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Collection 1253 - Harriette Eliza Cushman Papers, 1893-1978

Creator: Cushman, Harriette Eliza, 1890-1978

Provenance Note: Letters, memorabilia, and photographs created or collected by Harriette Cushman were donated to Special Collections in several different accessions starting in 1975. The bulk of the materials came from her estate in 1978, which includes the personal correspondence that had formerly been placed in the University Archives. The accession numbers that were consolidated in this collection are: 1240, 1241, 1246, 1247, 1276, 1277, 2468 and University Archives accession 79030. Some materials were removed from University Archives accession 79013. The materials remaining in accession 79013 consisted of Cushman's professional papers which relate directly to her work with the Extension Service, and these were incorporated into University Archive accession 75040 in June 2011.

Historical Note: Harriette Cushman was born in Birmingham, Alabama, on December 6, 1890. She grew up in New York, attended Mt. Holyoke College, and obtained her degree in chemistry and bacteriology from Cornell University in 1914. She later earned a special certificate in poultry husbandry from Rutgers. Cushman worked as a bio-chemist but eventually began to work in the poultry industry. She worked in Idaho and later at the University of California. In 1922, she accepted a position at Montana State College. She worked as Extension Poultry Specialist until 1955. Harriette Cushman was one of the first women in her field. She led the formation of Montana's cooperative turkey marketing pools, worked to spread poultry production in the Indian reservations, and helped upgrade state poultry flocks and improve egg marketing. Along with other awards and recognition, Cushman was given the honorary degree of Doctor of Agriculture from Montana State University in 1963. During her retirement, Harriette worked with 4H, the Montana Institute of the Arts, the Friends of the Library, the Museum of the Rockies, assisted Indian youth through Montana State University, and worked to benefit Montana's natural resources. She died in 1978.

Content Description Note: The Cushman papers contain information pertaining to her personal life in Montana and the Northwest, as well as information concerning topics in which she was interested. Personal correspondence between Cushman and her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Cushman of Jamestown, New York, make up the bulk of the first series, along with letters from friends and other relatives. Topical files include information on the Native American Studies program at Montana State University, Lewis and Clark Caverns, James Willard Schultz, and the Crow Indian fair near Hardin, Montana. The photographs are quite extensive encompass all aspects of her life and work, including vacation snapshots of Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park. Subjects of these papers include: Montana agriculture and poultry husbandry; politics; environmental issues; Bozeman social and cultural life; Native Americans; Montana history; Lewis and Clark Caverns (Morrison Cave); Montana State University; Verne Dusenberry; Pete Karst; Branson Stevenson.

Contents

Series 1 Personal Correspondence, 1893-1975
Series 2 Topical Files, 1895-1978
Series 3 Photographs, ca. 1920s-1970s

Series 1: Personal Correspondence, 1893-1975

The correspondence was mainly between Harriet Cushman and her family in Jamestown, New York, along with other correspondence to acquaintances from her work. Subjects of the correspondence include women and the workplace, agriculture and poultry, environmental issues, MSU, Montana and National concerns and events like the war effort in both the first and second World Wars, family and societal relations, and other aspects of Cushman's life and work. Correspondence is arranged by year, with Christmas cards placed at the end of the series.

Box 1
1. Correspondence, 1893-1911
2. Correspondence, 1912-1913
3. Correspondence, 1914
4. Correspondence, 1915-1917
5. Correspondence, 1915-1917
6. Correspondence, 1915-1918
7. Correspondence, 1920
8. Correspondence, 1921
9. Correspondence, 1922
10. Correspondence, 1923
11. Correspondence, 1923
Box 2
1. Correspondence, 1924
2. Correspondence, 1925
3. Correspondence, 1926
4. Correspondence, 1927
5. Correspondence, 1928
6. Correspondence, 1929
7. Correspondence, 1930
8. Correspondence, 1931
9. Correspondence, 1932
Box 3
1. Correspondence, 1932
2. Correspondence, 1933
3. Correspondence, 1934
4. Correspondence, 1935
5. Correspondence, 1936
Box 4
1. Correspondence, 1937
2. Correspondence, 1937
3. Correspondence, 1937
4. Correspondence, 1938
5. Correspondence, 1938
6. Correspondence, 1938
7. Correspondence, 1939
8. Correspondence, 1939
9. Correspondence, 1939
Box 5
1. Correspondence, 1940
2. Correspondence, 1940
3. Correspondence, 1940
4. Correspondence, 1941
5. Correspondence, 1941
6. Correspondence, 1941
7. Correspondence, 1942
8. Correspondence, 1942
9. Correspondence, 1942
Box 6
1. Correspondence, 1943
2. Correspondence, 1943
3. Correspondence, 1943
4. Correspondence, 1944
5. Correspondence, 1944
6. Correspondence, 1944
Box 7
1. Correspondence, 1945
2. Correspondence, 1945
3. Correspondence, 1945
4. Correspondence, 1945
5. Correspondence, 1946
6. Correspondence, 1946
7. Correspondence, 1946
8. Correspondence, 1946
Box 8
1. Correspondence, 1947
2. Correspondence, 1947
3. Correspondence, 1947
4. Correspondence, 1948
5. Correspondence, 1948
6. Correspondence, 1948
Box 9
1. Correspondence, 1949
2. Correspondence, 1949
3. Correspondence, 1950
4. Correspondence, no date
5. Correspondence, no date
6. Correspondence, no date
7. Correspondence, no date
8. Correspondence, no date
Box 10
1. Correspondence, no date
2. Correspondence, no date
3. Correspondence, no date
4. Correspondence, no date
5. Correspondence, no date
6. Correspondence, envelopes
7. Correspondence, x-mas cards
8. Correspondence, x-mas cards and greetings
9. Correspondence, other post cards

