mobile-friendly page | skip navigation

Montana State University in Bozeman Montana State University - Home Montana State University Library - Home

Accession 73039 - Department of Agicultural Economics Research Project Records, 1911-1963

Creator: Montana State College. Dept. of Agricultural Economics

Provenance Note: The records of the Department of Agricultural Economics were transferred to the University Archives in 1973.

Historical Note: The roots of the Agricultural Economics Department at Montana State University reach back to the Farm Management program in 1913. Classes in the beginning stages were instructed by E. L Currier, whose main priority was teaching basic accounting principles to working farmers after these practices were found to be deficient. With the passage of the Purnell Act in 1925, the college was granted much needed funds to begin a curriculum focusing on the agricultural economics field. Director Linfield dismantled the Farm Management Department and put this new field under the wing of the Experiment Station. Although M. L. Wilson was named its first head, actual leadership came from former M. S. C. president James Hamilton while Wilson finished up his graduate work at the University of Wisconsin. Once Mr. Wilson took charge of the department in 1925, he was not an instructor but a researcher with the Experiment Station. His projects, along with E. A. Starch, deal with transforming dry farming and making agriculture more profitable. Aside from his work on the "Fairway Farms project," Wilson also did a great deal of research to publish Dry Farming in the North Central Montana Triangle, Extension Service Bulletin 66 (Bozeman, Montana State College: June 1923). The study centered on an area roughly encompassed by Havre, Great Falls, and Cut Bank, Montana, and discussed the reasons for the success and failure of the region's farmers. Many of the Agricultural Economics faculty and staff assisted in gathering the data used for this report, and when Wilson left the University to take a post within the Roosevelt administration and E. A. Starch took over as Head of the Department in 1933, research projects on all aspects of Montana agriculture continued, not necessarily restricted to the "triangle" area.

Content Description Note: The Agricultural Economics Department Research Project Records are an extensive set of files which document the activities of various personnel in surveying and interpreting agricultural development in Montana. While some of the material may have been used by Wilson in preparing his 1923 publication, specifically those in Series 32, "Successful Farms," most of these research projects took place afterwards. The subjects of the various projects include rural housing, financing, dairy operations, rural electrification, meat trade, irrigation, and taxation. Investigators include Richard J. McConnen, Pius Weisgerber, Clive Harston, Laurence O. Baker, Jack R. Davidson, Roy E. Huffman, D.C. Myrick, Glenn H. Craig, Charles W. Loomer, M.E. Quenemoen, M.H. Saunderson Paul Pilati, W. Rehberg, and H. Walton. The records have been divided into 43 series titled with the project name.

Contents

Series 1 Economic study of hunting and fishing in Montana 1960-61
Series 2 Marketing Cooperatives Serving Livestock Industry, 1957-61
Series 3 Barley Prices, 1960-62
Series 4 Livestock Shrinkage, 1960-63
Series 5 Cooperative Grain Elevator Study, 1957-58
Series 6 Grain Storage and Handling Study, 1961-63
Series 7 Baker, Electric Power - Western Montana Stock Ranches, 1940-52
Series 8 Factors Influencing Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana, 1963
Series 9 Survey of Home Mortgage Lending, 1963
Series 10 Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions,1962-63
Series 11 Rural Problem Areas Survey, 1934
Series 12 Field Schedules, Bulletin 453
Series 13 Beet Labor Project, 1939
Series 14 Farm & Ranch Schedules 1950s or 60s
Series 15 Merchant & Dealer Schedules 1950s or 60s
Series 16 Shonkin Electric Line Study
Series 17 Schedules for Soil Conserving Practices
Series 18 Various Research Reports and Data
Series 19 Cooperative Elevator Study, 1939
Series 20 Collective Tenure, 1942
Series 21 Farm Security Administration Records—Summary
Series 22 Flathead Cream Marketings, 1953-54
Series 23 Deadman Basin Project (Irrigation) and others
Series 24 Blackfeet Ranching Study
Series 25 Craig Ranch Study, 1942
Series 26 Technical Committee — Tenure
Series 27 Sinclair Farm Record Analysis, 1923-39
Series 28 Dairy Study, 1957
Series 29 Cooperative Farm Management Study—Agricultural Economics Dept. and BAE
Series 30 Beaverhead County Survey, 1919
Series 31 Wibaux County Survey, 1919-20
Series 32 Successful Farms, 1921
Series 33 State Farmer Loans
Series 34 Farm Real Estate Mortgage and Foreclosure Study, 1911-1938
Series 35 Thesis Material for M.E. Quenemon, 1952
Series 36 Public Welfare reports for Ravalli County, 1930s
Series 37 Tax Delinquency Information, 1930s
Series 38 Breeding Improvement Work, 1928-1935
Series 39 Farm Account Project, 1925-1929
Series 40 Saunderson Projects, 1923-1938
Series 41 Land Pricing Study, 1957
Series 42 Farm Labor, 1942
Series 43 Farm Tax Data, 1920s-1933
Series 44 Foreclosure Data, 1900-1936

Series 1: Economic study of hunting and fishing in Montana 1960-61

Richard J. McConnen served as the principal investigator for this study. This series consists of memoranda, notes, tables of figures, handwritten description of the study, survey form, and statistical figures. The Economic Survey consists of a series of mimeographed tables with figures. No written summary of this study is present.

