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Collection 2095 - Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Papers, 1940-1984

Creator: Billings, Harry L., 1913-1990

Provenance Note: Harry L. and Gretchen Billings donated their business and personal papers to Special Collections in the fall of 1982. A separate donation of papers in 1984, originally accessioned as collection 2123, was combined with this collection during processing.

Historical Note: Harry L. Billings was born in Somers, Montana, in 1913 where his father worked in the lumber mill. His mother was a homesteader and early day schoolteacher in the Hot Springs area where he was raised. He was a graduate of Thompson Falls High School and earned a degree in journalism from the University of Montana in 1933. His wife, Gretchen Garber Billings was a native of Whitefish whose grandparents homesteaded in the Plains area in the mid 1880s. The Billings jointly edited the farmer-labor owned newspaper The People's Voice in Helena from 1946 to 1969, resigning after a lengthy dispute with organized labor over support of the Vietnam War. Billings opposed American involvement in Korea and Vietnam. During the sales tax fight of 1971, Harry coordinated the successful opposition to enactment of the proposed tax, and then spent two and one half years as Director of Education and Research for the Montana State AFL-CIO. He was also a member of the Montanan Bicentennial advisory council in the mid 1970s and in 1983 was awarded the University of Montana's distinguished alumni award. The Billings retired first to their home in Thompson Falls and then moved full-time to Apache Junction, Arizona, when Harry began suffering respiratory problems. He died on April 23, 1990.

Content Description Note: The Billings papers contains correspondence, speeches, research notes, and printed publications pertaining to the Republican far right, especially the John Birch Society in Montana during the 1960s. These papers are the resource material that explain the positions taken by The People's Voice and also document the tie between the Billings and the Montana AFL-CIO. Since the Billings were involved in many political issues, they corresponded with many high ranking government officials, including John F. Kennedy, who wrote to the Billings after a trip to Montana in 1959, and Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey, and Jeanette Rankin, a personal friend of the Billings. They also worked closely with several Montana governors and senators. Included in the papers are letters written by Mike Mansfield, Lee Metcalf, John Melcher, James E. Murray, and Burton K. Wheeler as well as governors Sam C. Ford, John W. Bonner, Tom Judge, and Ted Schwinden. Billings also collected the papers of Colonel Jerome G. Locke who was appointed General Surveyor of Montana by President Taft. Included in the Billings papers is Locke's certificate of his appointed signed by Taft. The Billings papers have been topically divided into series.

Contents

Series 1 Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Speeches, 1946-1984
Series 2 Labor Movement, 1944-1979
Series 3 Montana AFL-CIO, 1956-1984
Series 4 General Subject Files, 1940-1981
Series 5 Individuals, 1947-1984
Series 6 The Right Wing, 1948-1968
Series 7 Group Research, Incorporated, 1961-1967
Series 8 Photographs and Audio Recordings, 1948-1974

Series 1: Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Speeches, 1946-1984

Through their work with The People's Voice and the labor movement, the Billings corresponded with many people across the state. This series contains correspondence with labor leaders and people voicing their support or disagreement over various political issues. The bulk of the letters were written when the Billings were editors of The People's Voice. Most of letters are connected with the paper, but a few are personal letters to Harry and Gretchen. The Billings were also ardent spokespersons for labor and the Democratic party and were often asked to speak at various functions. This series also contains speeches and radio broadcasts the Billings made in conjunction with their position with the paper. The bulk of the letters in Series 1 is general and some personal correspondence. The only specific topics contained in this series are the Grain Terminal Association, the Hillman Award, and the Billings's retirement from The People's Voice. Correspondence relating to specific topics such as the labor movement, the AFL-CIO, and the right wing are found in Series 2-6.

