Creator: Paugh, Minnie Ellen, 1919-2003

Provenance Note: Research notes, oral history notes, correspondence, and other materials dealing with the history of Montana's Madison Valley were collected or created by Minnie Paugh and donated to Special Collections in January 1976. This collection incorporates materials from former accessions numbered: 103, 116, 117, 125, 243, 286, 345, 415, 480, 834, 1016, and 1205.

Historical Note: Minnie Ellen Paugh was born in Virginia City, Montana on April 7, 1919 and grew up on the family ranch at Jack Creek. She earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Montana in Missoula, a Master's of Education degree from the University of Montana, a Master's in Library Science from the University of Denver. Paugh first worked as a school teacher in various eastern and northern Montana communities and, in 1961, joined the faculty of Montana State College (later Montana State University) in Bozeman as a reference librarian and instructor. The bulk of her time at MSU she was assigned to the Special Collections Department at Rene Library, an area she actively built to preserve collections about Montana, Yellowstone National Park, agricultural history, and Montana Native Americans. During the course of her career, Paugh interviewed many old time residents of Madison County and periodically borrowed original documents from them to photocopy. In some cases, these copied materials were given accession numbers and added to the holdings of the Special Collections department, but she kept others in her personal research files. In 1974, Paugh was granted an eight-month sabbatical to research and write a history of the Madison Valley and, while doing so, used many of the photocopies and interviews she had previously collected. The manuscript history she produced was never published. Following her retirement, Paugh was awarded the rank of associate professor emeritus of library science by the Board of Regents of Higher Education for her many contributions. Paugh also received the Blue and Gold Award for bringing national distinction and dedicated service to Montana State University, and she died in Billings, Montana on March 20, 2003.

Content Description Note: Collection 2051 comprises various accessions by Paugh compiled to aid in the creation of her manuscript "History of the Madison Valley." The materials were assembled to provide the reader with a brief history of the Madison Valley in addition to sketches of various individuals, civic groups and corporate entities. Her text also provides information on the Madison Valley's tourist trade and agricultural industry. Paugh used other sources to compose her text; gleaning her information from notes based on the James S. Spray papers (Collection 2098), the livestock history series of the WPA Records (Collection 2336), and the Madisonian newspaper. She also used information culled from other family papers, business records, diaries, reminiscences, personal interviews, in addition to the MSU accessions specifically integrated into this collection. Paugh brought together her research over the course of an eight-month sabbatical in 1974 with an additional two months in 1975. She received various suggestions, critiques, and corrections from MSU personnel as well as family and friends over the course of completion of her manuscript. Most of the folder titles were provided by Paugh herself, although the logic behind the placement of materials within the context of those subject headings is sometimes difficult to discern. This is especially true with notes pertaining to individuals that can be found within folders bearing place name headings.


Series 1 Audio cassettes
Series 2 Research materials
Series 3 Manuscript drafts
Series 4 Photographs


Series 1: Audio cassettes

Series 1 consists of audio recordings of two interviews conducted by Paugh in the development of her text. The interview with John C. Paugh is actually a narration of a written script by Minnie and John C. Paugh regarding his great uncle, John G. Vetter, a frontier businessman of Virginia City. A transcript/synopsis of this interview can be found in Series 2, Research materials. The second cassette is an interview conducted on July 29, 1975 with Winifred Chowning Jeffers, a longtime resident of the Ennis, Montana area, discussing her memories of the area. This interview has no transcription. Numbers in parentheses indicate the original accession numbers for these tapes.

Box 1
1. Audio cassettes: John C. Paugh (1250); Winifred Jeffers (2009)

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Research materials

Series 2 pertains to Paugh's research and development of her text. Some research materials are actually papers which were composed by Montana State University students enrolled in history classes taught by Merrill G. Burlingame and given to Paugh by him. The materials have been sorted in rough subject order bearing the same folder titles assigned by Paugh, but researchers are cautioned that many folders contain notes that do not necessarily conform to the titles. A single asterisk (*) denotes material relocated to the Photograph series. Numbers in parentheses indicate the original accession numbers for these materials.

