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Collection 1069 - Zales N. Ecton Papers, 1947-1953

Creator: Ecton, Zales N. (Zales Nelson), 1898-1961

Provenance Note: Mrs. Zales Ecton, Sr. donated Senator Zales N. Ecton's political files, covering his term as a U.S. Senator (1947-1953), in the spring of 1969.

Historical Note: Zales N. Ecton, born in Iowa April 1, 1898, moved to Montana at age nine. He received his public education in the local schools. After graduation, he attended Montana State College. When the country entered World War 1, Ecton volunteered for training in the Student Army Training Corps. After the war, Ecton completed his education at the University of Chicago Law School. Ecton entered politics in 1932, running for office as a State Representative from Gallatin County. He served in the Montana House of Representatives for four years and in the Montana Senate for ten years. From 1947-1953, Ecton was a U.S. Senator, the first Republican elected by popular vote in Montana. As a Senator, Ecton served on the Senate Appropriations Committee, the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, the Committee on the United States Post Office and Civil Service, and the Committee on Public Lands. Ecton lost the 1952 election to Mike Mansfield. He returned to Montana and resided in Bozeman until his death in 1961.

Content Description Note: The Ecton Collection contains information pertaining to Ecton's position as a U.S. Senator. Within this collection are nineteen series that follow closely to the original order put together by Ecton and his staff. The contents section and the series description of this finding aid provides a more thorough breakdown of each series. In general, the collection covers political issues at a state and national level. The topics range from correspondence, reclamation, communism and socialism, agriculture and the Brannon plan, and political opposition. There is also information dealing with other important governmental figures of the time: Senator Joseph McCarthy, General Douglas MacArthur, and others. The collection offers an overview of political history from 1947-1953.

Contents

Series 1 Correspondence, 1947-1953
Series 2 Office Personnel and Office Space, 1947-1952
Series 3 Invitations, 1947-1952
Series 4 Congressional Records, 1949-1952
Series 5 Federal Issues, 1948-1952
Series 6 Agriculture and Natural Resources,1948-1952
Series 7 Valley Authorities, 1947-1952
Series 8 Republican Party Material, 1947-1952
Series 9 Republican Party--Montana, 1948-1952
Series 10 Montana, 1948-1952
Series 11 Mike Mansfield, 1948-1952
Series 12 Native Americans, 1948-1952
Series 13 Communism and Socialism, 1948-1952
Series 14 Government Men, 1948-1952
Series 15 General Information, 1948-1952
Series 16 Scrap Collection, 1948-1952
Series 17 Photographs
Series 18 Scrapbook Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1947-1953

The correspondence was mainly between Senator Ecton, his office staff, and constituents in Montana. The topics ranged from reclamation, communism, atomic energy, and a host of other political concerns. Generally, Ecton responded to each letter, and the response and the original letter are within the same file. The order of this series is chronological and alphabetical within each corresponding year except 1953, where all correspondence is in one file. Also, the correspondence in 1947 does include some correspondence from 1946.

Box 1
1. Correspondence--A, 1947
2. Correspondence--B, 1947
3. Correspondence--C, 1947
4. Correspondence--C, 1947
5. Correspondence--D,E, 1947
6. Correspondence--F, 1947
7. Correspondence--G, 1947
8. Correspondence--G, 1947
9. Correspondence--H, 1947
10. Correspondence--H, 1947
11. Correspondence--I, 1947
12. Correspondence--I, 1947
13. Correspondence--J, 1947
14. Correspondence--K, 1947
15. Correspondence--L, 1947
16. Correspondence--M, 1947
17. Correspondence--M, 1947
18. Correspondence--N, 1947
19. Correspondence--O, 1947
20. Correspondence--P, 1947
21. Correspondence--Q, 1947
22. Correspondence--R, 1947
23. Correspondence--R, 1947
24. Correspondence--S, 1947
25. Correspondence--S, 1947
26. Correspondence--S, 1947
27. Correspondence--T, 1947
28. Correspondence--V, 1947
29. Correspondence--W, 1947
30. Correspondence--W, 1947
31. Correspondence--Y,Z, 1947