Box 1
1-21. R.J. McConnen, Economic Study

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Marketing Cooperatives Serving Livestock Industry, 1957-61

Pius Weisberger served as the principal investigator for this study. This contains no final report. Included are a research project statement, meeting memo, proposal on a regional project, a talk by Ira M. Stevens, and a paper on the marketing of lambs.

Box 1 (cont.)
22. Potentialities of Cooperatives In Assisting Montana Farms To Market Excess Grains Through Livestock

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Barley Prices, 1960-62

This series provides the name of no principal investigator nor does it contain a summary or final report. It includes handwritten notes, Federal Register reprints, a graph, barley shipments via rail for Montana, other railroad freight for 1960-61, a barley production/animal unit chart, and a price per bushel/bushels per animal chart.

Box 1 (cont.)
23. Barley Prices, 1960-62

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: Livestock Shrinkage, 1960-63

Clive Harston of Montana State College's Department of Agricultural Economics served as the principal investigator. Series 4 concerns loss of weight in livestock during shipment and its effects on market price received by western stock raisers. It contains pamphlets on the general topic of shrinkage, lambs, announcements, requests for copies and draft reviews, draft of circular, handwritten notes, other related papers and clippings, and field notes of interviews. The first and second of the planned series of three circulars (#s 220-222), "Cattle Shrinkage Depends on How You Market," "Cattle Shrinkage: Depends on Where, When and What You Market," are present in mimeographed form.

Box 1 (cont.)
24-29. Livestock Shrinkage, 1960-63

Contents | Special Collections

Series 5: Cooperative Grain Elevator Study, 1957-58

Clive R. Harston of Montana State College's Department of Agricultural Economics served as the principal investigator for this study. This series includes letters of suggestion that a study be done, letters pleading lack of funding for such a project, booklets/pamphlets on cooperative grain marketing and elevators, a final report form, an annual progress report form, and a research project statement. There is no final, full report in this series.

Box 1 (cont.)
30-31. Cooperative Grain Elevator Study, 1957-58

Contents | Special Collections

Series 6: Grain Storage and Handling Study, 1961-63

The principal investigator was Clive R. Harston of Montana State College's Department of Agricultural Economics. Items include a research project statement, notes, correspondence, and a study contract draft. There is no final report in this series.

Box 1 (cont.)
32. Grain Storage and Handling Study, 1961-63

Contents | Special Collections

Series 7: Electric Power - Western Montana Stock Ranches, 1940-52

The name of a Dr. Baker appears on one of the items. This may be Laurence O. Baker who was an assistant professor of Agronomy at this time. This series includes work tables, notes, charts, and survey forms. There is no final report in this series.

Box 1 (cont.)
33. Electric Power on Stockranches, Work Tables
34-42. Baker, Electric Power Study
43-45. Electric Power Use Records and User Permits
46-54. Baker, Electric Power Study
55-59. Electric Power Consumption Records and Annual Cost for Each Ranch in Electric Power Consumption Study
60-70. Baker, Electric Power Study
Box 2
1-29. Baker, Electric Power Study

Contents | Special Collections

Series 8: Factors Influencing Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana, 1963

This series consists of questionnaires, theses, and a final report, which appears as Montana Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 586. Principal investigators included Robert L. Sargent, graduate research assistant at MSC, Jack R. Davidson, Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Bozeman, and Lawrence A. Jones, agricultural economist, Economic Research ————, U.S.D.A. The purpose of this study was "to determine whether or not credit is as readily available for home building, remodeling or purchasing in rural areas as in the urban areas of Montana." Bulletin 586 is in Box 3, Folder 4. A mimeo of Robert L. Sargent's thesis, Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana has been removed from this collection since the thesis is available in MSU library. The series also includes a mimeo of "Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana," with some variation from the bulletin, in Box 3, Folders 5-8.

Box 2 (cont.)
30-70. Factors Influencing Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana, 1963
Box 3
1-10. Factors Influencing Availability of Rural Housing Credit in Montana, 1963

Contents | Special Collections

Series 9: Survey of Home Mortgage Lending, 1963

Principal investigators are not listed. This series includes survey forms presented to commercial bank real estate brokers, attorneys, and similar individuals, mortgage companies, agents, savings and loan associations in Montana, correspondence, and questionnaires.

Box 3 (cont.)
11-24. Survey of Home Mortgage Lending, 1963

Contents | Special Collections

Series 10: Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions, 1962-63

This series consists of survey forms labeled as "personal interview." Montana areas surveyed included, Butte, Billings, Dillon, Glendive, Great Falls, Havre, Kalispell, Shelby, and Sidney. Information on these forms includes the sex of the interviewee, meats purchased, shopping frequency, influences and habits, meat consumption during week, occupation, age, education, home when growing up, years in Montana, and income.

Box 3 (cont.)
25-80. Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions, 1962-63
Box 4
1-96. Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions, 1962-63
Box 5
1-90. Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions, 1962-63
Box 6
1-32. Factors Related to Consumer Meat Buying Decisions, 1962-63

Contents | Special Collections

Series 11: Rural Problem Areas Survey, 1934

This series includes surveys of Phillips, Prairie, and Yellowstone Counties. It comprises information on poor farms, delinquent children, housing, mortgages, grazing capacity, families on relief survey forms, aid applications, maps, county agent annual report, occupations, survey report forms, and ownership. A survey report for Phillips County is in Folders 40-44 and consists of charts, graphs, and tables. The Report on Survey of Prairie County is in Folders 61-66. A survey report for Yellowstone County is in Folders 74-75 with some tables missing.