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Topical Files, 1895-1978

This series is a collection of items of interest to Harriet Cushman. The series contains information on Native Americans, Lewis and Clark Caverns, Montana State University, James Willard and Jessica Donaldson Schultz, Verne Dusenberry, and writings and scrapbook materials of Harriet Cushman. It is arranged by topic in alphabetical order.

Box 11
1. Center for Native American Studies
2. Christmas Calendars
3. Epsilon Sigma Phi
4. European cathedral essay
5. Musician autograph collection
6. Lewis & Clark Caverns/Morrison Cave
7. Lewis & Clark Caverns/Morrison Cave
8. Lewis & Clark Caverns/Morrison Cave
9. Poetry and writings
10. Schultz, James Willard; Schultz, Jessica Donaldson, Dusenberry, Verne
11. Scrapbook Materials
12. Sun Dance and Crow Fair

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Photographs, ca. 1920s-1970s

Primarily snapshots taken by Harriette Cushman or friends of: her home and locations in Bozeman; Montana Native Americans (particularly the Crow tribe); locations around the state; locations in Washington, California, Wisconsin, and Massachusetts; Yellowstone National Park; Glacier National Park. The nitrate negatives and photographic prints were separated shortly after their deposit in 1978 and filed separately under broad subject categories. The categories between the two storage systems did not coincide, however, and in the processing of this collection all prints were given unique sequential numbers, first according to the subject headings in which they were placed (box 12), and then in a second alphabetical subject arrangement imposed by the processing staff (box 13). All negatives that could be matched to the prints were assigned the same numbers. The subject arrangement of negatives which have no corresponding prints begins in Box 15, and these negatives have also been given sequential numbers. Two photograph albums of trips to Glacier and Yellowstone National parks have been placed at the end of the series.

Images numbered #1998-3221 were added to the collection in June, 2011 after their removal from accession 2468. Color transparency slides #2053-2089 reflect the creator's organization; Cushman used broad categories and some sub-categories to describe and assemble her images. Cushman arranged her color transparencies (or 35 mm slides) into two categories; the first broad category deals pertain to the Junior Fact Finding Conference, and the World's Poultry Congress. The second broad category documents Cushman's travels to Canada, Alaska, Arizona, Illinois, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming. Examples of sub-categories provided by Cushman include Alberta, Ontario, and Saskatchewan in Canada, Other examples include Big Horn County, Blaine County, Broadwater County, Carbon County, Cascade County, Chouteau County, Dawson County, Flathead County, Gallatin County, Hill County, Jefferson County, Lake County, Lewis and Clark County, Lincoln County, and Missoula County. Additional examples include Park County, Phillips County, Powell County, Ravalli County, Roosevelt County, Rosebud County, Russell County, Sanders County, Silverbow and Butte County, Stillwater County, Sweetgrass County, Teton County, Valley County, Wibeaux County, and Yellowstone County. Locales of interest include Niagara Falls, Glacier Park, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National Park, and Morrison Cave (Lewis and Clark Caverns).

Glass plate negatives #3112-3216 were taken by John M. Cushman, Harriette's father, ca. 1887-1905. The glass plate negatives include images of Harriette, her sister Viola, her mother Mary, and father John. The images also portray Harriette's other friends and family members. Most of the images were taken in Jamestown, New York; other locales include Chautauqua, New York, and Birmingham, Alabama. Many of the in-depth descriptions of the photographs were transcribed from the original information written on the deteriorating paper envelopes in which the negatives were housed and discarded during processing.

Autochromes #3217-3221 were taken by John M. Cushman, Harriette's father, ca. 1887-1905. The color transparencies on glass are extremely rare, being likely the very first color photography done via the autochrome process invented in France and not patented in the United States until 1907. It is believed that these images predate the American patent. Images depict Harriette and Viola Cushman as well as buildings Jamestown and Chautauqua, New York.