Box 1
1. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1946-1948
2. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1950-1953
3. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1954-1955
4. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, February to April 1956
5. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, May to December 1956
6. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to March 1957
7. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, April to May 1957
8. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, June to December 1957
9. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to April 1958
10. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, May to August 1958
11. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, September to December 1958
12. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to May 1959
13. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, June to July 1959
14. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, August to December 1959
15. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to February 1960
16. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, March to April 1960
17. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, May to August 1960
18. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, September 1960
19. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, October 1960
20. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, November to December 1960
21. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to March 1961
22. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, April to July 1961
23. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, August to October 1961
24. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, November to December 1961
25. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to May 1962
26. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, June to July 1962
27. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, August to December 1962
28. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to July 1963
29. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, August to September 1963
30. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, October to December 1963
31. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to April 1964
32. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, May 1964
33. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, June to July 1964
34. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, September to December 1964
35. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, Invitation to Lyndon B. Johnson's Inauguration, 1965
Box 2
1. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to March 1965
2. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, April 1965
3. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, May to June 1965
4. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, July to December 1965
5. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to February 1966
6. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, March to July 1966
7. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, September to October 1966
8. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, November to December 1966
9. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to August 1967
10. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, September to December 1967
11. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, January to May 1968
12. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, June 1968 to 1969
13. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1972
14. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1973-1974
15. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1975
16. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1976
17. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1977-1981
18. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1982
19. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Correspondence, 1983-1984
20. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Personal Correspondence, 1968 to March 1969
21. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Personal Correspondence, April to December 1969
22. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Personal Correspondence, 1970-1972
23. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Personal Correspondence, 1973-1976
24. Grain Terminal Association Correspondence, 1957 to January 1960
25. Grain Terminal Association Correspondence, February 1960 to 1961
26. Grain Terminal Association Correspondence, 1962 to 1965, 1970
27. Grain Terminal Association Clippings and Speeches, 1960, 1970
28. Hillman Award Correspondence, November 1958 to March 1959
29. Hillman Award Correspondence, April 1959
30. Hillman Award Correspondence, May 1959
31. Hillman Award Correspondence, June 1959
32. Hillman Award Correspondence, July 1959 to 1961, 1967
33. Hillman Award Clippings, 1959
34. Correspondence about Harry L. and Gretchen Billings' Retirement, 1968
35. Clippings about Harry L. and Gretchen Billings' Retirement, 1968
Box 3
1. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Radio Broadcasts, January 1953
2. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Radio Broadcasts, February to March 1953
3. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Radio Broadcasts, 1957
4. Harry L. and Gretchen Billings Interviews, 1975-1976
5. Dean Stone Night, Correspondence and Speech, April 1976
6. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1960
7. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1962-1963
8. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1964
9. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1972
10. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1973
11. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1974
12. Harry L. Billings Speeches, 1976-1978
13. Gretchen Billings Speeches, 1960
14. Gretchen Billings Speeches, circa 1960-1969
15. Gretchen Billings Speeches, 1964-1967
16. Gretchen Billings Speeches, circa 1964-1967
17. Gretchen Billings Speeches, 1969
18. Gretchen Billings Speeches, circa 1969-1970
19. Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Speeches, 1959-1961
20. Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Speeches, 1962-1963
21. Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Speeches, 1964-1965
22. Gretchen Billings Correspondence and Clippings for Speeches, 1964-1967
23. Gretchen Billings Correspondence with Women in Politics, 1959-1972
24. Gretchen Billings Women in Politics Questionnaire and Panels, 1973
25. Gretchen Billings Notes about Teaching Communism, 1961-1963

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Labor Movement, 1944-1979

One area of specific interest to the Billings was the labor movement in Montana. Both Harry and Gretchen were involved in the farmer-labor institute, appearing at various conferences and meetings. This series contains mainly clippings dealing with the labor movement in Montana. It also contains correspondence with various labor leaders and programs from the Farmer-Labor Institute conferences during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. (The last conference was held in 1972)

