Collection 536 - Castle Mountain Cattle and Sheep Company Records, 1877-1971

Creator: Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company

Provenance Note: Corporate records created and collected by the Castle Mountain Livestock Company were donated to Special Collections by Walter A. Donahoe, Newell Gough and Charles Cole in 1967, 1969 & 1972.

Historical Note: The Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company, located near White Sulphur Springs, Montana, has been operated as a corporate ranch since the late nineteenth century. Originally the Anderson Brothers Livestock Company, Michael Donahoe of Butte acquired the ranch in 1903 and changed the name to the Castle Mountain Livestock Company in 1906. The Donahoe family lived on the ranch until 1910 at which point they relocated to Seattle, Washington and left the ranch under the managership of Henry Melloy. In 1926 Jap Stewart took over ranch operations. He acquired sheep and additional Herefords, and consequently, changed the name of the ranch to Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company. Jap Stewart resigned in 1941 and Michael Donahoe's children, Charles W. and Kathleen turned to their brother, Walter Donahoe to manage the ranch. The company actively acquired additional land holdings from 1910 through the mid-1960s. The ranch was sold in 1967 to Charles and Connie Nicholas of Dillon, Montana. At the time of this sale, the land holdings of the ranch comprised approximately 44 thousand acres. The ranch was once again sold in 1970 to Louis L. Ward of Kansas City, Missouri. The Donahoe family also owned the Butte Brewing Company.

Content Description Note: The Castle Mountain Records consist of general correspondence, printed materials, legal documents, land and livestock papers, and organizational and financial records. Series have been assigned according to activity and function. General correspondence were kept primarily by ranch managers and refer to ranch operations and business. Printed Materials contains published documents collected by the Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company. A number of these articles refer to the history and/or accomplishments of the Donahoe family and their ranch. The Livestock and Land series contains official certificates and registers for cattle and sheep as well as legal documents such as land deeds and mining claims. The ranch's Organizational Records contain articles of incorporation and company by-laws, stock share certificates and minute books for both the Castle Mountain Ranch and the Butte Brewing Company. Employee Records refer to insurance records for employee liability and Social Security filings. Employee names and payroll ledgers have been placed in the following series of Financial Records. Financial Records contains ledgers, account books, tax returns and banking records. The managers of the Castle Mountain Ranch collected documents significant to financial records, such as correspondence, receipts and relevant newspaper clippings, and placed them in yearly files labeled "Accounts." Many of these files remain in their original order. Any oversize documents, maps, machinery specs, etc. have been placed in oversize storage.

Contents

Series 1 General Correspondence, 1928-1950
Series 2 Printed Materials, 1942-1967
Series 3 Livestock and Land Records, 1887-1967
Series 4 Organizational Records, 1899-1967
Series 5 Employment Records, ca. 1940-1966
Series 6 Financial Records, 1900-1972

Series 1: General Correspondence, 1928-1950

General Correspondence contains the incoming and outgoing letters of Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company managers, Jap Stewart and Walter Donahoe and foreman, J.H. O'Rourke. Letters have been grouped according to employee and then arranged chronologically. Correspondence refer primarily to financial matters and prospective land purchases.

Box 1
1. Donahoe, Walter A., 1928
2. Donahoe, 1941
3. Donahoe, 1942
4. Donahoe, 1943
5. Donahoe, 1944
6. Donahoe, 1945
7. Donahoe, 1946-1948
8. Donahoe, 1949-1950
9. O'Rourke, J.H., 1919
10. Stewart, Jap, 1941

Contents | Special Collections

Series 2: Printed Materials, 1942-1967

Printed Materials contains published documents collected by the Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company. Materials have been arranged alphabetically by title. File 14 of "Miscellaneous Newspaper Articles" contains information on local ranching conditions and interests. Other newspaper articles are scattered throughout the "Accounts" files in the Financial Records series; keeping with Castle Mountain's filing system, these articles remain in "Accounts" since they give pertinent information on the financial pursuits of the ranch. An asterisk indicates oversize materials which have been removed and placed in oversize storage.

Box 1 (cont.)
11. "Crystallized Facts about Sugar Beets," 1950
12. "Donahoe Family Have Been Long-Time Residents of Meagher County," (The Meagher County News), September 21, 1967
13. "Law Makers of Montana," 1953 & 1955
14. Miscellaneous Newspaper Articles, 1940s-1960s*
15. "Montana House of Representatives--Roster," 1947
16. "Rules of the Senate," 1947, 1953, 1955

Contents | Special Collections

Series 3: Livestock and Land, 1887-1967

The Livestock and Land series has been organized according to subject and arranged alphabetically with the exception of livestock records which have been placed at the end of the series. Some overlap in materials has been unavoidable. Nearly all files contain legal paperwork and documentation. Livestock records and certificates are located in boxes 4 & 5. These documents have been separated according to document type and then arranged chronologically. An asterisk indicates oversize materials which have been placed in oversize storage.