Box 12
1. Photographs #1-40
   #1-7 Allen Ranch
   #8-15 Archeological Dig
   #16-18a Badlands
   #19-20 Beaver Creek Canyon
   #21-22 Big Timber, MT
   #23-27 Big Timber Area - Irrigation Project
   #28-30 Billings Area
   #31-33 Bannack
   #34-39 Billings Area, continued
   #40 Bitteroot Lake
2. Photographs #41-80
   #41-49 Bozeman, MT
   #50-52 Bozeman - Mainstreet
   #53-55 Bridger Canyon
   #56 Buggy (1863), one of the first in Montana
   #57-66 Butte, MT
   #67 Butte Hill
   #68-80 Cabins
3. Photographs #81-122
   #81 Cherries
   #82-83 Chickens
   #84-97 Clark Forks of Columbia
   #98-99 Cody Area
   #100 Cook Ovens - Trail Creek
   #101-106 Colstrip
   #107 Crazy Mountains (aerial view), 1938
   #108-110 Conrad, MT
   #111-122 Cushman, Harriette - Personal Portraits
4. Photographs #123-148
   #123-127 Crickets
   #128-129 Daly (Marcus) Mansion
   #130 Darby
   #131-133 Custer Battlefield
   #134-136 Dredge Boat
   #137 Draught
   #138-148 Ekalaka, MT
5. Photographs #149-175
   #149-153 Flathead Lake Area (Holt?)
   #154-165 Flathead Lake Area
   #166-173 Flathead Lake - Polson Area
   #174 Flathead Lake
   #175 Flathead River Falls
6. Photographs #176-223
   #176-178 Fort Assiniboine
   #179-195 Fort Benton
   #196-198 Fort C.F. Smith
   #199-200 Fort McGinnis
   #201-203 Fort Owen
   #204-223 Fort Peck
7. Photographs #224-260
   #224 Gardiner, Colonel R.E. "Arizona Bill"
   #225-226 Gardiner (maybe)
   #227-228 Gallatin Canyon
   #229-235 Glacier National Park
   #236 Glacier National Park - St. Mary Lake
   #237-241 Glacier National Park - Swift Current
   #242-242a Glacier National Park - Iceberg Lake
   #243 Glacier National Park - Piegan Trail
   #244 Glacier National Park - Iceberg Lake
   #245 Glacier National Park - Gunsight Trail
   #246 Glacier National Park - Going-to-the-Sun-Camp
   #247 Glacier National Park - Lake McDonald
   #248 Glacier National Park - McDonald Hotel
   #249-254 Glacier National Park - Lake McDonald Area
   #255 Glacier National Park - Mt. Rockwell
   #256 Glacier National Park - Road to Lake McDonald
   #257 Glacier National Park - Going-to-the-Sun-Highway
   #258 Glacier National Park - Gunsight Lake
   #259 Glacier National Park - Lake Ellen Wilson
   #260 Glacier National Park - Piegan Pass
8. Photographs #261-301
   #261-264 Grand Teton National Park
   #265-279 Glacier National Park
   #280-284 Great Falls - Anaconda Smelter
   #285-286 Great Falls - Fairgrounds
   #287 Great Falls - Great Northern
   #288-299 Great Falls - The Park
   #300-301 Hamilton
9. Photographs #302-325
   #302 Haying
   #303-304 Helena
   #305-308 Homestead Buildings
   #309-311 Horseshoe Hills
   #312 Hyalite Canyon - Bole's Cabin
   #313-321 Hyalite Canyon
   #322-325 Idaho Border Area
10. Photographs #326-373
   #326-329 Indians - Blackfeet
   #330-335 Indians - Crow, Big Horn Canyon Creek
   #336-348 Indians - Crow
   #349-367 Indians - Crow, Crow Fair
   #368-373 Indians - Flatheads
11. Photographs #374-405
   #374 The Jackalope
   #375-378 Kings Hill Area
   #379 Kootenai Falls
   #380 Kootenai River
   #381-391 Ski Festival (near Karst Ranch)
   #392-400 Karst Ranch
   #401 Lake McGregor
   #402-405 Lewistown, MT
12. Photographs #406-457
   #406-407 Libby Area - Forest Rangers on Fire Trail
   #408-409 Libby Area - Local People at Auction, 1922
   #410-412 Libby Area - Happy's Inn
   #413-414 Libby Area - Highway Intersection
   #415-417 Libby Area - Roosevelt Highway
   #418-425 Libby Area - Water Scenes
   #426 Madison Canyon
   #427-429 Malta (Bridge over Milk River, Library, Grain Elevator)
   #430 Milk River near Malta
   #431-432 Thanksgiving Dinners 1932-1940, Buck Creek Camp
   #433-449 Mission Range Area
   #450 Pony and Child
   #451-457 Misc. unidentified
13. Photographs #458-501
   #458-466 Missoula Area, MT
   #467-470 Missouri River - Gates of the Mountains
   #471-482 Missouri River - between Helena and Great Falls
   #483 Missouri River - near Helena
   #484 Mt. Helena, MT
   #485-488 Mountains
   #489 National Bison Range
   #490-495 National Park Airways, Inc.
   #496 Oil Fields
   #497-501 Pack Outfits
14. Photographs #502-558
   #502 Pine Foliage
   #503 Pompey's Pillar
   #504-512 Portraits
   #513-517 Poultry Judging
   #518 Praying Hands
   #519-523 Schlechten - Scenic Postcards
   #524-525 Ravalli, Farther