Box 2
1. Correspondence--A, 1948
2. Correspondence--B, 1948
3. Correspondence--C, 1948
4. Correspondence--D, 1948
5. Correspondence--E, 1948
6. Correspondence--F, 1948
7. Correspondence--G, 1948
8. Correspondence--G, 1948
9. Correspondence--H, 1948
10. Correspondence--H, 1948
11. Correspondence--H, 1948
12. Correspondence--I, 1948
13. Correspondence--J,K, 1948
14. Correspondence--L, 1948
15. Correspondence--M, 1948
16. Correspondence--N, 1948
17. Correspondence--O, 1948
18. Correspondence--P, 1948
19. Correspondence--R, 1948
20. Correspondence--S, 1948
21. Correspondence--S, 1948
22. Correspondence--T, 1948
23. Correspondence--W, 1948
24. Correspondence--Y,Z, 1948
25. Correspondence--A, 1949
26. Correspondence--B, 1949
27. Correspondence--C, 1949
28. Correspondence--D, 1949
29. Correspondence--E, 1949
30. Correspondence--F, 1949
31. Correspondence--G, 1949
32. Correspondence--H, 1949

Box 3
1. Correspondence--I, 1949
2. Correspondence--J, 1949
3. Correspondence--K, 1949
4. Correspondence--L, 1949
5. Correspondence--M, 1949
6. Correspondence--N, 1949
7. Correspondence--O, 1949
8. Correspondence--P, 1949
9. Correspondence--Q, 1949
10. Correspondence--R, 1949
11. Correspondence--S, 1949
12. Correspondence--T, 1949
13. Correspondence--U,V,W,X,Y,Z, 1949
14. Correspondence--A, 1950
15. Correspondence--B, 1950
16. Correspondence--C, 1950
17. Correspondence--D, 1950
18. Correspondence--E, 1950
19. Correspondence--F, 1950
20. Correspondence--G, 1950
21. Correspondence--H, 1950
22. Correspondence--I, 1950
23. Correspondence--J, 1950
24. Correspondence--K, 1950
25. Correspondence--L, 1950

Box 4
1. Correspondence--M, 1950
2. Correspondence--N, 1950
3. Correspondence--O, 1950
4. Correspondence--P,Q, 1950
5. Correspondence--R, 1950
6. Correspondence--S, 1950
7. Correspondence--T, 1950
8. Correspondence--U,V,W, 1950
9. Correspondence--X,Y,Z, 1950
10. Correspondence--A, 1951
11. Correspondence--B, 1951
12. Correspondence--C, 1951
13. Correspondence--D, 1951
14. Correspondence--E, 1951
15. Correspondence--F, 1951
16. Correspondence--G, 1951
17. Correspondence--H, 1951
18. Correspondence--I, 1951
19. Correspondence--J, 1951
20. Correspondence--K, 1951

Box 5
1. Correspondence--L, 1951
2. Correspondence--M, 1951
3. Correspondence--M, 1951
4. Correspondence--N, 1951
5. Correspondence--O, 1951
6. Correspondence--P, 1951
7. Correspondence--Q,R, 1951
8. Correspondence--S, 1951
9. Correspondence--T, 1951
10. Correspondence--U,V, 1951
11. Correspondence--W, 1951
12. Correspondence--X,Y,Z, 1951
13. Correspondence--A, 1952
14. Correspondence--B, 1952
15. Correspondence--B, 1952
16. Correspondence--B, 1952

Box 6
1. Correspondence--C, 1952
2. Correspondence--D, 1952
3. Correspondence--E, 1952
4. Correspondence--F, 1952
5. Correspondence--G, 1952
6. Correspondence--H, 1952
7. Correspondence--H, 1952
8. Correspondence--H, 1952
9. Correspondence--I, 1952
10. Correspondence--J, 1952
11. Correspondence--K, 1952

Box 7
1. Correspondence--L, 1952
2. Correspondence--M, 1952
3. Correspondence--M, 1952
4. Correspondence--N, 1952
5. Correspondence--0, 1952
6. Correspondence--P, 1952
7. Correspondence--Q, 1952
8. Correspondence--R, 1952
9. Correspondence--S, 1952
10. Correspondence--S, 1952
11. Correspondence--S, 1952
12. Correspondence--T, 1952

Box 8
1. Correspondence--U,V, 1952
2. Correspondence--W, 1952
3. Correspondence--W, 1952
4. Correspondence--W, 1952
5. Correspondence--X,Y,Z, 1952
6. Correspondence--All, 1953

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Office Personnel and Office Space, 1947-1952

This series covers details regarding Office Personnel and Office Space. Some of the correspondence includes individuals applying for a position on Ecton's staff. Other correspondence is between Ecton and staff members along with correspondence between staff members in Washington D.C. and staff members in Montana. The information encompassing Office Space generally follows the needs of setting up an office--renting and purchasing the necessary items for an office.