Box 6 (cont.)
33-56. Rural Problem Areas Survey, Phillips, 1934
57-75. Rural Problem Areas Survey, Prairie, 1934

Contents | Special Collections

Series 12: Field Schedules, Bulletin 453, 1948

This includes schedules for "Farm Organization and Production Requirements in Selected Irrigated Areas," and is dated October 1948. Roy E. Huffman and D.C. Myrick served as principle investigators. Schedules include information on the area of owned and rented cropland, grazing, livestock, crop types, irrigation, crop rotation, fertilizer and manuring, farm labor, interfarm cooperation, mechanical and other innovations, machinery and equipment, and farm expenses and receipts.

Box 6 (cont.)
76-97. Field Schedules, 1948
Box 7
1-27. Field Schedules, 1948

Contents | Special Collections

Series 13: Beet Labor Project, 1939

Includes family schedules providing names of owners, farm location, numbers in family and household, nationality, beet acreage, division of earning, and notations. Solo Worker Schedules include owner or tenant name, numbers of workers, wage agreement, resident and migrant workers with nationalities, contracted acres, and notations.

Box 7 (cont.)
28-41. Beet Labor Project, 1939

Contents | Special Collections

Series 14: Farm & Ranch Schedules 1950s or 60s

Farm and ranch schedules include name, address, ages farm experience, supply center location and distance from farm, type of farming, how started in farming, land used in crop production, real estate indebtedness, production credit, machinery and improvement financing, attitudes, farm supply expenditures, family living expense, major farm improvements, livestock enterprises, and machinery and equipment.

Box 7 (cont.)
42-44. Farm & Ranch Schedules
Box 8
1-6. Farm & Ranch Schedules

Contents | Special Collections

Series 15: Merchant & Dealer Schedules 1950s or 60s

Merchant and Dealer Schedules provide information on location, type of merchandise, sales to farmers, farmer credit sales, interest charges and terms of repayment, credit extended on open account, basis for credit arrangements, credit terms on open account purchases, loss on open account credit, opinions on credit use, prefer cash or credit terms, sales vs. credit, and presence of credit department.

Box 8 (cont.)
7. Merchant & Dealer Schedules

Contents | Special Collections

Series 16: Shonkin Electric Line Study

This study includes a handwritten "Report on Economic Study of the Shonkin Extension of the Sun River Electric Coop" by L. Thompson (pages missing); various tables constructed from collected data; Summary Sheet—Farm Records which cover crop and land use, feed use, land, building, livestock, equipment, and credits and debts inventories, electric equipment, miscellaneous factors, and notes.

Box 8 (cont.)
8-9. Shonkin Electric Line Study

Contents | Special Collections

Series 17: Schedules for Soil Conserving Practices

These schedules include data about land location, name and address of owner, erosion, strip cropping, crop residues, use of permanent vegetative cover, renovating land in permanent cover, water facilities, diversion ditches for flood irrigation, windbreaks, contour furrows on pasture land, and effect on farm organization and management.

Box 8 (cont.)
10. Schedules for Soil Conserving Practices — Culbertson
11. Schedules for Soil Conserving Practices — Dutton

Contents | Special Collections

Series 18: Various Research Reports and Data

Includes information on numbers and acreages of wheat farms, combination farms, and stock ranches, seeded wheat acres, wheat yields, feed crops, animal units, and area summaries; progress in studies; agricultural policy material concerning requisitions, emergency war agencies, responsibilities of agencies, Northern Plains Regional Study, Northwest Regional Council, new research projects, Chronology of American Agriculture (1790-1940), and commodity reports; old frequencies; worksheets; resource productivity data; computation sheets; miscellaneous; dairy sales; crop types in counties; industrial incomes; income material; labor earnings; livestock industry; livestock income shares; experiment station financial report; livestock contributions; agricultural production; Canadian agriculture; wheat, hay, sugar beets, flax, potatoes, rye, barley, oats, corn horses, mules, cattle data; Northern Plains tenure; Montana plains type of farming; flax and tariff; range and livestock; ranch management and organization, farm records and accounts; forms for feeding records, farm business records, farm tractor records, farm inventory.

Box 8 (cont.)
12. Old Frequencies Area III
13. Inventories of Progress
14. Agricultural Policy Material
15. Old Frequencies Now Superceded, Area V
16. Work Sheets Area III
17-18. Resource Productivity on Dryland Crop Farms — Sampling Data
19. Computation Sheets for Area III
20. Miscellaneous Materials
21. Dairy Sales Distribution and Seasonal Variation — Flathead
22. C.R. 9 Carter
23. C.R. 9 Rosebud
24. Incomes Produced by Industries
25. Income Material
26. Economic Division Memos
Box 9
1. Alberta Data
2. Marketing Act, 1934-35
3. Labor Earnings
4. Manuscript: Income Study
5. Manuscript: Livestock Income Shares
6. Manuscript: Livestock Industry
7. Financial Report: Montana State College, Montana Experiment Station, 1932-33
8. Livestock Contributions
9. Assessments
10. Agricultural Income and Production
11. Thesis, Alberta Drought Area
12. Canadian Agriculture
13. County and District Data
14. Northern Plains Tenure Manuscript and Letters
15. Northern Plains Tenure Manuscript (Final Draft) and Letters
16. Montana Great Plains Regional Map: Type of Farming
17. Flax and Tariff Changes, 1939
18. Northern Plains Tenure Committee Correspondence (Tootell)
19. Livestock and Range
20. Proposal for an Economic Study of Ranch Management and Organization in Montana
21. Record Forms

