Understanding Information Exchange in Montana During the Digital Era Image of Laptop Man consuming and creating audio, visual, and textual information using laptop, tablet, smartphone, and newspaper.

“Like it or not, each of us is a news consumer -- which in today’s social turbulence means each of us is going to feel the mockery of disagreeable events all too often. But if the consumer lets the distaste and distress which come along with more agreeable information turn him from the news, he forfeits any chance to influence what’s happening in the world. It’s a costly forfeit."

Ivan and Carol Doig
News: A Consumer’s Guide (1972)


“With today's...overabundance...of information, you can fine tune it to whatever you really feel the world is like. And so what I think is happening, more and more people are choosing to be...self actualized with their news sources versus actually being educated. I think that the plethora of information that we have now...is sometimes almost a disservice...to the real truth that's going on. And it's really hard to know what exactly is going on.”

Timothy Lee “Buck” Buchanan
Interview (2020)


In 1972, Ivan and Carol Doig co-authored, News: A Consumer’s Guide, a book to better familiarize average citizens with topics such as accuracy, viewpoint, and bias. The Doigs’ text provided an approachable guide to best reading and listening to the news. Although published nearly 50 years ago in a pre-Internet era, this text is surprisingly relevant to and useful for understanding our contemporary information environment.

Inspired by the Doigs’ book and built upon years of research about digital technology, information, and mindfulness, this project is uniquely Montanan, while also entirely relevant to contemporary America. Based upon findings from two statewide surveys and a series of interviews with “everyday Montanans”, this project illustrates how technology, infrastructure, and culture influence information accessibility, reliability, and shareability in Montana and beyond.

Click on an icon to learn more about the project’s background, survey results, interviews, and how this research led to a framework that can aid individuals, communities, and institutions in making more mindful decisions regarding the consumption and (re)creation of information.


Icon with outline of the state of Montana inside a television


Learn about the researcher, this project, and its inspiration in the collaborative writing of Ivan and Carol Doig

Icon of horizontal bar chart

Survey Data

Review results and data visualizations from two statewide surveys

Icon of traditional vintage microphone


Listen to audio recordings and download transcripts from interviews with "everyday Montanans"

Icon of a lotus flower


Discover how research results led to a framework that can aid individuals, communities, and institutions in making more mindful decisions regarding the consumption and (re)creation of information