Box 8 (cont.)
7. Office Personnel, 1947
8. Office Personnel, 1947
9. Office Personnel, 1948
10. Office Personnel, 1949
11. Office Personnel, 1950
12. Office Personnel, 1951
13. Office Personnel, 1952
14. Office Space, 1947
15. Office Space, 1948
16. Office Space, 1949
17. Office Space, 1950
18. Office Space, 1951
19. Office Space, 1952

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Invitations, 1947-1952

This series includes invitations received by Senator Ecton during his term as a federal senator. His constituents in Montana often invited Ecton to attend a variety of functions. Serving in the capacity of a federal senator, Ecton also received many invitations centered around national interests. Those in charge of reclamation projects and military development occasionally asked Ecton to review the progress. Ecton also received an invitation to a dinner sponsored by Albert Einstein in an effort to clear the accusations of the un-American like conduct of Edward U. Condon.

Box 9
1. Invitations, 1947
2. Invitations, 1947
3. Invitations, 1947
4. Invitations, 1947
5. Invitations, 1947
6. Invitations, 1948
7. Invitations, 1948
8. Invitations, 1948
9. Invitations, 1948
10. Invitations, 1948
11. Invitations, 1948
12. Invitations, 1948
13. Invitations, 1948
14. Invitations, 1948
15. Invitations, 1948
16. Invitations, 1949
17. Invitations, 1949
18. Invitations, 1949
19. Invitations, 1949
20. Invitations, 1949

Box 10
1. Invitations, 1949
2. Invitations, 1949
3. Invitations--1950
4. Invitations--1950
5. Invitations--1951
6. Invitations--1951
7. Invitations--1952
8. Invitations--1952

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: Congressional Records, 1949-1952

This series is simply a collection of Congressional Records and covers a variety of issues brought before the congress between 1949 and 1952.

Box 11
1. Congressional Records, 1949
2. Congressional Records, 1949
3. Congressional Records, 1950
4. Congressional Records, 1950
5. Congressional Records, 1950
6. Congressional Records, 1951
7. Congressional Records, 1951
8. Congressional Records, 1951
9. Congressional Records, 1951

Box 12
1. Congressional Records, 1951
2. Congressional Records, 1951
3. Congressional Records, 1951
4. Congressional Records, 1951
5. Congressional Records, 1952
6. Congressional Records, 1952
7. Congressional Records, 1952
8. Congressional Records, 1952

Contents | Special Collections

Series 5: Federal Issues, 1948-1952

This series is a compilation of political issues, ranging from state affairs, national affairs, and international affairs. Some of the files are specific to Ecton's activities in Washington D.C., yet other files include a summary of the Hiss Trial, federal finances, and many other political concerns during Ecton's time in Washington D.C.

Box 13
1. Taft-Hartley Act
2. Reorganization Plans, 1950-1952
3. Public Work Funds Granted, 1947-1952
4. Projects, 1947-1952
5. Civilian Nominations since 1947, Montana
6. Republican Administration Assistants and Executive Secretaries Association
7. Related Bills
8. Patronage
9. Interior and Insular Affairs
10. Harvey Machine Company--John P. Saylor
11. The Hiss Trial--Mundt
12. MacArthur's Cleveland Address
13. Why Prices Are High--Sanborn-Ecton
14. Repeal of Oleomargine Taxes--Ecton
15. Government by Law, Not by Men--Ecton
16. Why Tax the Cost of Sickness--Ecton
17. The Great Question before Senate--Ecton
18. Ecton Activities, 1947-1952
19. Congressional Speeches--Ecton
20. Ecton Bills (except Indian Bills), 80th, 81st, 82nd Congresses
21. Ecton Votes for Reduced Appropriations, 80th-82nd Congresses
22. Washington Office Cases--Ecton
23. Washington Office Cases--Ecton