Contents | Special Collections

Series 19: Cooperative Elevator Study, 1939

Glenn H. Craig was the principal investigator for this study which covers areas in Canada and Montana. Numbers in parentheses represent the schedule numbers assigned to the original folders in this study. Data includes name and location of the elevator, corporate and cooperative features, management, membership, credit analysis, side lines and services, general information, assets, liabilities, grain, surplus analysis, shipping record, selected statistics, balance sheets, operating statements, comparative statistics, income, and sales. Box 10, Folder 18 contains "Preliminary Analysis of Farmer's [sic] Elevator Operations, 1937-1938."

Box 9 (cont.)
22. Dutton Farmers' Elevator Company (#81)
23. Farmers' Grain Exchange, Havre (#82)
24. Powers Farmers' Elevator Co. (#83)
25. Equity Cooperative Association, Brady (#84)
26. Equity Cooperative Association, Conrad, (#85)
27. Farmers' Cooperative Elevator Co., Denton (#86)
28. Farmers' Elevator and Trading Co., Fort Benton (#87)
29. Square Butte Elevator Co., Square Butte (#88)
30. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Joplin (#89)
31. Farmers Coop Co., Carter (#90)
32. Dutton Coop Assoc. (#91)
33. Union Elevator Co., Galata (#93)
34. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Inverness (#94)
35. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Ledger (#95)
36. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Rudyard (#96)
37. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Valier (#97)
38. Equity Supply Co., Kalispell (#98)
39. Equity Coop Assoc., Geraldine (#99)
40. Hingham Farmers' Elevator Co. (#100)
41. Equity Coop Assoc., Ulm (#101)
42. Equity Cooperative Association of Farmington (#102)
43. Farmers' Union Elevator Co., Chinook (#103)
44. Equity Cooperative Assoc., Inc., Harlem (#104)
Box 10
1. Equity Coop Assoc., Malta (#105)
2. Farmers Union Elevator Company, Glasgow (#106)
3. Nashua Farmers' Union Cooperative Elevator Company (#107)
4. Equity Cooperative Association, Wolf Point (#108)
5. Farmers' Elevator Company, Culbertson (#109)
6. Farmers' Union Grain Terminal Association, McCabe (#110)
7. Farmers' Elevator Company, Froid (#111)
8. Farmers' Elevator Company, Homestead (#112)
9. Farmers' Elevator Company, Reserve (#113)
10. Farmers' Grain and Shipping Company, Antelope (#114)
11. Farmers' Grain and Trading Company, Westby (#115)
12. Equity Cooperative Association, Raymond (#116)
13. Farmers' Elevator Company, Outlook (#117)
14. Farmers' Cooperative Grain and Mercantile Company, Flaxville (#118)
15. Farmers' Elevator Company, Scobey (#119)
16. Four Buttes Farmers' Elevator Company (#120)
17. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Peerless (#121)
18. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Richland (#122)
19. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Opheim (#123)
20. Farmers' Mercantile Elevator Company, Sidney (#124)
21. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Lambert (#125)
22. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Richey (#126)
23. Farmers' Union Elevator Company, Circle (#127)
24. Farmers' Union Cooperative Elevator, Savage (#128)
25. Wibaux Cooperative Elevator Company (#129)
26. Carlyle Farmers' Elevator Company (#130)
27. Farmers' Cooperative Association, Plevna (#131)
28. Equity Cooperative Association, Vananda (#132)
29. Molt Farmers' Elevator Company (#133)
30. Columbus Farmers' Elevator Company (#134)

Contents | Special Collections

Series 20: Collective Tenure, 1942

Includes original manuscript for "Collective Tenure in Montana" by Glenn H. Craig and Charles W. Loomer, the principle investigators for this study.

Box 10 (cont.)
31-33. Collective Tenure, 1941

Contents | Special Collections

Series 21: Farm Security Administration Records—Summary

Partial records summary provides some data for 1940 farm size, expenses, income, and resources.

Box 10 (cont.)
34. FSA Records—Summary, 1940

Contents | Special Collections

Series 22: Flathead Cream Marketings, 1953-54

Forms for Flathead County dairy farms including farmers' names, dairy sales distribution, and seasonal variation

Box 10 (cont.)
35. Flathead Cream Marketings, 1953-54

Contents | Special Collections

Series 23: Deadman Basin Project (Irrigation) and others

Provides information on operator names, investment costs, irrigation development and drainage costs, pasture development, reservoirs, dugouts, springs, wells, irrigation history, cattle, sheep, other livestock and products, machinery, labor, taxes, grazing, crop production and use.