   #526-528 Railroads - North Pacific at Bozeman
   #529 Red Lodge - East Side Mines
   #530-536 Red Lodge - Cooke City Highway (East of Cooke)
   #537-558 Red Lodge - Cooke City Highway
15. Photographs #559-591
   #559 Rosses Peak
   #560-563 St. Mary's Division
   #564-566 Salesville
   #567 Mission Range
   #568 Mt. Harding
   #569 Rainbow Lake
   #570 McDonald's Peak
   #571 St. Ignatius Church
   #572 Snowy Mountains (Mt. Arrow)
   #573 Snowy Range Ranch
   #574-589 Sheep
   #590-591 Spring run-off
16. Photographs #592-640
   #592-612 Sun River Canyon and Gibson Dam
   #613-625 Story, WY - Piney Inn
   #626-627 Survey Marker (Fort Benton Area)
   #628-636 Thompson Falls Area
   #637-640 Virginia City - Territorial Capital Building
17. Photographs #641-680
   #641-650 Virginia City
   #651-652 West Gallatin, 1939
   #653-655 Western Montana - River and Pole Fence
   #656 Whitefish Lake
   #657 Whoop up - Trail Marker
   #658-675 Wildlife (Rocky Mountains Wild Game Set)
   #676-680 XIT Ranch
Box 13 - Photographs out of sequence
1. Photographs #681-701
   #681-682 Adults miscellaneous, Ruth Unden Hughes & Beverly
   #683 Adults, miscellaneous, Mr. Walton & sunflower, 310 N. Tracy
   #684 Airplane pictures, Crazy mountains
   #685 Airplane pictures, Crazy mountains
   #686 Airplane pictures, Badlands
   #687 Airplane pictures, at Helena flying field
   #688 Airplane pictures, National Park Airways
   #689 Badlands, mud cracks
   #690-691 Big Horn County
   #692-697 Bozeman
   #698 Bridger Canyon
   #699 Carbon County
   #700-701 Children miscellaneous
2. Photographs #702-721
   #702-703 Cliff Lake & Hebgen Dam County
   #704-707 Cook City Highway
   #708 Extension, College & Parties
   #709-711 Flathead County
   #712-716 Glacier National Park
   #717 Grandall Creek, Wyoming
   #718-719 Granite County & Echo Lake
   #720 Judith Basin County
   #721 Lake County
3. Photographs #722-737
   #722-723 Madison County
   #724-726 Minnesota and Minneapolis
   #727-730 New Hampshire
   #731-737 Park County
4. Photographs #738-755
   #738-740 Ravalli County
   #741-742 Rosebud County
   #743 Sheridan Wyoming, spotted horse
   #744-748 Spanish Peaks
   #749 Sun River Canyon
   #750-751 Seattle Washington
   #752 Squaw Creek, Gallatin
   #753 Teton County
   #754 West Gallatin & Karst Kamp
   #755 Yellowstone Park, Sapphire Pool
Box 14 - Negatives with matching prints
1. #16, 17, 18, 18a, 42, 43, 44, 47, 54, 55
2. #57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 65, 66, 81, 102, 104
3. #105, 106, 155, 158, 161, 164, 166, 167, 171, 172
4. #173, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213
5. #215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 242, 244, 249, 251, 252
6. #261, 262, 263, 264, 322, 323, 324, 381, 382, 383
7. #384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393
8. #394, 395, 398, 399, 418, 419, 430, 434, 437, 438
9. #439, 440, 444, 445, 531, 532, 535, 537, 538, 541
10. #542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 550, 552
11. #553, 554, 558a, 572, 575, 580, 586, 589, 593, 594
12. #596, 598, 600, 601, 605, 607, 612, 617, 618, 619
13. #620, 621, 622, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634
14. #635, 636, 652, 681, 682, 683, 684, 685, 686, 687
15. #688 - 697
16. #698 - 707
17. #708 - 717
18. #718 - 727
19. #728- 737
20. #738 - 747
21. #748- 755
Box 15 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Airplane pictures #756 - 763
2. Big Horn County #764
3. Blaine County #765 - 768
4. Broadwater County #769
5. Carter County #770 - 779
6. Carter County #780 - 792
7. Canadian Rockies #793
8. Carbon County #794 - 798
9. Chicago, Ill. #799 - 805
10. Chouteau County & Old Fort Benton #806 - 809
11. Cornell University #810 - 819
12. Cornell University #820 - 829
13. Cornell University #830 - 839
14. Cornell University #840 - 845
15. Cooke City Highway #849 - 849
16. Crandall Creek, WY #850 - 859
17. Crandall Creek, WY #860 - 867
18. Custer County #868 - 869
19. Dawson County & Montana Badlands #870 - 875
20. Fallon County #876 - 879
21. Fergus County #880
22. Flathead County #881 - 890
23. Flathead County #891 - 899
24. Glacier County #900 - 905
25. Glacier National Park #906 - 915
26. Glacier National Park #916 - 925
27. Glacier National Park #926 - 935
28. Glacier National Park #936 - 945
29. Glacier National Park #946 - 955