Box 14
1. Repeal of McCarran Internal Security Act
2. Funds--Treasury and Post Office Departments
3. Party Platforms
4. Veterans
5. Senator George D. Aiken
6. 81st and 82nd Congresses
7. Federal Finance
8. Finance--Mainly Ecton
9. Finance--Mainly Ecton
10. Federal Finance

Box 15
1. Federal Finance
2. Foreign Affairs
3. Foreign Affairs
4. Dr. Manfred Zapp--Germany
5. Foreign Policy
6. Foreign Policy
7. The Korean Crisis--Taft
8. News Bulletins, 1951
9. News Bulletins, 1951
10. News Bulletins, 1951
11. News Bulletins, 1952
12. News Bulletins, 1952
13. News Bulletins, 1952

Contents | Special Collections

Series 6: Agriculture and Natural Resources, 1948-1952

This series contains some information regarding the Brannon Plan, and correspondence between Ecton and his constituents related to the Brannon Plan. Additional information discusses natural resources and the importance of natural resources for the future of the country

Box 16
1. Agriculture-Brannon Plan--Correspondence
2. Agriculture-Brannon Plan--Correspondence
3. Agriculture-Brannon Plan--Correspondence
4. Agriculture-Brannon Plan--Correspondence
5. Agriculture-Brannon Plan
6. Agriculture--General
7. Agriculture--General
8. Agriculture--General
9. Defense Mobilization and Price Control
10. Defense Mobilization and Price Control
11. Defense Mobilization and Price Control
12. StockPile Report--Nation's Resources
13. Resources for Freedom

Contents | Special Collections

Series 7: Valley Authorities, 1947-1952

This series mainly deals with Valley Authorities, including the Missouri Valley Authority and Columbia Valley Authority. Some files include correspondence concerning the Valley Authorities. Valley Authority bills and power utilities are also part of this series along with a statement from Harold Ickes and Floyd Dominy's resume.

Box 17
1. M.V.A., 1947
2. M.V.A., 1948
3. M.V.A., 1948
4. M.V.A., 1948
5. M.V.A., 1949
6. M.V.A., 1949
7. M.V.A., 1949
8. M.V.A., 1949
9. M.V.A., 1949
10. M.V.A., 1950
11. C.V.A., 1949
12. C.V.A., 1950
13. V.A.--Correspondence, 1949
14. V.A.--Correspondence, 1949
15. V.A.--Correspondence, 1950
16. V.A., 1950-1951

Box 18
1. V.A. Bills
2. V.A. General
3. V.A. General
4. V.A. General
5. V.A. Memorandums
6. V.A. Memorandums
7. Statement of Harold L. Ickes--C.V.A.
8. Bureau of Reclamation--Floyd E. Dominy
9. Power Utilities--Montana Power
10. Power Utilities--Montana Power
11. Power Utilities--Montana Power
12. Power Utilities
13. Power Utilities
14. Power Utilities

Contents | Special Collections

Series 8: Republican Party Material, 1947-1952

This series contains a variety of information dealing with the Republican Party mainly at a National level. Speech material and campaign issues are part of this series, including Ecton's "The Meaning of Things"--a collection of papers written by Ecton, explaining his perspective of the state of affairs. Part of this series also details Republican activity in certain committees, which generally deals with their opposition, the Democrats.

Box 19
1. Republican Convention, 1947
2. Republican Campaign, 1948
3. Republican Campaign, 1948
4. Republican Campaign, 1948
5. Republican Campaign, 1948
6. Republican Campaign, 1948
7. Republican Campaign, 1948
8. Republican Campaign, 1948
9. Republican Campaign, 1948
10. Republican Campaign, 1948
11. Republican Campaign, 1948
12. Republican Campaign, 1948
13. Republican Campaign, 1948
14. Republican Campaign, 1948
15. Republican Campaign, 1948
16. Republican Campaign, 1948
17. Republican Campaign, 1948
18. Republican Campaign, 1949
19. Republican Campaign, 1950
20. Republican Campaign, 1950