Box 1 (cont.)
2. Agriculture
3. Bear Creek
4. Cameron
5. Cattle
6. Chronology
7. Chronology
8. Civic Affairs
9. Clarkson, Emma, synopsis of interview conducted in 1964 (243)
10. Correspondence, 1975 (research inquiries and manuscript critiques)
11. Dude Ranches
12. Dude Ranches
13. Ennis
14. Ennis—West
15. Explorers
16. Geology
17. Gillies, Leah, synopsis of interview regarding Hezekiah Templeton, conducted September 1964 (286)
18. Gilmer, Louise Ennis, synopsis of interview regarding the murder of William Ennis, conducted February 14, 1964 (116)
19. Horses
20. Indians
21. Industry
22. Jack Creek and Cedar Creek
23. Jeffers
24. Jeffers


Box 2
1. Jordan
2. J. W. Chowing Mercantile
3. Living in Ennis
4. Love, Paul H.
5. Madison Valley Women's Club
6. Maps
7. Maynard
8. McAllister-Meadow Creek
9. McGuire, Nell Vetter--Ennis town lot abstract (834)
10. Medicine
11. Metzel, Etta Boatman, synopsis of interview conducted July, 1975 (345)
12. Minerals and mining
13. Missouri Flat
14. Notes, miscellaneous
15. Paugh family, materials provided by George Paugh (103 and 125) *
16. Paugh, George E., synopsis of interview regarding the murder of William Ennis, conducted March 29, 1964 (117)
17. Paugh, John C., Reminiscence of John G. Vetter from audio cassette in Series 1 (1205)
18. Recreation
19. Sheep
20. Unused Material
21. Unused Material
22. Varney
23. Water rights
24. Weather
25. Wild Life

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Manuscript drafts

Series 3 consists of Paugh's four different draft copies of her manuscript. The draft versions of the work provide evidence of the manuscript's evolution from initial composition, to its correction assisted by others, and to its final draft ready for publication submission. People whom Paugh asked to correct the manuscript include: Merrill G. Burlingame; Marjorie Brister; Winifred Chowning Jeffers; Catherine Armitage; Zora McKee Armstrong; Paul Love; Theodore, Ralph, John and Robert Paugh. Although all contributed to the corrections, it is not always possible to determine any particular individual's notations.

Box 3
1. Rough Draft I
2. Rough Draft I
3. Rough Draft I
4. Rough Draft I
5. Rough Draft II
6. Rough Draft II
7. Rough Draft II
8. Rough Draft II
9. Rough Draft III
10. Rough Draft III
11. Rough Draft III
12. Rough Draft III


Box 4
1. Final Draft
2. Final Draft
3. Final Draft

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: Photographs

Images collected by Paugh in relation to her research and possible inclusion in a published version of her manuscript. This series has been divided up into two sections the first being the photographs collected by Paugh, the second containing the negatives of the assorted photographic images. Each photograph is numbered and if there is a corresponding negative, the negative has received the same number as the photograph. Not all photographs have a corresponding negative and four negatives do not have a corresponding print image. Numbers in parentheses indicate the original accession numbers for these materials.

Box 4 (cont.)
4. Photographs #1-7, Individuals and groups of individuals
    #1. Unidentified male sitting on a fence, "Elkhorn fence at McAllister, Mont."
    #2. Unidentified male posing beside dead puma killed near Tim Switzer place
    #3. Wm. Ennis
    #4. Nell Vetter McGuire, Ray Hungerford, Bert Vetter (834)
    #5. Tim Crandell, Ernest Vetter, Berta Vetter, Tim Vetter, Nell McGuire, Jessie Vetter
    #6. Arlie Sackett, Jay Jeffers, Spencer Watkins, John Speedy, Clarence Jeffers, Jake Watkins, Clifford Jeffers, Paul Jeffers
    #7. Clarence Jeffers, Millard Saunders, Martin Peel, Clifford Jeffers, Sam Rutherford, Tommy Walters, Nolan Lockeridge, Tim Switzer, Ed Montgomery (834)