30. Glacier National Park #956 - 965
31. Glacier National Park #966 - 975
32. Glacier National Park #976 - 985
33. Glacier National Park #986 - 995
34. Glacier National Park #996 - 1005
35. Glacier National Park #1006 1015
36. Glacier National Park #1016 - 1025
37. Glacier National Park #1026 - 1035
38. Glacier National Park #1036 - 1045
39. Glacier National Park #1046 - 1055
Box 16 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Glacier National Park #1056 - 1063
2. Golden Valley County #1064 - 1067
3. Grand Canyon of the Colorado #1068 - 1073
4. Granite County and Echo lake #1074
5. Hill County #1075 - 1083
6. Big Spring - Snake River, Shoshone Falls #1084 - 1093
7. same as 6 #1094 - 1103
8. same as 6 #1104 - 1115
9. Indians and Indian Reservations in Montana #1116 - 1121
10. Jefferson County and Morrison Cave #1122 - 1132
Box 17 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Judith Basin County #1133 - 1137
2. Lake County #1138 - 1141
3. Lewis and Clark County and Helena #1142 - 1151
4. -same as above- #1152 - 1161
5. -same as above- #1162 - 1172
6. Lincoln County #1173 - 1175
7. Madison County #1176 - 1190
8. Madison, Wisconsin #1191 - 1194
9. Meagher County #1195 - 1196
10. Missoula County and and Montana State Univ. #1197 - 1203
11. Mt. Hollyoke - College and vicinity - #1204 - 1213
12. same as above- #1214 - 1224
13. Miscellaneous #1225
14. New Hampshire #1226 - 1235
15. New York State #1236 - 1239
16. Oregon #1240 - 1259
17. Park County #1260 - 1269
18. -same as above- #1270 - 1279
19. -same as above- #1280 - 1289
20. -same as above- #1290 - 1299
21. Petaluma, California Stinson's Beach #1300 - 1309
22. -same as above- #1310 - 1326
23. Phillips County #1327 - 1331
24. Pondera County #1332 - 1333
25. Powell County #1334 - 1335
26. Ravalli County #1336 - 1343
27. Richland County #1344 - 1348
28. Roosevelt County #1349 - 1350
29. Rosebud County #1351
30. Salt Lake City and Utah #1352 - 1356
Box 18 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Seattle, WA. and area #1357 - 1366
2. -same as above- #1367 - 1376
3. -same as above- #1377 - 1386
4. -same as above- #1387 - 1396
5. -same as above- #1397 - 1404
6. Sheridan County #1405
7. Sheridan, Wyoming #1406
8. South Dakota, Badlands, Black Hills #1407 - 1411
9. Spokane, Washington #1412 - 1413
10. Sun River Canyon #1414 -1416
11. Sweetgrass County #1417 - 1421
12. Teton County #1422 - 1433
13. Teton National Park #1434 - 1443
14. -same as above- #1444 - 1452
15. Valley County, Fort Peck Dam #1453 - 1455
16. Vineland, New Jersey. #1456 - 1465
17. -same as above- #1466 - 1481
18. Word Poultry Congress #1482 - 1489
19. Yellowstone County #1490 - 1497
20. Yellowstone National Park #1498 - 1507
21. -same as above- #1508 - 1517
22. -same- #1518 - 1527
23. -same- #1528 - 1537
24. -same- #1538 -1544
Box 19 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Adult miscellaneous #1545 - 1554
2. -same- #1555 - 1563
3. Children miscellaneous #1564 - 1573
4. -same- #1574 - 1583
5. -same- 1584 - 1598
6. Extension, College and parties #1599 - 1605
7. Bozeman, general #1606 - 1615
8. -same- #1616 - 1624
9. Bozeman. 310 Evergreen 310 North Tracy #1625 - 1634
10. Homescenes of H.E.C #1635 - 1644
11. Homescenes of H.E.C #1645 - 1654
12. Homescenes of H.E.C #1655 - 1666
13. Brackett Creek and Fairy Lake #1667 - 1676
14. -same- #1677 - 1686
15. -same- #1687 - 1693
16. Brick Top #1694 - 1697
17. Bridger Canyon #1698 - 1707
18. -same- #1708 - 1720
19. Cliff Lake and Hebgen Dam #1721 - 1725
20. Leverich, Bear Canyons #1726 - 1735
21. -same- #1736 - 1745
22. Middle creek and county #1746 - 1755
23. -same- #1756 - 1763
24. North Cottonwood, Springhill, and Canyons north of Bozeman #1764-1773
25. -same- #1774 - 1783
26. -same- #1784 - 1793
27. -same- #1794 -1807
28. Old Three Forks #1808 - 1818
29. Ouzel Falls #1819 - 1823
30. Rocky Canyon, Trail Creek #1824 - 1833
Box 20 - Negatives without corresponding prints
1. Rocky Canyon, Trail Creek #1834 - 1842
2. Spanish Peaks #1843 - 1852
3. -same- #1853 - 1862
4. -same- #1863 - 1872
5. -same- #1873 - 1885
6. Squaw Creek #1886 - 1889
7. 3-20 Ranch #1890 - 1904
8. West Gallatin and Karst's camp #1905 - 1914
9. -same- #1915 - 1924
10. -same- #1925 - 1934
11. -same- #1935 - 1944
12. -same- #1945 - 1954
13. -same- #1955 - 1962
14. Unidentified #1963 - 1988
15. Miscellaneous #1989 - 1997