Box 10 (cont.)
36-39. Deadman Basin Project (Irrigation) and others

Contents | Special Collections

Series 24: Blackfeet Ranching Study

Includes data concerning crops, pasture, non-farm income, loans, grazing practices, calf crop, cattle, sheep, swine, land valuation, ownership and land use, irrigated range and farmland, land tenure and production, rangeland cut for hay and value, family organization and farm-livestock practices, expenses, and livestock tabulation.

Box 10 (cont.)
40-41. Blackfeet Ranching Study

Contents | Special Collections

Series 25: Craig Ranch Study, 1942

Provides information related to Glen Craig's ranch study in the form of letters, budgets, manuscript drafts, and notes. No final manuscript is present.

Box 10 (cont.)
42. Craig Ranch Study, 1942

Contents | Special Collections

Series 26: Technical Committee—Tenure

Contains notes, and questions and statements on health, nutrition, medical care, size of unit, tenure, labor and migration, credit and taxation, and the conservation and use of forest resources, related to maximizing contributions to the war effort (WWII), special topics, and correspondence.

Box 10 (cont.)
43. Original Reports
44. Special Individual Topics

Contents | Special Collections

Series 27: Sinclair Farm Record Analysis, 1923-39

Box 10 (cont.)
45. Sinclair Farm Record Analysis, 1923-39

Contents | Special Collections

Series 28: Dairy Study, 1957

Proffers manuscript, "Dairy Production Alternatives in Western Montana," cost reducing, coding, articles, annual reports, progress reports, news clippings, "It's Your Business! Dairy Production Alternatives for Western Montana," data forms, notes, publications, analyses, dairy farm locations, land size and tenure, dairy size and type, labor, crop system, livestock system, other income, power, machines, equipment, farm expenses, husbandry, pasture management, breeding practices and cow replacement, dairy expenses, milk handling, dairy marketings, district maps, irrigation.

Box 11
1. "Dairy Production Alternatives in Western Montana," 1957
2. Dairy Study—Development of Coding Systems
3. Dairy Study—Annual Report on Research, 1955
4. Dairy Study—Code Sheets I-IV / Budget Forms
5. Dairy Study—Articles
6. Dairy Study—Notes on Progress Report, 1955
7. Dairy Study—News Releases
8. Dairy Study—Alternatives for Cream Producers
9. Dairy Study—Field Information, Sanders & Missoula Co.
10. Dairy Study—Field Data, Ravalli Co.
11. Dairy Study—Field Data, Lake Co.
12. Dairy Study—Field Data, Flathead Co.
13. Dairy Study—Notes & Tabulation Data, 1957
14. Dairy Study—IBM Analysis
15. Dairy Study—Publications, 1957
16. Dairy Study—Organizational Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Mountain Valleys (proposed), project statement and correspondence
17-18. Dairy Study—Production Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Montana (data forms)
19. Dairy Study—Ravalli Co. Marketings 0. Dairy Study—Lake Co. Marketings
21-22. Dairy Study—Production Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Montana (data forms)- Ravalli Co.
23. Dairy Study—Preliminary Analysis & Notes
24-26. Dairy Study—Production Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Montana (data forms)—Lake Co.
Box 12
1. Dairy Study—Tabulation Sheets, Lake Co.
2-4. Dairy Study—Production Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Montana (data forms)- Ravalli Co.
5. Dairy Study—Tabulation Sheets, Ravalli Co.
6. Dairy Study—Ravalli Co. Marketings
7. Dairy Study
8. Dairy Study—Lake Co. Marketings
9. Dairy Study—Soil Depleting and Conserving Crops
10. Dairy Study—Tabulation Sheets, Flathead Co.
11. Dairy Study—AAA District Maps
12. Dairy Study—Drought Maps (two maps removed for oversize storage; see curator for info)
13-15. Dairy Study—Schedules
16-20. Dairy Study—Production Alternatives on Dairy Farms in Western Montana (data forms)- Flathead Co.
21. Dairy Study—Farm Facts, 1953-55

Contents | Special Collections

Series 29: Cooperative Farm Management Study—Agricultural Economics Dept. and BAE

Study conducted by the Montana State College Agricultural Economics Department and the U.S. Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Gives operator names and locations of property, irrigation districts in Bitterroot Valley, buildings, machinery and equipment, livestock, tillage practices, map of farm with fields and crops, crops grown, irrigation, fertilization practices, labor, farm cost data, and farm income.

Box 13
1. Cooperative Farm Management Study
2. Bitterroot Drainage Material
3-5. Cooperative Farm Management Study

Contents | Special Collections

Series 30: Beaverhead County Survey, 1919

This series provides data from a survey of communities in Beaverhead County in 1919, including a summary sheet, community name, community dimensions, topography, post office names, number of rural routes and starting points, natural resources, chief income sources, irrigation, dry farming, tenants, owners, other industries and persons employed, relationship between businessmen and farmers, population in villages and open country, means of communication, community leadership, important institutions and organizations, newspapers, public libraries, social classes, community activities, social organizations and social life, church surveys with location, denominations, ministers, equipment, church floor plans, finance, membership numbers and occupations, meetings, parish, names of other white and negro churches, foreign population, Sunday school, other church organizations, special work, Jackson community photograph, and a two-page handwritten commentary on the survey.