5. Photographs #8-19, Business and industry
    #8. Nelson's Garage
    #9. Chowning's Store
    #10. Chowning's Store
    #11. Chowning's Store
    #12. Chowning's Store
    #13. Chowning's Store
    #14. Jeffer's School
    #15. Hauling wool
    #16. Sheep wagon
    #17. Valley Garden Shearing Sheds
    #18. Valley Garden Shearing Sheds
    #19. Hutton's wood saw


6. Photographs #20-25, Ennis Main Street
    #20. Ennis Main Street
    #21. Ennis Main Street
    #22. Ennis Main Street
    #23. Ennis Main Street
    #24. Ennis Main Street
    #25. Ennis Main Street


7. Photographs #26-32, Ennis Street Rodeo
    #26. Pet Bear
    #27. Bucking Broncos'
    #28. Burt Vetter on Bronco
    #29. Nelson Livery Stable
    #30. Nelson Livery Stable
    #31. Pony Race Prep
    #32. Ennis Street Rodeo


8. Photographs #33-45, Homes/Homesteads
    #33. Ed Chamberlain home
    #34. Hutchin's ranch
    #35. Wm. Ennis home
    #36. Wm. Ennis home
    #37. Wm. Ennis home
    #38. M.D. Jeffers home
    #39. M.D. Jeffers home
    #40. Dr. Thomas B. Marquis home
    #41. Ben Pickens home
    #42. James Saunders barn & Shed
    #43. Slade's cabin
    #44. George Vetter home (103)
    #45. Unknown homestead (415)


9. Photographs #46-62, Madison Valley—Jack Creek Flood
    #46. Jack Creek Flood
    #47. Piled fence panels
    #48. Cellar clean up
    #49. Cellar clean up
    #50. Jack Creek Flood
    #51. Jack Creek Flood
    #52. Jack Creek Flood
    #53. Debris
    #54. Slide
    #55. Paugh home
    #56. Paugh barnyard
    #57. County road crew
    #58. Machinery in creek
    #59. Bridge to sheep barn
    #60. Near Paugh home
    #61. Jack Creek Flood
    #62. Back of shop


10. Photographs #63-69, Ruby Creek Dam & Madison Canyon Pipeline
    #63. Ruby Creek Dam
    #64. Ruby Creek Dam
    #65. Power house view of pipeline
    #66. Madison Canyon Pipeline
    #67. Madison Canyon Pipeline
    #68. Madison Canyon Pipeline
    #69. Madison Canyon Pipeline


11. Photographs #70-78, Scenic shots and wildlife
    #70. Hutchens Toll Bridge (415)
    #71. Hutchens Toll Bridge
    #72. Madison River Bridge
    #73. Cliff Lake, MT
    #74. Elk Horn Fence
    #75. Sun Ranch Buffalo
    #76. Wolf
    #77. Chamberlain's coach team
    #78. Buford cattle


12. Negatives #1-7, Individual & Group


13. Negatives #8-13 & 15-19, Business & Industry


14. Negatives #20-24, Ennis Main Street


15. Negatives #26-32, Ennis Street Rodeo


16. Negatives #33-37 & 39-43


17. Negatives #63-65, Ruby Creek Dam & Madison Canyon Pipeline


18. Negatives #70-72 & 77-78, Scenic shots and wildlife


19. Negatives #79-82, no corresponding image
    #79. "Vic Smith (Yellowstone Vic), The Hero of Ft. Pease, 1879" (415)
    #80. Dick Rock (Rocky Mountain Dick), 1887 (415)
    #81. Dick Rock (Rocky Mountain Dick), posing with his trained horse, 1887 (415)
    #82. I.A. Hutchins and Jake Bunch with a captured mountain sheep (415)

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 9/14/09