Images added in June 2011

16. Photographs #1998-2030
   #1998 Birmingham, Alabama
   #1999 "Introducing Mr. Lemon"
   #2000 Farm in Gallatin Valley
   #2001-2003 Fort Owen
   #2004 Jim Kip Lookout
   #2005-2009 Museum
   #2010-2011 Indian Cave, Bridgers
   #2012-2013 Riverside Geyser
   #2014-2019 Ranger Station, Spanish Creek
   #2020-2026 Unidentified
   #2027-2030 Miscellaneous

17. Negatives #2031-2052 without corresponding prints
   #2031-2032 Cushman receives doctorate
   #2033 Harriette with Iris
   #2034-2040 Young Harriette Cushman
   #2041-2043 John Cushman
   #2044 Viola Cushman
   #2045-2051 Unidentified
   #2052 Steamboat Dock, Maple Springs N.Y.

18. YNP and Glacier Park negatives from photo albums in Box 21

Box 21 - Photograph albums

Box 22 Color Transparency Slides (or 35 mm slides)
1. Transparencies #2053-2077
   #2053-2055 1949 Junior Fact Finding Conference
   #2056-2077 1954 Junior Fact Finding Conference

2. Transparencies #2078-2102
   #2078-2092 1954 Junior Fact Finding Conference
   #2093-2102 1939 World's Poultry Congress

3. Transparencies #2103-2127
   #2103-2109 Alberta, Canada
   #2110-2116 Guelph, Ontario, Canada
   #2117-2127 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada

4. Transparencies #2128-2152
   #2128-2134 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada
   #2135-2143 Saskatchewan, Canada
   #2144-2152 Alaska

5. Transparencies #2153-2177
   #2153-2177 Alaska

6. Transparencies #2178-2202
   #2178-2184 Alaska
   #2185-2191 Arizona
   #2192-2202 Colorado

7. Transparencies #2203-2227
   #2203-2223 Colorado
   #2224-2227 Illinois

8. Transparencies #2228-2252
   #2228-2229 Illinois
   #2230-2232 Beaverhead County, Montana
   #2233-2237 Big Horn County, Montana
   #2238-2248 Blaine County, Montana
   #2249 Broadwater County, Montana
   #2250-2252 Carbon County, Montana

9. Transparencies #2253-2277
   #2253-2255 Carbon County, Montana
   #2256-2272 Cascade County, Montana
   #2273-2274 Chouteau County, Montana
   #2275-2277 Dawson County, Montana

10. Transparencies #2278-2302
   #2278-2281 Dawson County, Montana
   #2282-2302 Flathead County, Montana

11. Transparencies #2303-2327
   #2303-2321 Flathead County, Montana
   #2322-2325 Belgrade, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2326-2327 Bozeman, Gallatin County, Montana

12. Transparencies #2328-2352
   #2328-2336 Bozeman, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2337-2343 Brackett Creek, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2344-2348 Bridger Bowl, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2349-2352 Cave Creek Area, Gallatin County, Montana

13. Transparencies #2353-2377
   #2353-2354 Cave Creek Area, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2355-2369 Flaming Arrow, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2370-2375 Flathead Pass, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2376-2377 Glacier Park, Gallatin County, Montana

14. Transparencies #2378-2402
   #2378-2402 Glacier Park, Gallatin County, Montana

15. Transparencies #2403-2427
   #2403-2425 Glacier Park, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2426-2427 Huffine Lane, Gallatin County, Montana

16. Transparencies #2428-2452
   #2428-2433 Huffine Lane, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2434-2436 Jack Rabbit Lane, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2437-2452 Kelly Canyon & Lower Bridge Area, Gallatin County, Montana

17. Transparencies #2453-2477
   #2453-2455 Kelly Canyon & Lower Bridge Area, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2456 Lone Mountain & West Fork, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2457-2469 Middle Creek, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2470-2477 Montana State College, Gallatin County, Montana

18. Transparencies #2478-2502
   #2478-2479 Morrison Cave, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2480-2489 North Cottonwood, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2490-2492 Sixteen Mile Canyon, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2493-2494 Snow Shoe, New Years, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2495-2502 Spanish Creek, Gallatin County, Montana

19. Transparencies #2503-2527
   #2503-2505 Spanish Creek, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2506-2515 Spring Hill, Gallatin County Montana
   #2516 Sour Dough, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2517-2525 South Cottonwood, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2526-2527 Story Pastures, Gallatin County, Montana

20. Transparencies #2528-2552
   #2528 Three Forks, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2529-2532 Vogels, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2533-2552 West Gallatin, Gallatin County, Montana

21. Transparencies #2553-2577
   #2553-2577 West Gallatin, Gallatin County, Montana

22. Transparencies #2578-2602
   #2578-2583 West Gallatin, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2584-2588 West Yellowstone, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2589-2598 1222 South 5th Ave, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2599-2602 Flower Pictures, Gallatin County, Montana