Box 13 (cont.)
6. Beaverhead County Survey, 1919 (Map removed for oversize storage)

Contents | Special Collections

Series 31: Wibaux County Survey, 1919-20

Includes county summary, county name, population, other races and nationalities.

Box 13 (cont.)
7. Wibaux County Survey, 1919-20 8. Photographs

Contents | Special Collections

Series 32: Successful Farms, 1921

According to the inventory listing for this accession, this series may be part of Wilson's Triangle Study. Includes "Farm Survey Record" forms from the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station Department of Farm Management which provide information on the county, operator of farm, addresses, acres owned and rented, acres in various uses, crop records, livestock records and products, other income sources, feed and seed inventories, current expenses, machinery and equipment, real estate, farm finance, unpaid labor, and notes. Counties include Ravalli, Flathead, Yellowstone, Hill, Pondera, Liberty, Toole, Chouteau, Teton, Cascade, and Glacier. Forms for the cost of milk production provide data on grain fed and raised during the year, grain purchased during the year, pasture, buildings, insurance, veterinary, forage raised and fed during the year, forage purchased during the year, labor on cows, and products from cows. Counties represented include Ravalli, Yellowstone, and Flathead.

Box 13 (cont.)
9-14. Successful Farms, 1921

Contents | Special Collections

Series 33: State Farmer Loans

Provides information on state lands. Materials are arranged by county. Offers data concerning location, acres granted, patent, lands sold, easements and rights of way, and acreage retained by state. No report for this study is present.

Box 13 (cont.)
14-19. State Farmer Loans

Contents | Special Collections

Series 34: Farm Real Estate Mortgage and Foreclosure Study, 1911-1938

This study appears to have been conducted at the behest of the Federal Government, and covers the period between 1911 and 1938. According to a cover letter in one of the files, the compiler was H.V. Brown. The data for this study appears to have been gathered in 16 Montana counties, which were then used to present a state average. There is no final report with this series, although the USDA Farm Mortgage Recordings report for Montana is included.

Box 14
1. Cover letter and carbon for the initial study requirement. Also includes the "Real Estate Mortgage Summary" for 16 MT counties and other related data
2. 29 tables charting farm foreclosures.
3. Complete set of copies of items in folder 2 (better condition).
4. USDA Farm Mortgage recordings for Alabama through Nebraska.
5. USDA Farm Mortgage recordings - Nevada through Wyoming.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 35: Thesis Material for M.E. Quenemoen, 1952

This series consists of research materials used by M.E. Quenemoen for his thesis, "Economic aspects of water spreader developments on southeastern Montana ranches," done in 1952 on the subject of waterspreaders. Original research questionnaires, project notes, and other items are contained here. There is no final copy of the thesis but it is available in the Special Collections stacks.

Box 14 (cont.)
6. Diagram of water spreading system, blank research forms, project outline, and survey trip notes from June and July, 1952.
7. Eleven completed questionnaires.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 36: Public Welfare reports for Ravalli County, 1930s

Apparently compiled during the 1930s, these reports cover all people moving into the county since 1930. Information regarding all newcomers' occupations, health, place of origin, marital status, and so on is provided. Tables are extant for the period from May to August, 1939, although the entire 1930s period is covered in terms of arrival dates.

Box 14 (cont.)
8. Reports

Contents | Special Collections

Series 37: Tax Delinquency Information, 1930s

Apparently compiled in the 1930s, this series contains tax delinquency information for properties in both Ravalli and Missoula Counties. It includes lot location maps, lists of operators (farmers?) in Ravalli County, and information regarding both the amount of tax owed and how long the owner has been delinquent. Most are handwritten, and many contain pencilled notes. There is no final report with this series, or any real indication of this data's purpose or final use.

Box 14 (cont.)
1-9. Numbered lot maps for Ravalli County - possibly incomplete.
10. Numbered lot maps for Missoula County.
11. Lists titled "Ravalli County Operators" with notes and a list of grantees between 1921 and 1939.
12. Land descriptions.
13. Three different lists of delinquencies - none look to be complete.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 38: Breeding Improvement Work, 1928-1935

This project is dated 1929 in the original inventory, but correspondence extant in the files runs from 1928 through 1935. The basic thrust of this project, which seems to have been coordinated or overseen by Harriet Cushman, was to establish standards and certification for Montana poultry flocks in line with those used by the American Poultry Association. There is much information about certification standards, including some used in Washington State, but no final report.

Box 14 (cont.)
14. Accreditation correspondence. Includes a sample examination for the post of flock inspector, 1927 information about Washington State's program, and handwritten notes about a test flock and other flocks in Montana certified between February 1928 and April 1931.
15. Flock inspection records (1928) for Custer and Gallatin Counties.
16. Flock inspection records (1928) for Lewis & Clark, Missoula, Pondera, and Powell Counties.
17. Flock inspection records (1928) for Sweetgrass and Yellowstone Counties.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 39: Farm Account Project, 1925-1929

This project appears to have been geared towards gathering information about farm management and operations. Saunderson and Gilman are listed as the main authorities for the project, which was conducted in 1929. There is earlier information present, including crop records for 1925 and 1926. Records vary from farm summaries (containing expenses and profits) to complete records that include farm labor sheets and inventories. In the latter cases, cards are also present containing information about the farmer, his family, and any laborers present on the property. There is no final report with this series, or any indication as to the nature of the project itself. The mixed correspondence files seem to deal mostly with letters to county extension officers and are filed by the addressee's last name.