Box 4
1. American Labor History Pamphlets, Samuel Gompers
2. American Labor History Pamphlets, History of the Department of Labor
3. American Labor History Pamphlets, Labor
4. American Labor History Pamphlets, Unions
5. American Labor History Clippings, 1961-1976
6. Montana Labor History Correspondence, 1967, 1973
7. Montana Labor History Correspondence, 1974-1979
8. Montana Labor History Pamphlets, 1973-1976
9. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1944, 1967
10. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1968-1969
11. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1972-1973
12. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1974
13. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1975-1977
14. Montana Labor History Clippings, 1978-1979
15. Montana Labor History Clippings, no dates
16. Montana State Federation of Labor Golden Jubilee Year Book, 1894-1944
17. Montana State Federation of Labor Convention 1951
18. Montana State Federation of Labor, 1953-1955
19. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Correspondence, 1956-1959
20. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Correspondence, 1967-1970
21. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Correspondence, 1972
22. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Conference Programs, 1952-1972
23. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Conference Summaries and Addresses, 1949-1970
24. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Articles, Notes, and Committee Members, 1953-1972
25. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Finances and Receipts, 1972
26. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1951-1958
27. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1961
28. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1962
29. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1963
30. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1965-1968
31. Montana Farmer-Labor Institute Clippings, 1972

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Montana AFL-CIO, 1956-1984

After retiring from The People's Voice, Harry and Gretchen remained vocal about labor issues in Montana. During the 1970s, Harry became the Director of Education and Research of the Montana State AFL-CIO. This series contains correspondence with AFL-CIO leaders, especially James Murray, AFL-CIO publications, including the COPE pamphlets from 1979 to 1982, statements made by Harry and other AFL-CIO leaders at various hearings, information about the internal fight within AFL-CIO in 1978, and clippings about various topics pertaining to the AFL-CIO. Box 7 in this series contains the Montana State AFL-CIO Year Books from 1957-1983 (broken run).

Box 5
1. Montana AFL-CIO Merger, 1956
2. Montana AFL-CIO Correspondence, 1962-1973
3. Montana AFL-CIO Correspondence, 1974-1979
4. Montana AFL-CIO Correspondence, 1980-1984
5. Montana AFL-CIO Budget, 1971-1975
6. Montana AFL-CIO Committee on Political Education, 1959
7. Montana AFL-CIO Committee on Political Education, 1963
8. Montana AFL-CIO Committee on Political Education Clippings, 1962-1963
9. Montana AFL-CIO "COPE" Pamphlets, 1979-1980
10. Montana AFL-CIO "COPE" Pamphlets, 1981
11. Montana AFL-CIO "COPE" Pamphlets, 1982
12. Montana AFL-CIO Environmental Legislation, 1974
13. Montana AFL-CIO Hearings and Statements, 1971-1973
14. Montana AFL-CIO Hearings and Statements, 1974
15. Montana AFL-CIO Internal Fight Correspondence, 1978
16. Montana AFL-CIO Internal Fight Executive Board Meeting Minutes, December 12, 1977
17. Montana AFL-CIO Internal Fight Executive Board Meeting Minutes, February 25, 1978
18. Montana AFL-CIO Internal Fight Executive Board Meeting Minutes, May 6, 1978
19. Montana AFL-CIO Internal Fight Clippings, 1977-1978
20. Montana AFL-CIO Legislative Reports, 1974-1979
21. Montana AFL-CIO Legislative Support, 1972-1974
22. Montana AFL-CIO Occupational and Safety and Health Bill, 1973-1974
23. Montana AFL-CIO Pamphlets
Box 6
1. Montana AFL-CIO The People's Voice Correspondence, 1968
2. Montana AFL-CIO The People's Voice Clippings, 1968
3. Montana AFL-CIO Statements and Publications, 1964-1967
4. Montana AFL-CIO Statements and Publications, 1972-1973
5. Montana AFL-CIO Statements and Publications, 1974
6. Montana AFL-CIO Statements and Publications, 1975-1978, 1980-1981
7. Montana AFL-CIO Clippings, 1957-1958
8. Montana AFL-CIO Clippings, 1972-1979
9. Montana AFL-CIO Clippings, 1980-1984
Box 7
1. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1957
2. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1958
3. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1961-1962
4. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1966
5. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1967
6. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1968
7. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1969
8. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1970
9. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1971
10. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1972
11. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1973
12. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1974
13. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1975
14. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1976
15. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1977
16. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1978
17. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1979
18. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1980
19. Montana State AFL-CIO Year Book, 1983
20. Montana State AFL-CIO Delegate Handbook, 1971
21. Montana State AFL-CIO Delegate Handbook, 1973
22. Montana State AFL-CIO Delegate Handbook, 1974

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: General Subject Files, 1940-1981