23. Transparencies #2603-2627
   #2603-2627 Flower Pictures, Gallatin County, Montana

24. Transparencies #2628-2652
   #2628-2644 Flower Pictures, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2645-2650 Miscellaneous, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2651-2652 People & Groups, Gallatin County, Montana

25. Transparencies #2653-2677
   #2653-2669 People & Groups, Gallatin County, Montana
   #2670 Hill County, Montana
   #2671-2677 Jefferson County, Montana

26. Transparencies #2678-2702
   #2678-2685 Jefferson County, Montana
   #2686-2698 Lake County, Montana
   #2699-2702 Lewis & Clark County, Montana

27. Transparencies #2703-2727
   #2703-2716 Lewis & Clark County, Montana
   #2717-2727 Lincoln County, Montana

28. Transparencies #2728-2752
   #2728-2748 Madison County, Montana
   #2749-2752 Meagher County, Montana

29. Transparencies #2753-2777
   #2753-2760 Meagher County, Montana
   #2761-2773 Missoula County, Montana
   #2774-2777 Park County, Montana

30. Transparencies #2778-2802
   #2778-2802 Park County

31. Transparencies #2803-2827
   #2803-2804 Park County, Montana
   #2805-2812 Phillips County, Montana
   #2813-2817 Powell County, Montana
   #2818-2826 Ravalli County, Montana
   #2827 Roosevelt County, Montana

32. Transparencies #2828-2852
   #2828-2852 Rosebud County, Montana

33. Transparencies #2853-2877
   #2853 Rosebud County, Montana
   #2854-2875 Russell County, Montana
   #2876-2877 Sanders County, Montana

34. Transparencies #2878-2902
   #2878-2898 Sanders County
   #2899-2902 Silverbow & Butte County, Montana

35. Transparencies #2903-2927
   #2903-2912 Silverbow & Butte County, Montana
   #2913-2914 Stillwater County, Montana
   #2915-2922 Sweetgrass County, Montana
   #2923-2927 Teton County, Montana

36. Transparencies #2928-2952
   #2928-2952 Teton County, Montana

37. Transparencies #2953-2977
   #2953-2960 Teton County, Montana
   #2961-2963 Valley County, Montana
   #2964 Wibeaux County, Montana
   #2965-2971 Yellowstone County, Montana
   #2972 New Mexico
   #2973-2977 Cornell University, New York

38. Transparencies #2978-3002
   #2978-2985 Cornell University, New York
   #2986-2997 North Dakota
   #2998-3002 Utah

39. Transparencies #3003-3027
   #3003-3012 Utah
   #3013-3016 Virginia
   #3017-3023 Washington
   #3024-3027 Wyoming

40. Transparencies #3028-3052
   #3028-3034 Wyoming
   #3035-3040 Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming
   #3041-3052 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming

