-1907
9. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, Cree Sun Dance, Helena, 1908
10. Diaries and Notes, Book 1, Gros Ventres, Fort Belknap, 1909
11. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 116-131
12. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 132-149
13. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 150-170
14. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 171-191
15. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 192-208
16. Diaries and Notes, Book 2, 1932, pages 209-228
17. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 229-250
18. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 251-268
19. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 269-289
20. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 290-305
21. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 306-325
22. Diaries and Notes, Book 3, 1936, pages 326-348
23. Diaries and Notes, Book 4, June 25-July 17, 1936
24. Diaries and Notes, Book 4, July 18-25, 1936
25. Diaries and Notes, Book 4, July 26-31, 1936
26. Diaries and Notes, Book 4, Maps
27. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 1, pages 1-21
28. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 1, pages 22-48
29. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 1, pages 49-74
30. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 2, pages 75-95
31. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 2, pages 96-118
32. Notes on North American Indian Sign Language, Book 2, pages 119-148
33. Notes on North American Indians, Book 3, pages 149-167
34. Notes on North American Indians, Book 3, pages 168-191
35. Notes on North American Indians, Book 3, pages 192-222
36. Indian Sign Language Lists: 1800-1893, Book 4, pages 223-243
37. Indian Sign Language Lists: 1800-1893, Book 4, pages 244-279
38. Indian Sign Language Lists: 1800-1893, Book 4, pages 280-296
Box 2
1. Fort Belknap Notes, Atsina Indians, 1909, Book 5, pages 297-316
2. Fort Belknap Notes, Atsina Indians, 1909, Book 5, pages 317-337
3. Fort Belknap Notes, Atsina Indians, 1909, Book 5, pages 338-361
4. Fort Belknap Notes, Atsina Indians, 1909, Book 5, pages 362-380
5. The Piegan Tribe of the Blackfoot Nation of Indians: Original Source Material, 1730-1814, Book 6, pages 1-18
6. The Piegan Tribe, Book 6, pages 19-35
7. The Piegan Tribe, Book 6, pages 36-81
8. The Piegan Tribe, Book 6, pages 82-116
9. The Piegan Tribe, Book 6, pages 117-140
10. Big Snake (Black Snake Man): A Chief of the Piegan Tribe of the Blackfoot Indians; John Two Guns
11. Documents on Unfamiliar Ceremonies, Observations, and Customs of the North American Indians, pages 1-19
12. Documents on Unfamiliar Ceremonies, pages 20-31
13. Documents on Unfamiliar Ceremonies, pages 32-44
14. Documents on Unfamiliar Ceremonies, pages 45-51
15. The Northern Arapaho Flat Pipe and the Ceremony of Covering the Pipe, pages 1-20
16. The Northern Arapaho Flat Pipe and the Ceremony of Covering the Pipe, pages 21-41