Box 14 (cont.)
18. Summary listing of farms circa 1926.
19. receipts and expenses for Stout, Daw Bros., Friberger, Spears, McKillop, Jaten, DeVore, Heck, Hendrickson, Neill Bros., Kynett, Mutchler, Ecton, and Riggen (1928).
20. Records for C.O. Stout's farm (Ballantine, MT) in 1926.
21. Records for H.D. Myrick's farm (Square Butte, MT) in 1929).
22. Records for Matt Reichmuth's farm (Denton, MT) in 1929.
23. Records for A. and P. Molendye's farm (Billings, MT) in 1929
24. Mixed forms (labor and inventory mostly) from Sherman, Riggen, Heck, Hardin, and Cruikshank farms.
25. 1928 records from Antler Land Co., W.C. Brinly, and H.A. Brizzee.
26. 1928 records from E.J. Burnworth, G. DeWitt.
27. 1928 records from Z. Ecton, C. Gilchrist.
28. 1928 records from H. Goldberg, W. Hardin.
29. 1928 records from C. Heeter, R. Hunbert, J.Johnson, V. Johnson, and a Judith Basin Summary. The Heeter records have photographs removed to the flat file.
30. 1928 records from V. Long, J. Miller, and A. Molendyk.
Box 15
1. 1928 records from O. Nelson, L. Passage.
2. 1928 records from L. Pharis.
3. 1928 records from M. Reichmuth.
4. 1928 records from G. Riggen, W. Ruffcorn.
5. 1927 and 1928 records from F. Spears.
6. 1928 records from Thulesan Bros., E. Windecker.
7. 1928 records from W. Vanover.
8. 1928 records from C. Wilbur.
9. Completed samples of the project forms.
10. Mixed correspondence filed under 'A' and 'B', plus something titled "Big Team Dope" and the original file listing.
11. Mixed correspondence filed under 'C'.
12. Mixed correspondence filed under 'D'.
13. Mixed correspondence filed under 'E-J.' There was no 'I'.
14. Mixed correspondence filed under 'K-L'.
15. Mixed correspondence filed under 'M'.
16. Mixed correspondence filed under 'N-P'.
17. Mixed correspondence filed under 'R'.
18. Mixed correspondence filed under 'S'.
19. Mixed correspondence filed under 'T-Z'.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 40: Saunderson Projects, 1923-1938

This series contains much information from a number of M.H. Saunderson's projects in the late 1930s. Prominent among them are a 1937-1938 range sheep study, a cooperative grazing document, soil conservation reports, drafts of two undated papers ("Some Questions of Policy in the Use and Management of Public Lands in the Eleven Western States" and "Agricultural Conservation Program from the Viewpoint of the Northwest Livestock Producer"), and a Farm Account Book from Alfred Anderson covering the period from 1923-1930. There is no indication of the purpose of the Anderson book, and no final reports are present for the range sheep study or the cooperative grazing and soil conservation projects. The agricultural conservation materials seem to be mostly from the USDA. Conservation program information tailored for Pondera County is featured, along with some information for Yellowstone County. There is also a Work Progress Authority memo and a copy of a Montana soil conservation law (HB 298) from 1937. The range survey data seems to come from 1937, and includes some cooperative grazing agreements and information.

Box 15 (cont.)
20. Anderson account book.
21. Carbon drafts of "Some Questions of Policy in the Use and Management of Public Lands in the Eleven Western States" and "Agricultural Conservation Program from the Viewpoint of the Northwest Livestock Producer" with pencilled corrections.
22. Memos from the Forest Service regarding a 1937 range survey and cooperative grazing agreements.
23. Agricultural Conservation Program information.
24. Miscellaneous items including WPA memo, county immigration results, and list of leased grazing land in the Ellis belt.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 41: Land Pricing Study, 1957

No final report for this study is contained in these records. The study seems to have been based on land sales conducted during June of 1957, although there are some earlier samples included in the voided surveys files. The study consisted of four types of interviews (Bidder, Buyer, Dealer, and Seller) conducted for land sales. The interview sheets are color-coded and further identified by county and a numeric code for each parcel of land sold. Most of the interviews were conducted by Paul Pilati, W. Rehberg, H. Walton, or Laurence (no initial was given for Laurence, which may be a first or last name). This series is organized by interview type, followed by county and then sale number. Not all the interviews are present in these records, as there are gaps between many of the numbers. A final file contains a copy of the "instructions for enumerators," a blank survey form, and notes covering three counties (Custer, Roosevelt, and Cascade) not included in the interviews. There is also an owners' survey for Golden Valley. Interview series marked with an asterisk are incomplete. The purpose of this study seems to have been to collect data regarding the price of land, reasons for buying and selling, and some occupational information about those involved.