Box 20
1. Republican Campaign, 1951
2. Republican Campaign, 1952
3. Republican Speech Material, 1947-1948
4. Republican Speech Material, 1949
5. Republican Speech Material, 1949
6. Republican Speech Material, 1950
7. Republican Speech Material, 1951
8. Republican Speech Material, 1951

Box 21
1. Republican Propaganda
2. News Release, 1948
3. News Release, 1949
4. "The Meaning of Things"--Ecton, 1950-1951
5. "The Meaning of Things"--Ecton, 1952
6. RedbookOur Worst Congressmen--Ecton
7. EctonNewspaper Clippings
8. Material for Ecton's Senator Pamphlet
9. Democratic Corruption
10. Democratic Corruption
11. Democratic Corruption
12. Democratic Corruption

Box 22
1. Minority Committee
2. Minority Committee
3. Minority Committee
4. Minority Committee
5. Minority Committee
6. Minority Committee
7. Resolutions Committee
8. Republican Senatorial Committee, 1949
9. Republican Senatorial Committee, 1950
10. Appropriations Committee
11. Committee Assignments, 1950
12. Committee Assignments, 1951
13. Republican National Committee

Contents | Special Collections

Series 9: Republican Party--Montana, 1948-1952

This series generally deals with the Republican Party in Montana and the campaign efforts involving Senator Ecton. Some of the files include information concerning committee members in Montana and their work regarding Ecton's campaign. Other files contain speeches made in Montana during Ecton's visits along with his itinerary. There is also general information regarding advertising and broadcasting.

Box 23
1. Republican State Central Committee
2. Montana Republican Committee men and women
3. Republican County Chairmen, Committee men, and committee women
4. Campaign's Key Men
5. Tabulation--Selected Election Returns
6. Ecton--Sectional Organization
7. Speeches to Montanans--Happenings in Washington
8. Campaign Speeches--Montana
9. Campaign Speeches--Montana
10. Ecton SpeechesMontana and Others
11. Ecton SpeechesMontana and Others

Box 24
1. Ecton for Senator Club
2. Campaign Letters and Wires
3. Campaign Letters and Wires
4. Ecton Campaign
5. Ecton Campaign
6. Ecton Campaign
7. Contributions
8. Campaign Contributions

Box 25
1. Broadcasting--Montana
2. Advertising and Publicity
3. Advertising and Publicity
4. Advertising and Publicity
5. Advertising and Publicity
6. Itinerary
7. Itinerary

Box 26
1. League of Women Voters
2. Address to Women's Republican Club at Butte-1951
3. People Requesting Favors from Ecton
4. People Requesting Favors from Ecton
5. Thank You Letters--Endorsements During Campaign
6. Co-operation Other Organizations
7. Co-operation Other Organizations
8. Plans and Staff Instructions--1952
9. Opposition Activities
10. Opposition Activities

Contents | Special Collections

Series 10: Montana--1948-1952

This series mainly contains a list of individuals, performing various occupations in Montana, such as the sheepmens' list, physicians' list, etc. Rules of Senate and House for Montana are also part of this series--1933, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941.

Box 27
1. Montana Labor Protest
2. Montana Events
3. 1952 Directory PMA Committeemen, Montana
4. Ministers' List--Montana
5. VFW List--Montana
6. Postal Clerks' List--Montana
7. Librarians' List--Montana
8. Physicians' List--Montana
9. Lawyers' List and Some County Employees--Montana
10. Labor Unions' List
11. Government Employees--Montana
12. Sheepmens' List--Montana
13. Civic Organizations
14. Bankers' List--Montana
15. American Legion List
16. Rules of Senate and House, Montana--1933, 1935, 1937
17. Rules of Senate and House, Montana--1939, 1941

Contents | Special Collections

Series 11: Mike Mansfield

This series mainly contains Mansfield's voting records, remarks, and legislation through 1948-1952. Ecton collected this data in preparation for his campaign against Mansfield in the 1952 election. Mansfield defeated Ecton.