The Billings were interested in a wide range of topics and issues. As editors of The People's Voice and during their retirement, they kept clippings, articles, and publications on various subjects, mainly dealing with labor and the right wing movement. This series contains subject headings arranged in alphabetical order of the various clippings and research Harry and Gretchen collected on topics such as the Democratic party, environmental concerns, gambling, land use, the legislature, Paradise Dam, poverty, taxation, and Young Americans for Freedom. Two main topics in this series are the Montana bicentennial and the fight against the proposed sales tax in 1971. As one of the main leaders in the opposition to the sales tax, Harry corresponded with many people across the state in order to defeat the tax. This series contains that correspondence and other materials used in the fight against the sales tax.

Box 8
1. ACM Strike, 1967-1968
2. America's Future Background Information and Articles
3. America's Future Textbook Evaluation
4. Bicentennial Commission Correspondence, 1973
5. Bicentennial Commission Correspondence, 1974
6. Bicentennial Commission Correspondence, 1975
7. Bicentennial Commission Correspondence, 1976
8. Bicentennial Commission Project Descriptions
9. Bicentennial Commission Final Report to the Governor, October 16, 1975
10. Bicentennial Commission "The Bicentennial Era: 1972-1976" Pamphlet
11. Bicentennial Commission Bicentennial State Park, Three Forks
12. Bicentennial Commission Clippings, 1973-1975
Box 9
1. Calendars: Goldwater, 1964; American Almanac, 1973
2. Church League of America, 1961
3. Coal, 1972-1974
4. Coal Tax Correspondence and Clippings, 1972-1974
5. Coal Tax Resolutions, 1972-1974
6. Colstrip-Montana Power Company Correspondence, 1966, 1977-1981
7. Colstrip-Montana Power Company Clippings, 1972-1984
8. Communism Pamphlets and Clippings, 1961-1962
9. Democratic Party Correspondence, 1960, 1964, 1977, 1979
10. Democratic Party Platforms, 1972, 1976; Police Committee, 1981
11. Democratic Party Clippings, 1964-1981
12. Frank Dryman Case, 1961-1962
13. Educational Cooperative Publishing Company of Montana, 1939
14. Election Reform, 1974
15. Environmental and Legislative Concerns "The Capital Monitor" Newsletter, 1979
16. Environmental and Legislative Concerns Legislative Reports, 1979; Clippings, 1969-1979
17. Free Press, 1977-1979
18. Gambling, 1977
19. Hellgate Herald, July 1965
20. Hellgate Herald, August 1965
21. Hellgate Herald, September to October 1965
22. House Un-American Committee, 1961, 1967
23. KMON and KCAP Radio Stations, 1961-1962
Box 10
1. Land Use: SB625, 1974
2. Legislative Reports, 1973-1983
3. Legislative Reports Publications, 1975-1983
4. Legislative Reports Clippings, 1975, 1981-1985
5. Legislature: Annual v. Biennial, 1974
6. Lewistown Speech Correspondence and Publications, 1961-1965
7. Lewistown Speech Clippings, 1960-1965
8. The Missoulian Centennial Edition, April 30, 1973
9. Montana Christian Conservative, July 1961 to June 1962
10. Montana History Conference, 1974
11. Montana History Conference, 1975
12. Montana and National Press Progressive Opinion Montana Newspapers
    Daily Herald (Helena) August 1867
    Free Press (Helena) May 1930