Box 15 (cont.)
25. Bidder interviews for Fallon and Judith Basin counties.
26. Bidder interviews for Wibaux and Yellowstone counties.
27. Buyer interviews for Fallon County (1-8)
28. Buyer interviews for Fallon County (9B-16)
29. Buyer interviews for Fallon County (17-26)*
30. Buyer interviews for Judith Basin County (J1-J10)*
31. Buyer interviews for Judith Basin County (J11-J26)*
32. Buyer interviews for Prairie (1) and Wibaux (2-13)* counties.
33. Buyer interviews for Wibaux County (14-21B)*
34. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (103-115)*
35. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (116-136)*
36. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (137-147)*
Box 16
1. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (150-163)*
2. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (164-179)*
3. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (181-197)*
4. Buyer interviews for Yellowstone County (198-204)*
5. Dealer interviews for Judith Basin (7-17)* and Wibaux (19)* counties.
6. Dealer interviews for Yellowstone County (113-204)*
7. Seller interviews for Fallon County (1-24)*
8. Seller interviews for Judith Basin County (1-27)*
9. Seller interviews for Wibaux County (1-21)*
10. Seller interviews for Yellowstone County (104-146)*
11. Seller interviews for Yellowstone County (147-157)*
12. Seller interviews for Yellowstone County (164-173)*
13. Seller interviews for Yellowstone County (176-203)*
14. Voided buyer interviews
15. Voided buyer interviews
16. Voided seller interviews
17. Voided seller interviews
18. Miscellaneous file - includes evaluator instructions and material for counties that do not have interviews included in this Series.

Contents | Special Collections

Series 42: Farm Labor 1942

No final report or contextual documentation is included with this series. It consists of a number of questionnaires developed to record farm information (including labor, crops and livestock raised, hiring plans and preferences, information about the farm families, and so on) from 1941 and into 1942. The interviews were conducted during the summer of 1942 on around 300 Montana farms in a number of counties. The forms are numbered (except those marked for discard), but there appears to be no method for the numbering process. Questions on the forms include number of laborers, hiring preferences of the farmer (based on gender, town/vs farm origin, age, and racial groupings), available housing, use of employment service, labor statistics for workers and family members, crops/livestock raised during the study's period, location of the farm and its acreage, and so on. Labor figures and "Crop War Units" and "LWU's" are totaled on the accepted forms in colored pencil, but the series gives no indication as to the meaning of these markings. A set of interviewer instructions, a blank and completed example form, and a number of rejected forms are also included. Forms are rejected based on either the farmer's not farming in 1941 or incomplete entries (most often in the labor sections). The numeric system of the accepted forms has been preserved in this series.

Box 17
1. Instructions, sample forms, etc.
2-34. Forms 1-275 (missing 16,28,31,32,43,64,68,73)
Box 18
1. Disqualified forms - not on farm in 1941
2-7. Disqualified forms - incomplete information

Contents | Special Collections

Series 43: Farm Tax Data, 1920s-1933

There is no final report or authority with this data, which seems to have been gathered during the 1920s and up to about 1933. R.R. Renne was involved in at least some aspects of the data gathering, as his name appears on scattered correspondence in some of the files. Records include: Information on mill levies and taxes paid on selected property in the counties studied; correspondence relating to tax information from those counties; tabulated data regarding railroad tax monies and how they were used in selected counties. The data was originally packaged in folders divided into regions, and this separation has been roughly preserved. The original designations were Central District (there appear to have been two - one containing Fergus, Lewis & Clark, Cascade, and Petroleum counties and another containing Golden Valley and Musselshell counties), South East District (Custer and Rosebud counties), North West District (Missoula and Flathead counties), South West District (Madison, Gallatin, and Beaverhead counties), North East District (Dawson, McCone, Sheridan and Valley counties), South Central District (Carbon, Big Horn, Sweet Grass and Yellowstone counties), and North Central District (Hill, Teton, Chouteau, and Blaine counties). The railroad tax information is limited to 1933 and focuses mainly on its use for education.

Box 18 (cont.)
8-11. Farm tax data for Central 1 District
12-13. Farm tax data for South East District
14-15. Farm tax data for North West District
16-18. Farm tax data for South West District
19-22. Farm tax data for North East District
23-26. Farm tax data for South Central District
27-30. Farm tax data for North Central District
31-32. Farm tax data for Central 2 District
33. Railroad tax use data - apparently compiled by R. Renne

Contents | Special Collections

Series 44: Foreclosure Data, 1900-1936

This series consists of cards recording farm foreclosure information for a number of Montana counties from about 1900 through 1936. The period covered seems to depend on the county being surveyed. Most of the cards contain notes, and some even show that they have been researched a second and third time. However, there is no indication in this series as to what this data was used for. It is possibly the original source data for the reports contained in Series 32, although the periods being studied do not match and there is no correspondence or other information to back up this assumption. There is also a discrepancy between the counties used in the Series 32 study and the counties with completed cards in this Series. In all, fourteen counties were studied, with a number of reclassifications being done. The final folders contain tabulated data on all bankruptcies and foreclosures of Montana farms between 1898 and 1937.

Box 19
1. Beaverhead County
2. Big Horn County
3-7. Blaine County
8. Broadwater County
9-10. Daniels County
11-12. Dawson County
13. Deer Lodge County
14-15. Fallon County
16. Flathead County
17-18. Hill County
19. Jefferson County
Box 20
1-3. Judith Basin County
4. Lake County
5. Missoula County
6-9. Rough and final copies of the bankruptcy data for all Montana counties between 1898 and 1937.
10-11. Miscellaneous data, likely unrelated to the other material in this series

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 5/15/09