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Business and Legal Papers

As an attorney with A. R. Serven, John G. Carter was involved with numerous legal cases concerning Native Americans. Series 2 contains the business and legal papers of his law career. Important law suits include the Blackfeet et al. vs. United States during the 1920s and 1930s in which the Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, and Gros Ventre nations sued the U. S. concerning the Common Hunting Ground set up by a 1855 treaty; Okanogan et al. vs. United States of the 1920s in which the Okanogan, Methow, San Poeils, Nespelem, Colville, and Lake Indian tribes of Washington sued the U. S. Also included in Series 2 is correspondence, petitions, arguments, depositions, analysis of the cases, opinions of the court, reports, motions, bills, and contracts.
Box 3
1. John G. Carter: Correspondence, 1895; 1913-1929
2. John G. Carter: Correspondence, 1930-1931
3. John G. Carter: Correspondence, 1932-1941
4. Blackfeet Claim: Abandonment by Canadian Blackfeet of Right to Participate in Claims of American Blackfeet against the United States
5. Blackfeet Claim: Comments on the 1855 Treaty, April 21, 1933
6. Blackfeet Claim: Common Hunting Ground
7. Blackfeet Claim: Digest of the Case
8. Blackfeet Claim: Fur Trade, 1821
9. Blackfeet Claim: Maps and Boundaries, 1855-1896
10. Blackfeet Claim: Maps of Land Taken by Unratified Treaties
11. Blackfeet Claim: Memora3ndum on the Blackfeet Indians of Montana for Judge Galen
12. Blackfeet Claim: Minutes of the Blackfeet Business Council, 1932
13. Blackfeet Claim: Population Data
14. Blackfeet Claim: Report to the Secretary of the Interior
15. Blackfeet Claim: Statement of Fact
16. Blackfeet Claim: Story of the Blackfoot Claim
17. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders
18. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders, Ratified Treaty of 1855
19. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders, Unratified Treaty of 1868 (Fort Benton)
20. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders, Unratified Treaty of 1868 (Fort Hawley)
21. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders, July 5, 1873-July 13, 1880
22. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders Act of May 1, 1888
23. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders Act of June 10, 1896
24. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders Treaty with the Nez Perce
25. Blackfeet Claim: Treaties, Acts and Orders, Ratified Treaty of 1863 with Nez Perce
26. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Petition, July 10, 1925
27. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Statements of 7 Blackfeet Indians re: Common Hunting Ground, March-May, 1926
28. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Statements of 14 Gros Ventre Indians re: Common Hunting Ground, March, 1926
29. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Statements of 12 Nez Perce Indians re: Common Hunting Ground, February-April, 1926
30. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Correspondence regarding statements on Common Hunting Ground, June 1926
31. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Value of Oil Extracted from Blackfeet Territory
32. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions, June 24, 1926 (Mrs. Horse Capture, Mrs. Lame Bull, Stiff Arm, The Boy and Flea)
33. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions, June 26, 1926 (Mountain Chief, Eagle Head, Margaret Marceau, Scarce Woman, Calf Tail, Read Head, After Buffalo)
34. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions, June 29-July 1, 1926 (James W. Brown Abe McKnight, Thomas Burd, Sr., William Lewis, Catches Two White Calves, Young Running Crane, Eagle Tailfeathers, Cuts at Night Black Face Man, Ground, Red Plume, Wood Chief Woman, J. Willard Schultz, George Pablo, John Ground, and Francis X. Guardipee)
35. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions, July 7, 1926 (John Walker, Philip Evans, Wa Win Wah Tsan My, Sally Wilber, Amelia Johnson, Elisa Miller, Paul Corbett, Sr., James S. Hines and John Wilson)
36. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Motion for Call on the Department of the Interior, 1927; 1927
37. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: CorrespondenceJanuary to April 1927; October 1929
38. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Motion of Plaintiff to Print Depositions, August 16, 1929
39. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Supplementary Stipulations
40. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Plaintiffs' Request for Findings of Fact and Brief, November 25, 1929
41. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Motion for New Trial, 1933
42. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Motion to Amend Finding of Fact, Conclusion of Law and Correction of Judgment, 1934
43. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: History of the Case, 1935
44. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Other Items, E427
45. Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Notes, E427
Box 4
1. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Petition, March 28, 1927
2. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Demurrer, July 6, 1927; Petitioners' Brief in resistance to Defendant's Demurrer
3. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Petitioners' Motion for New Trial, June 9, 1928; Brief in Support of Motion for New Trial; Petitioners' Supplemental Brief on Motion for New Trial
4. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Digest and Analysis of Decision
5. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Pocket Veto Cases
6. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Brief in Support of Petition for Writ of Certiorari, October 21, 1928; Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the Court of Claims, 1928
7. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Brief for The United States, 1928; Motion by The United States to Advance, 1928
8. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Brief for Petitioners, 1928
9. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Motion of Hatton W. Sumners for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae and Brief of Amicus Curiae, 1928
10. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Opinion of the Court, 1928
11. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Petition and Transcript of Record, 1928
12. Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Wright, Herbert F., The Constitutional Review, Editorial, April, 1929, pp. 103-120; Supreme Court Reporter, (v.49, no.16), June 15, 1929, pp. 463-470
13. Shoshone Tribe of Indians vs. United States, H-219, December 1935
14. Shoshone and Arapaho Council, January 9-11, 1940
15. Shoshone and Arapaho Councils, February 15, 1940
16. General Conference with the Shoshone and Arapaho Delegates May 2-9, 1940, Minutes pages 1-20
17. General Conference with the Shoshone and Arapaho Delegates May 2-9, 1940, Minutes pages 21-41
18. General Conference with the Shoshone and Arapaho Delegates May 2-9, 1940, Minutes pages 42-67
19. An Act for the Relief of Certain Nations or Tribes of Indians in Montana, Idaho, and Washington, 1929, H.R. 3444, S.872
20. Annual Report of the Department of the Interior (Canadian), June 30, 1877
21. Appropriations, June 30, 1922
22. A Bill Authorizing the Lower Spokane Tribes to Present Claims to the Court of Claims
23. A Bill for the Relief of Certain Nations of Tribes of Indians in Montana, 1921, House Bill 2432
24. Conferring Jurisdiction to the Court of Claims, Bill S. 641; 873
25. Corporate Charter of the Fort Belknap Indian Community, a Federal Corporation Chartered Under the Act of June 18, 1934
26. Department of the Interior, Memorandum for the Press, March 10, 1932
27. Glacier National Park
28. Maps: Montana-Laramie Treaty, 1851; Indian Reservations
29. Message from the President of the United States re: Treaties, September 25, 1868-February 11, 1869
30. New England Mutual Life Insurance Corporation, vs. The United States, No. K- 420, Court of Claims, October 22, 1931
31. Northern Arapaho Tribe: Lawyers Contract, April 1, 1940 (John G. Carter and F. M. Goodwin)
32. Other Legal Matters: Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations, May 14, 1855-July 1, 1912; Indian Litigation, Cases pending, June 9, 1928; Community House in the Heart Butte District; Ex Parte: in the Matter of Kang-Gi-Shun-Ca, otherwise known as Crow Dog; Statutory Law Notes; Notes on Idaho and Montana Territorial Enabling Acts
33. River and Mountain Crows Memorandum, September 1927
34. The Sioux Tribe of Indians vs. The United States, No. C-431, Court of Claims, Petition, May 7, 1923
35. State of Montana vs. County of Cascade, Depositions of US Proctor, January 31, 1931
36. State of Montana vs. County of Glacier, Depositions of I. F. X. Guardipee, James B. Welch, George S. Martin, Emma Larsen, and Charles Simon, August 31, 1926
37. Treaty between the United States and the Blackfoot Nation of Indians, November 16, 1865
38. Treaty: Crow Reservation in Montana, 1873