    Great Falls News, January 1933
    Roundup Record-Tribune, March 1933
    The Scout (Terry) November 1932
    Montana Standard (Butte) June 1932
    The Western Progressive (Helena) April, December 1932; March, April 1933
13. Montana and National Press Progressive Opinion National Newspapers
    American Freedom (Kansas) October 1932
    The Bugle Call (Missouri) July 1932
    Daily Worker (New York) October 1931
    New York Times, January 1933
    The Progressive (Wisconsin) April 1932, February 1933
    Vinita Daily Journal (Oklahoma) February 1933
14. Nixon Support, 1956; League of Women Voters; Institute for American Democracy, 1967
15. Pamphlets "Looking Toward a Sound Fiscal Policy"; "The Needle's Eye"; "Tax Facts and Figures"; "The NRAG Papers"
16. Paradise Dam Testimonies and Legal Papers, 1958-1959
17. Paradise Dam Publications, 1958-1959
18. Paradise Dam Clippings, 1958-1959
19. The People's Voice Investigation by David Rankin for National Farmers's Union Service Corporation
20. The People's Voice Correspondence, 1940-1945
21. The People's Voice Correspondence, 1947-1948
22. The People's Voice Correspondence, 1951-1953, 1965
23. The People's Voice Clippings, 1949, 1960-1966
Box 11
1. The People's Voice, February to June 1963
2. The People's Voice, July 1963 to April 1964
3. Plains Nuclear Power Plant Correspondence and Publications, 1965-1968
4. Plains Nuclear Power Plant Clippings, 1967-1969
5. Poverty, 1965
6. Proposed Northern Tier Pipeline, 1978-1980
7. Sales Tax Correspondence, May 10-12, 1971
8. Sales Tax Correspondence, May 13-21, 1971
9. Sales Tax Correspondence, May 26-31, 1971
10. Sales Tax Correspondence, June 1-7, 1971
11. Sales Tax Correspondence, June 8-30, 1971
12. Sales Tax Correspondence, July 1-13, 1971
13. Sales Tax Correspondence, July 14-31, 1971
14. Sales Tax Correspondence, August 1971
15. Sales Tax Correspondence, September 1971
16. Sales Tax Correspondence, October 1-12, 1971
17. Sales Tax Correspondence, October 13-21, 1971
18. Sales Tax Correspondence, October 22-31, 1971
19. Sales Tax Correspondence, November 1971
20. Sales Tax Correspondence, December 1971
21. Sales Tax Correspondence, 1972, 1981
22. Sales Tax Donations and Publications, 1971
23. Sales Tax Clippings, 1955, 1971
24. Slot Machines, 1948-1949
25. Social Security, 1981-1982
26. Taxation Clippings, 1971-1977
27. Thunder on the Right Correspondence and Publications, 1954-1961
28. Thunder on the Right Clippings, 1949, 1953-1963
Box 12
1. United States Congress Roll Call Votes, 1963
2. Up With People, 1967
3. The Vigilant Citizen (Sidney) June 1961 to January 1962; The Western Voice September 1961
4. Voting Record Pamphlets, 1957-1961
5. Voting Record Pamphlets, 1963-1969
6. Voting Record, 1948-1983
7. "Wheeling" Contracts, 1951-1952
8. Young Americans for Freedom Correspondence, 1959-1963
9. Young Americans for Freedom Newsletters, November 1961 to March 1962
10. Young Americans for Freedom Newsletters, April to October 1962
11. Young Americans for Freedom Newsletters, December 1962 to May 1963
12. Young Americans for Freedom Newsletters, May to December 1963
13. Young Americans for Freedom Newsletters, January 1964 to February 1965
14. Young Americans for Freedom Clippings, 1961-1965

