Salmon Poisoning Research Collection, 1923-1999

Collection 2470
Bozeman, Montana


Salmon Poisoning Research Collection, 1923-1999

.4 linear feet

Research papers created or collected by Stuart Knapp were donated to Montana State University Special Collections on January 27, 2005.

Dr. Stuart E. Knapp was born on August 23, 1928 in Monroe, Washington. He attended Pacific University to obtain both his Bachelor's and a Masters before moving onto the University of Idaho, finally finishing his PhD in Parasitology at Kansas State University. Upon graduation, Dr. Knapp pursued a career as a professor and administrator at various institutions of higher learning before accepting the position of Vice President of Academic Affairs at Montana State in 1978. He continued to actively participate in his field, including conducting research on a variety of topics within the parasitology and veterinary medicine fields.

Salmon poisoning is caused by the microorganism Rickettsia that lives within members of the Salmonid family. Most cases of Salmon poisoning occur when canids eat dead fish or their remains from river banks that are prevalent during spawning. Salmon poisoning is mostly found along the western slope of the Cascade mountains. After canids ingest the poisoned fish they become ill within seven to twelve days. Before extensive research into the cause, an infected canid had a ninety percent chance of the disease becoming fatal. In the early 1920s, Dr. Bennett T. Simms, a professor of veterinary medicine at the Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University) in Corvallis, began collecting research data on salmon poisoning. His work was continued by Dr. J. N. Shaw, also of OSU, in the 1940s. Dr. Knapp collected the research notes of Simms and Shaw during the course of his own work on the topic.

The Salmon poisoning research collection consists of research materials dealing with Salmon poisoning, manuscripts and journal articles, and personal correspondence. Most papers pertain directly to the evolution of study of the trematode Nanophyetus Salmoncola by Knapp and both his contemporaries and predecessors. They consist of handwritten notes taken while observing test subjects, results of testing, correspondence, and typewritten manuscript journal articles. Authors of the manuscript articles include: D. F. Sinitsin, Bennett T. Simms, D. R. Donham, J. N. Shaw, A. M. McCapes, Raymond E. Milleman, O. H. Muth, Elwin E. Bennington, Karl B. Hanson, Emile F. Pernot, Nathan Fasten, and Fred W. Miller. The material has been maintained in the original order as provided by Dr. Knapp and most folder titles have been retained, with additional clarification added in parentheses. Whenever possible, citations to publications in which the research appeared have been listed with the manuscript articles. All substantial publication offprints have been removed for item level cataloging.


Box 1
1. Early notes of Simms, Shaw, Donham, and Sinitsin
2. Simms, "Salmon Poisoning"
3. Research notes
4. Correspondence-Salmon Poisoning (mostly B.T. Simss and C.R. Donham, 1924-1943)
"Salmoning of Dogs", Pernot
"Common Animal Parasites of Fishes", Fasten (1923)
"Anhelminic Efficiency of Carbon Tetrachlorid in the Treatment of Foxes",
Hanson and VanVolkenberg; Journal of Agricultural Research. April 26, 1924
"So Called Salmon Poisoning of Dogs", Donham. Science. February, 1925
"Are Salmon Poison and Distemper the Same Disease?", Outdoor Life. May, 1925
5. Correspondence and research notes (mostly J. W. Shaw)
6. Correspondence and manuscripts-Salmon Poisoning
"So Called Salmon Poisoning of Dogs", Donham, Simms, Miller
"Salmon Poisoning", Simms, Donham, Shaw
"Salmon Poisoning: Transmission and Immunization Experiment", Simms, McCapes, Muth
"Coyote Susceptible to Salmon Poisoning", Donham and Simms
"The Use of Terramycin and Magnamycin in the Treatment of Experimental
Salmon Poisoning In Dogs", Ott and Gorham
7. Salmon Poisoning proposal (research grant application of Raymond E. Millemann
8. Blood counts (from dogs exposed by feeding or injection, no date)
9. Blood sedimentations
10. Blood studies-Fibrinogen Content and microscopic examinations
11. Cercariae number in snail and Cercariae destruction with electricity
12. Eggs hatching
13. Examinations other species than SALMONIDAE
14. Hyperimmune blood lots (experiments 1931-1933)
15. Hyperimmune serum sent veterinarians (1934-1936)
16. Immunization-Inheritance (1932-1933)
17. Immunization studies (1931-1933)
18. Medicinal treatments (1933)
19. Metacercariae storage/longevity (1929-1931)
20. Mixed serum lots; series M (1935)
21. Snails-Distribution, longevity (1930-1931)
22. Tissue vaccines
23. Treated blood
24. Knapp-Milleman research (1970s)
"Hosts and Distribution of Capillaria Bovis (Schnyder, 1906) in Domestic and Wild
Ruminants in Northwestern United States", Worley, Barrett, Knapp
"Rickettsial Diseases", Farrell
25. Knapp and Millemann notes (1965-1966)
26. Manuscript/article materials (Russian publications)

Updated: 5/29/05