Box 28
1. Mike Mansfield--General
2. Mansfield--China
3. Mansfield's Voting Record--80th Congress, 1st session
4. Mansfield's Voting Record--80th Congress, 2nd session
5. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--80th Congress, 1st Session
6. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--80th Congress, 2nd Session
7. Mansfield's Voting Record--81st Congress, 1st session
8. Mansfield's Voting Record--81st Congress, 2nd session
9. Mansfield's Remarks--81st Congress, 1st Session
10. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--81st Congress, 1st Session
11. Mansfield's Remarks--81st Congress, 2nd Session
12. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--81st Congress, 2nd Session
13. Mansfield's Voting Record--82nd Congress, 1st session
14. Mansfield's Voting Record--82nd Congress, 2nd session
15. Mansfield's Remarks--82nd Congress, 1st Session
16. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--82nd Congress, 1st Session
17. Mansfield's Remarks--82nd Congress, 2nd Session
18. Mansfield's Remarks and Legislation--82nd Congress, 2nd Session

Box 29
1. Voting Record--Mansfield
2. Voting Record--82nd Congress, 1st Session
3. Voting Record--82nd Congress, 2nd Session
4. Voting Record--General

Contents | Special Collections

Series 12: Native Americans

This series includes files pertaining to tubercular Indians and treatment at Galen Hospital. Also in this series are several Bill related to Indian affairs.

Box 29 (cont.)
5. Galen Hospital for Tubercular Indians
6. Indian Affairs
7. Indian Bills

Contents | Special Collections

Series 13: Communism and Socialism

This series contains information pertaining to Communism and Socialism. The Republican Party maintained an anti-communism and anti-socialism and most of the information reflects this agenda.

Box 30
1. Moscow's Master Plan
2. U.S. News--Communist Threat
3. "True"--George John Dawson--War Surplus and Communist Customers
4. Saturday Evening Post--Hiss Case
5. Anti- Communism and Socialism
6. Anti- Communism and Socialism
7. Anti- Communism and Socialism
8. Anti- Communism and Socialism
9. Minority Policy Committee-1952

Contents | Special Collections

Series 14: Government Men, 1948-1952

This series includes files regarding Senator McCarthy, Senator Martin, Congressman D'Ewart, and General MacArthur. Each file is specific to the person and contains a variety of information based on their role in the government. For instance, the McCarthy files provide some biographical discussion but also pertain to McCarthy's involvement in the federal government.

Box 31
1. Senator McCarthy
2. Senator McCarthy
3. Senator McCarthy
4. Senator Martin
5. Senator Martin
6. Senator Martin
7. Congressman D'Ewart
8. Congressman D'Ewart
9. General MacArthur

Contents | Special Collections

Series 15: General Information, 1948-1952

This series is a collection of general subject materials put together by Ecton and his staff. It ranges from newspaper clippings, speech material, congressional records, and more.

Box 32
1. General Information
2. General Information
3. General Information
4. General Information
5. General Information
6. General Information
7. General Information

Contents | Special Collections

Series 16: Scrap Collection, 1948-1952

This series is mainly newspaper clippings, covering a variety of topics. Some of the files are under specific names, but the content within the file is generally a newspaper clipping about the person, such as the Eisenhower file.

Box 33
1. Copper and Civilization
2. Miscellaneous
3. Democratic Views
4. 81st Congress clippings
5. Clippings
6. Clippings
7. Dwight D. Eisenhower
8. Leif Erickson
9. Defense
10. Robert A. Taft
11. Bills
12. Henry J. Taylor
13. Harry S. Truman
14. James E. Murray
15. Gov. John Bonner
16. Bernard Baruch
17. Herbert Hoover

Contents | Special Collections

Series 17: Photographs

This series includes several photographs of Ecton, members of congress, and other events during Ecton's service as a federal senator. The last file contains some information regarding some of the photographs.

Box 34
1. Photographs #1-9
2. Photographs #10-20
3. Photographs #21-31; Photograph #22 removed and placed in oversize folder (enlarged picture of Ecton)
4. Letters Regarding Photographs

Contents | Special Collections

Series 18: Scrapbook Collection

This series contains one binder with congressional records for the 1st session of the 81st Congress and eight scrapbooks pertaining to Ecton and his service as a federal senator. Generally, the scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings linked to Ecton or other governmental issues during his time as a senator.

Box 35 Binder

Box 36 Scrapbook collection, 1-8

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 5/19/09