Contents | Special Collections

Series 5: Individuals, 1947-1984

Like the subject headings, the Billings gathered information on several individuals in Montana. This series contains correspondence and clippings about major personalities in Montana. Billings also collected the papers of Colonel Jerome G. Locke which includes his correspondence. Of special interest in this series are letters written by national government officials such as John F. Kennedy, Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey, and Jeanette Rankin. Letters written by Montana leaders such as Mike Mansfield, Lee Metcalf, John Melcher, Burton K. Wheeler, and James E. Murray as well as from several Montana governors are also included in this series.

Box 12 (cont.)
15. Governor Tim Babcock Young Americans for Freedom and United States Day in Montana, 1963-1965
16. Governor Tim Babcock Clippings, 1962-1966
Box 13
1. Governor John W. Bonner Letters, May 1951
2. Dorothy Bradley Correspondence, 1977-1983
3. Frank Church; Orvin Fjare
4. Joseph M. Dixon, Clippings about his death, 1975
5. Dorothy Floerchinger Correspondence, 1972; Speech 1962
6. Governor Sam C. Ford Letter, July 7, 1947
7. Edmund L. Freeman Correspondence and Clippings, 1960, 1974-1977
8. Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey Letter, April 1, 1965
9. John Jarussi Correspondence and Clippings, 1962
10. Governor Tom Judge Letters, 1973-1974, 1977
11. Governor Tom Judge Clippings, 1965-1975
12. John F. Kennedy Letter, March 15, 1959
13. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Biographical notes by Harry L. Billings; Correspondence, 1947-1949
14. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, January to June 1950
15. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, July to December 1950
16. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, January to March 1951
17. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, April to June 1951
18. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, July to September 1951
19. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, October to November 1951
20. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Correspondence, 1952-1954
21. Colonel Jerome G. Locke Pamphlets, "A Sign of the Times"; "Conclusions"
22. Senator Mike Mansfield Letters, 1950, 1959, 1963, 1969
23. Lowndes Maury, Correspondence about, 1974-1981
24. Senator John Melcher Letters, 1969-1983
25. Senator John Melcher Clippings, 1976-1979
26. Perry Melton; Mel Hoy, 1947, 1978, 1983
27. Senator Lee Metcalf Letters, 1958-1972
28. Senator James E. Murray Letters, 1959-1960
29. Thomas Payne: "Interest Groups in Montana" 1984
30. Governor Ted Schwinden Letters, 1981-1982
31. Ernest Salvas Correspondence and Clippings, 1955, 1963-1966
32. Jeanette Rankin Letters, May 1973
33. Jeanette Rankin Clippings and Articles, 1972-1980
34. Sharon Van Quill: Paper on Dan Smoot
35. Dan Whetstone Correspondence and Clippings, 1946-1964
36. Senator Burton K. Wheeler Letter, June 19, 1956
37. Senator Burton K. Wheeler: "Meet the Press" transcript, December 31, 1945
38. Anita Wilford Correspondence, 1967-1968
39. Anita Wilford: "The People's Voice: Crusader for More Rigid Control of the Montana Power Company"

Contents | Special Collections

Series 6: The Right Wing, 1948-1968

Of particular interest to the Billings and a large portion of their research dealt with the Right Wing, especially the John Birch Society. This series contains correspondence about the right wing and research material about their activities. All of Box 15 contains clippings about the radical right.

Box 14
1. Right Wing Correspondence, 1948-1950; "Smear" groups
2. Right Wing Correspondence, 1962
3. Right Wing Correspondence, 1963
4. Right Wing Correspondence, 1964
5. Right Wing Correspondence, 1965
6. Right Wing Articles and Publications, 1962
7. Right Wing Articles and Publications, 1963
8. Right Wing Articles and Publications, 1964
9. Right Wing Articles and Publications, 1965
10. Right Wing Articles and Publications, 1966
11. Right Wing Against Organized Labor, 1966
12. Right Wing, American Legion, 1947-1952
13. Right Wing John Birch Society, 1959 to April 1961
14. Right Wing John Birch Society, May 1961 to 1963
15. Right Wing Notes about Montana Power, Cattlemen Association, Attack on Dr. Borden at MSU in Missoula, 1964
16. Right Wing Sidney Anti-Communist Movement Correspondence, 1959-1966
17. Right Wing Sidney Anti-Communist Movement Clippings, 1948-1964
18. Right Wing Background Material Clippings
Box 15
1. Right Wing Clippings, 1950,1960
2. Right Wing Clippings, 1961 (The People's Voice response, 1963)
3. Right Wing Clippings, 1961 (used again in 1964)
4. Right Wing Clippings, January to April 1961
5. Right Wing Clippings, May to December 1961
6. Right Wing Clippings, January to February 1962
7. Right Wing Clippings, March to December 1962
8. Right Wing Clippings, 1963
9. Right Wing Clippings, 1964
10. Right Wing Clippings, 1965
11. Right Wing Clippings, 1966
12. Right Wing Clippings, 1967-1968

Contents | Special Collections

Series 7: Group Research, Incorporated, 1961-1967

This series contains the directory compiled by Group Research, Incorporated. The directory was designed to provide journalists, organization leaders, public officials, and others with reference information on radical groups and individuals. It is divided into four sections: Organizations, Individuals, Publications, and Special Reports.