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Native American Manuscripts and Publications

Throughout his career, John G. Carter was very interested and connected to Native American concerns. Series 3 contains manuscripts and publications he collected on Native American topics. Included are works on Indian home life, customs, ceremonies, and habitat. Also included is a typescript of Lt. James Bradley's history of the march of General Gibbons Column at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
Box 5
1. The Battle of the Little Big Horn, Wallace D. Coburn
2. Bison
3. Blackfoot Lodge Tales, George Bird Grinnell
4. The Discovery of the American Bison by the Spaniards
5. The Forbidden Dance, E. L. Dorsey
6. Habitat of Indian Bands
7. History of the Sioux; Indian Use of Horses
8. Indian and White in the Northwest: A History of Catholicity in Montana, 1831 to 1891, L. B.Palladino
9. Indian Home Life, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
10. Indian Stories, Customs, and Ceremonies
11. Indian Tribes of Montana
12. Indian Wars and Local Disturbances in the United States, 1782-1898; Wars, Military Expeditions and Armed Conflicts
13. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 1-20
14. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 21-39
15. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 40-59
16. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 60-78
17. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 79-99
18. The March of General Gibbons Column, pages 100-Bibliography
19. Memorandum for Dr. A. K. Fisher on the Proper Usage of the Word Blackfoot" or "Blackfeet," as Applied to the Piegan Indians of Montana
20. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 1-23
21. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 24-50
22. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 51-76
23. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 77-104
24. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 105-131
25. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 132-157
26. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 158-187
27. Notes to Indian Sketches from the Collection in the Walters Gallery, Alfred J. Miller, pages 188-218
28. The Progress of the Blackfeet Indians, Charles H. Burke
29. Railroad Commission Map of Montana, 1908
30. River Crsows and Mountain Crows
31. Smithsonian Institution, National Museum, and Indians, Superintendent of Documents
32. Social and Educational Implications of the Navajo Program, W. Carson Ryan, Jr.
33. Strong's History of Oregon
34. Surrender of Sitting Bull, E. H. Allison
35. Survey of Aboriginal tribes in the United States, Method of Gathering Data
36. Tenure of Land Among the Indians, George Bird Grinnell
37. Yellowstone Lake

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: Carter Family Papers

Series 4 contains Carter family papers, including correspondence of Senator Thomas H. Carter and newspaper clippings and papers concerning his death and clippings and material on Trinity College regarding Ellen Galen Carter.
Box 6
1. Thomas H. Carter, Correspondence, 1878; 1908
2. Thomas H. Carter, Business and Financial Papers, 1899; 1905
3. Thomas H. Carter, Newspaper Clippings, 1889-1905; undated
4. Thomas H. Carter, Newspaper Clippings, September 1911
5. Thomas H. Carter, Scrapbook: Montana Newspaper clippings re: Death of Thomas H. Carter
6. Thomas H. Carter, Address of the Honorable Lee Mantle at the exercises in memory of the late Thomas H. Carter, January 31, 1913
7. Thomas H. Carter, Resolution adopted by the Senate of Montana, upon the death of Thomas H. Carter, January 31, 1913
8. Ellen Galen Carter, Letter from father, H. F. Galen, December 1896; letter from brother James Galen, Nome, Alaska, June 9-14, 1900
9. Ellen Galen Carter, Family Genealogy: Family tree of Hugh Gillogly - Ellen Burke
10. Ellen Galen Carter, Newspaper Clippings, 1932-1952
11. Ellen Galen Carter, Trinity College, 1933-1934
12. Mary Ellen Carter Grogan, Correspondence, 1984-1985
13. Newspaper Clippings, 1928-1938
14. Poems