41. Transparencies #3053-3077
   #3053-3077 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming

42. Transparencies #3078-3102
   #3078-3102 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming

43. Transparencies #3103-3111
   #3103-3111 Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming

Box 23 Glass Plate Negatives
#3112 Harriet E. Cushman, age 4 months, 1891
#3113 Harriette as a baby
#3114 Little Harriette in her nightie, 1893
#3115 Harriette E. Cushman, 1895
#3116 Harriette E. Cushman in street, 1895
#3117 Harriette E. Cushman, 1896
#3118 Harriette E. Cushman, "Didn't like to stand that way," 1899
#3119 Harriette E. Cushman, 1900
#3120 Harriette, 1908
#3121 [Harriette as a young woman?]
#3122 One of the girls, either Viola or Harriette
#3123 [Viola or Harriette]
#3124 [Costume on Harriette or Viola]
#3125 [Harriette or Viola in Costume
#3126 Viola with umbrella, age 2
#3127 Little Viola, 1894
#3128 Viola G. Cushman, "Now you Dolly you!," 1898
#3129 Viola, [Dutch girl costume], 1907
#3130 Viola Dutch costume, 1907
#3131 [Mrs. Cushman], "No.3 Baby and I"
#3132 Mary E. Cushman, 1891
#3133 Mary E. Cushman, 1895
#3134 Mrs. J.M. Cushman, 1896
#3135 [Mrs. Mary Cushman? Dutch costume]
#3136 [Mrs. Mary Cushman portrait]
#3137 [Mrs. Mary Cushman portrait]
#3138 [Mrs. Mary Cushman portrait]
#3139 Emma, 1907
#3140 Emma
#3141 [Woman in boat], Stongman's Bay
#3142 John M. Cushman, 1895
#3143 John M. Cushman, 1895
#3144 Robert Underwood
#3145 Harriette and Viola Cushman, 1894
#3146 Harriette and Viola Cushman, "Up in a tree," 1896
#3147 Harriette and Viola Cushman, feeding chickens, 1896
#3148 Harriette and Viola Cushman, 1896
#3149 [Harriette and Viola Cushman], Christmas Tree, 1898
#3150 Viola and Hattie Cushman, 1900
#3151 Harriette and Viola
#3152 Harriette and Viola,"No pic print on as emulsion is on the inside"
#3153 Harriette E. Cushman and Gonald Catlin, 1894
#3154 [Mrs. Cushman with Harriette or Viola], ca. 1893
#3155 Mamma and Little Vi, 1895
#3156 Ella B. and Mary C., 1886
#3157 H.V. and Mary, 1900
#3158 G.W. Cushman and Eliza F. Cushman, 1886
#3159 Mr. and Mrs. Forest
#3160 [Two women outside on porch]
#3161 Mary E. Cushman, Harriette E. Cushman, and Viola G. Cushman, 1894
#3162 Mary E. Cushman and babies, 1896
#3163 Mrs. Mary E. Cushman and babies, 1896
#3164 Mary E. Cushman, Harriette E. Cushman, and Viola G. Cushman, 1899
#3165 Mary E. Cushman, Harriette E. Cushman, and Viola G. Cushman, 1899
#3166 Mrs. Mary E. Cushman and her children, 1899
#3167 Mary E. Cushman, Harriette E. Cushman, and Viola G. Cushman, 1899
#3168 [Mrs. Cushman with Harriette and Viola in parlor]
#3169 [Harriette, Viola, and mother]
#3170 [Harriette, Viola, and Emma, posing with cat]
#3171 Emma and girls
#3172 [Emma and unidentified children]
#3173 [John Cushman and daughters outside]
#3174 [John Cushman and daughters outside]
#3175 J.M. Cushman and children, 1900
#3176 John M. Cushman, Father Cushman, Harrriette, Viola, Doll Dot, 1894
#3177 Harriette Cushman, Viola Cushman, and Doris Johnson, 1894
#3178 W.R. Underwood, Viola Cushman, and Harriette Cushman, 1895
#3179 John M. Cushman, Father Cushman, Viola Gammons, Mary Cushman, Harriette Cushman, Viola Cushman, 1895
#3180 George W. Cushman, Viola P. Gammons, Mary E. Cushman, Harriette Cushman, Viola Cushman, Mr. M.E. Cushman, 1895
#3181 Viola Gammons, Mamie C., Emma C., Father Cushman, Harriette Cushman, and Viola Cushman, 1895
#3182 Father Cushman, Mamie, Emma, Viola, and Harriette, 1895
#3183 Mary E. Cushman, Viola Gammons, M.E.J.C., and Harriette E. Cushman, 1895
#3184 Harriette E. Cushman, Viola G. Cushman, Lillian and Mildred Danielson, 1896
#3185 Harriette Cushman, Viola Cushman, Ellis Beck, and Doris Johnson, "Blowing Bubbles," 1899
#3186 Bessie Rearick, Gracie Rearick, Viola Cushman, Harriette Cushman, Ellis Beck, Doris Johnson, and Vernon Schenck, 1899
#3187 Mary E. Cushman, Mrs. Keeler, Doris Johnson, Viola Cushman, Mildred Danielson, Catherine Miter, Harriette Cushman, Blanche Aiken, Margaret Keeler, and Lucian Donaldson, 1900
#3188 Father Cushman, Mary Cushman, Mary E. Cushman, Viola and Harriette Cushman
#3189 Miss E. Detwiller, Harriette Cushman, Mary E. Cushman, Viola Cushman
#3190 Bertha Underwood and our girls
#3191 [Ladies singing at piano - interior]
#3192 Woman and children in outdoor hammock
#3193 A birthday party for Margaret Keller
#3194 Looking north from our dining room window North Highland, Birmingham, AL, 1891
#3195 Looking east from back porch of our home, North Highlands, Birmingham, AL, 1891
#3196 Front view of house at no. 65 Sugar St., Mansfield, OH, 1893
#3197 "The first light fall of snow is thrown by young September's hand," 1899
#3198 Looking up Warren St. from 132, 1899
#3199 House 132 Warren St.
#3200 From front of 132 Warren St.
#3201 [Back yard Cushman home]
#3202 Looking south on Warren St. from opposite 132, 1900
#3203 Orchard at back of house no. 132 Warren St.
#3204 Orchard at back of house no. 132 Warren St.
#3205 132 Warren St.
#3206 View of Orchard Hill house and back view
#3207 Old mill and house where father lived
#3208 Cyrus Underwoods house, 1900
#3209 Flash light at Cyrus Underwoods
#3210 At Fred Gordons
#3211 Celeron towards theatre on dock
#3212 Perry Candy Store, interior, ca. 1900
#3213 [Stone tower positive b&w transparency]
#3214 Emma's Ohio trip
#3215 Looking toward the lake from top of Tweed Hill, 1900
#3216 Map of Judea at Chatauqua

Autochromes

#3217 [Young woman, (Harriette Cushman?), ca. 1905]
#3218 [Harriette and Viola, ca. 1905]
#3219 Unidentified building in Jamestown, NY
#3220 Colonnade building, Chautauqua, NY
#3221 Colonnade building, Chautauqua, NY

Contents | Special Collections

Updated:6/3/11