Box 16
1. Group Research Directory Information, Organizations List
2. Group Research Organizations, A to American Good Government
3. Group Research Organizations, American Opinion to Association
4. Group Research Organizations, B to Commission
5. Group Research Organizations, Committee to D
6. Group Research Organizations, F
7. Group Research Organizations, H-I
8. Group Research Organizations, John Birch Society
9. Group Research Organizations, John Birch Society Clippings, 1961-1965
10. Group Research Organizations, L
11. Group Research Organizations, M-N
12. Group Research Organizations, O-Y
13. Group Research Individuals, Index
14. Group Research Individuals, A-C
15. Group Research Individuals, D-G
16. Group Research Individuals, H-J
17. Group Research Individuals, K-M
18. Group Research Individuals, N-P
19. Group Research Individuals, R-S
20. Group Research Individuals, T-Z
Box 17
1. Group Research Publications, Bibliography to G
2. Group Research Publications, H-L
3. Group Research Publications, M-W
4. Group Research Special Reports, #1-6
5. Group Research Special Reports, #7-11
6. Group Research Special Reports, #12-13
7. Group Research Special Reports, #16-17, 19
8. Group Research Reports, 1962
9. Group Research Reports, 1963
10. Group Research Reports, 1964-1965
11. Group Research Reports, 1966
12. Group Research Reports, 1967-1968

Contents | Special Collections

Series 8: Photographs and Audio Recordings, 1948-1974

This series contains photographs and audio recording collected by the Billings. The bulk of the photographs were printed in The People's Voice, but the people and events are unidentified here. Most of the audio recordings are speeches Harry and Gretchen made in conjunction with The People's Voice and speeches made by Henry A. Wallace during his presidential candidacy in 1948.

Box 18
1. Photographs, #1-10
    #1-2 unidentified charter presentation
    #3-4 unidentified conference
    #5-10 unidentified people
2. Photographs, #11-20
    #11-17 unidentified people
    #18-20 Gretchen Billings
3. Photographs, #21-29
    #21 Gordon Twedt and Gretchen Billings
    #22 James Umber, Joyce Hrovda, Joe Crosswhite in front of Montana AFL-CIO building
    #23 Friends of Jerome G. Locke
    #24 oil well, circa 1925
    #25 aerial view of city
    #26 billboard to impeach Earl Warren
    #27 close-up of billboard to impeach Earl Warren
    #28 Farmer's Union Insurance road sign with communist hammer and sickle spray painted on it, outside of Sidney, Montana
    #29 Farmer's Union Insurance road sign with communist hammer and sickle spray painted on it, outside of Sidney, Montana
4. Audio Recordings, Legislative Broadcast, Gretchen Billings, January 26, February 10, 1957
5. Audio Recordings, Final Legislative Boradcast, Gretchen Billings, March 2-3, 1957
6. Audio Recordings, Legislative Broadcast, Gretchen Billings, no date
7. Audio Recordings, The People's Voice Comment; Comments Concerning The People's Voice, R. E. Davis
8. Audio Recordings, Mort Borden, MSC, March 1963 (2 tapes)
9. Audio Recordings, Lyman Brewster; John F. Kennedy: Highlights of Speeches
Box 19
1. Audio Recordings, Montana Looks to the Future: Indians of Montana, Sister Providencia; Plains, December 28, 1963
2. Audio Recordings, Harry L. and Gretchen Billings: Interview with Steve Kelly, November 18-19, 1974 (tapes 1-3)
3. Audio Recordings, Harry L. and Gretchen Billings: Interview with Steve Kelly, November 18-19, 1974 (tapes 4-6)
4. Audio Recordings, KMON and KCAP Radio, 1961-1962
5. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Speeches, 1948
6. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Speeches, 1948
7. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 1-2
8. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 3-4
9. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 5-6
10. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 7-8
11. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 9-10
12. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 11-12
13. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 13-14
14. Audio Recordings, Henry A. Wallace Convention, 15-20
Oversized folder
This folder contains information from series 5, certificates of Jerome G. Locke, including his appointed certificated signed by President Taft. It also contains a map out of series 4 of the Columbia River Basin.

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Updated: 5/23/13