Contents | Special Collections

Series 5: Photographs, 1904-1906

Series 5 contains photographs mainly of Native Americans that John G. Carter collected during his career. Most of the pictures are of ceremonies performed at the Fort Belknap Reservation including the Fool Dance, Grass Dance, and Sun Dance. Also included are pictures of a "sham" battle between the Assiniboine and Gros Ventre, Medicine Man "Nosey" and Little Chief, and building a medicine lodge. Two family photographs of Thomas H. Carter and Hugh Galen are also found in Series 5.
Box 6 (cont.)
15. Photograph photocopies #2-18
16. Photograph photocopies #19-42
17. Photographs #1-10
    #1.Thomas H. Carter.
    #2. Hugh Galen.
    #3. Indians on the Flathead Reservation, July 1904: Francois- Kootenai Chief at Pablo's Ranch.
    #4. Indians on the Flathead Reservation, July 1904: Mother-In-Law of Pablo.
    #5-6. Only Skin Lodge on Fort Belknap, July 1905.
    #7. On the side lines, July 1905.
    #8. "Good Will" Declaration, July 1905.
    #9. Indian Women on the Fort Belknap Reservation, July 1905.
    #10. Bear Dance in Gros Ventre Camp, July 1905.
18. Photographs #11-18 (Assiniboine and Gros Ventre Fool Dance at Fort Belknap Reservation, July 1906)
    #11. Fool Dancers Blowing Whistles While their Leader Sings A Comic Song.
    #12. Chief of the Fool Dancers and his Warrior.
    #13. Fool Dance Warrior Going Out to Attack a Dead Steer.
    #14. Fool Dance Warriors Discharging their arrow and spear at the Sleeping Buffalo.
    #15. Fool Dancers Jubilant Over Having Killed the Sleeping Buffalo.
    #16. Outsiders do the Butchering as the Fools Gloat Over the Choice Cuts.
    #17. Piece of Raw Liver in the Air, Tossed by Chief of Fools.
    #18. Fool Dancer Resting with Mask on Top of Head.
19. Photographs #19-26 (Grass Dance and Sun Dance at Fort Belknap)
    #19. Joe Big Beaver and Paul Horse Capture, Leaders in the Grass Dance.
    #20. Gros Ventre Chiefs Dressed for Grass Dance.
    #21. Musicians Ready for Grass Dance.
    #22. Dressed, or Rather Undressed, for the Grass Dance, Bodies Painted Pink.
    #23. Feigning to Spear Dog Meat in Pail, Grass Dance.
    #24. The Medicine or Sun Dance in Full Swing.
    #25. Dancing in the Medicine Lodge and Igniting Braids of Sweet Grass.
    #26. One of the Dancers Called to Center of Lodge for Presents.
20. Photographs #27-36 (Sham Battle and Building Medicine Lodge)
    #27. Assiniboine going to raid the Gros Ventre Camp.
    #28. Sham Battle and Camp in Distance.
    #29. Dressed for Parade to Sham Battle.
    #30. Exhorting the Indians to be ready for Sham Battle.
    #31. Going to Select the Sacred Tree for Medicine Lodge Pole.
    #32. In Selecting Tree for Medicine Lodge Pole each Related Some Tale of Conquest, then a Wreath of Sage was Tied About Tree Feet from the Ground and all Departed.
    #33. Medicine Lodge Pole in Place with Thunderbird Nest.
    #34. Raising the Thundersbird's Nest in the Medicine Lodge Pole.
    #35. Center Pole of Assiniboine Medicine Lodge after the Sun Dance.
    #36. Building Medicine Lodge, Old Nosey in Distance at Left Giving Instructions.
21. Photographs #37-42 (Medicine Man, "Nosey" and Little Chief)
    #37. Nosey's Medicine Tepee.
    #38. Nosey the Assiniboine Medicine Man Who has a Record of 32 Medicine Lodges and Never Fails in his Good Work.
    #39. Nosey and his Assistants about the Tree that was During the Morning Consecrated for Use as Center Pole of the Medicine Lodge, After a Smoke the Wreath Was Removed and Tree Cut Down.
    #40. Medicine Man Nosey, Chanting Versed before the Tree for the Medicine Lodge Pole is Cut Down.
    #41. Little Chief Consecrating Tobacco and Herbs to be Smoked About Sacred Lodge Pole Tree.
    #42. Little Chief

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 6/27/12