Box 2
1. Brands, 1899-1961
2. County Business*
3. Forest Permits*
4. Forest Permits
5. Forest Permits
6. Highway Contracts, Correspondence & Maps*
7. Irrigation, 1941-1958*
8. Land
9. Land*
10. Land Deeds*
11. Land Leased
12. Land Leased (cont.)
Box 3
1. Land Ownership Records, 1887-1941*
2. Land Ownership Records, 1887-1941 (cont.)
3. Land Purchased, 1918-1960*
4. Leases and Rents: Contracts & Correspondence
5. Leases and Rents: Contracts & Correspondence (cont.)
6. Leases and Rents: Receipts
7. Mining Claim (Jap Stewart), 1937, 1939, 1941
8. Shearing, 1952
9. Water, 1878-1949 (copies)
10. Water, 1950-1967
11. Wool Weights
12. Sire Book--Private Herd Register: Cattle & Sheep, 1898-1902
13. Register: Cattle, Sheep, Fences etc., 1930s-1940s
Box 4
1. American Hereford Record, Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1917, 1919-1922
2. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1923-1924
3. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1925-1926
4. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1927
5. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1929, 1930
6. Livestock Certificates: Cows, 1931
7. Livestock Certificates: Bulls, 1931
8. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1932
9. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1933
10. Livestock Certificates: Cows, 1934
11. Livestock Certificates: Bulls, 1934
12. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1935
13. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1937-1938
14. Livestock Certificates: Cows, 1938
15. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1939-1942
16. Livestock Certificates: Cows & Bulls, 1944-1946, 1948
17. Miscellaneous Registered Bull Certificates & Correspondence, 1945-1951
18. Livestock Contracts, 1940 & 1941
19. Livestock Inventory, 1935
20. Sheep Inventory, 1942
21. Livestock Vaccinations & Inventories, 1950s
22. Livestock Vaccinations & Inventories, 1960s
Box 5
Application for Livestock Certification Receipt Booklets, 1929-1930
April - June 1930
June - August 1930
February - May 1931
April - June 1931
August 1931 - May 1932
April - July 1932, April - March 1933
April - June 1933
April - July 1933
April - September 1934
May 1933, January 1934 - May 1934
April - May 1934 & March - June 1935
May - September 1935 & April - May 1937
April - May 1937 & May - June 1941
Livestock Sales/Receipts of Certificate Transfer Booklets:
1929-1932, Miscellaneous Buyers
1930, Hill, Ebert Sheep Company
1930, Ebert Sheep Company, J.B. Kendrick, and Miscellaneous Buyers
1931-1934, T.H. Tice, U.S. Government, and Miscellaneous Buyers
1932, Ebert Sheep Company
1933-1937, U.S. Indian Service, T.H. Tice, and Miscellaneous Buyers
1937, N.P. de Mauriac

Contents | Special Collections

Series 4: Organizational Records

Organizational Records have been separated according to document type and, with the exception of oversize materials in Box 6, have been arranged alphabetically. The series includes articles of incorporation, bylaws, meeting minutes and stock certificates for both the Castle Mountain and the Butte Brewing Company. The minutes are extensive. The writings found in Walter Donahoe's Daily Record Books are minimal.

Box 6 Oversize Materials
Minute Book: Castle Mountain Livestock Company, 1899-1919, 1940-1942
Minute Book: Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company, 1926-1941
Minute Book: Butte Brewing Company, 1900-1957
Payroll Sheets (From Box 15, file 6)
Box 7
1. Articles of Incorporation & Meeting Minutes (scant), 1911-1942
2. By-laws & 1926 Stockholder's Meeting
3. Certificates for Stock Shares: Castle Mountain Live Stock Company & Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company
4. Certificates for Stock Shares: Butte Brewing Company
5. Company Letterhead and Blank Resolution Sheets
Castle Mountain Cattle & Sheep Company Official Seal
Walter A. Donahoe's Daily Record Books, 1939-1946
Robert P. Greer's Daily Record Book, 1941
Box 8
Walter A. Donahoe's Daily Record Books, 1947-1959
Pages from Walter A. Donahoe's 1961-1962 Record Books
Walter A. Donahoe's Misc. Notebooks, ca. 1940s

Contents | Special Collections

Series 5: Employment Records

Employment Records contains the professional records regarding Castle Mountain employees from the 1940s to the mid-1960s. Auto and Building Insurance records give little information on specific employees, however, they do indicate conditions of ranch life. A detailed accounting of Employee Payroll records has been placed in the Financial Records series.

Box 9
1. Auto Insurance, 1963-1966
2. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1940s
3. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1940s (cont.)
4. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1940s (cont.)
5. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1950s
6. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1950s (cont.)
7. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1950s (cont.)
8. Employee's Liability Insurance, 1960s
9. Insurance for Ranch Buildings
Box 10
1. Social Security, 1950-1952
2. Social Security, 1954-1958
3. Social Security, 1959-1962
4. Social Security, 1963-1966

Contents | Special Collections

Series 6: Financial Records

Financial Records contains documents referring to the financial transactions of Castle Mountain. The series contains ledgers, account books, tax returns, banking and employee payroll records. With the exception of the "Accounts" files, documents have been separated according to subject and function, and then placed in alphabetical order. The "Accounts" files were designed and designated by the Castle Mountain Ranch records manager. These files contain a range of financial documents including: financial correspondence, receipts, relevant newspaper clippings, etc. They have been arranged chronologically. An asterisk indicates oversize materials which have been placed in oversize storage.

Box 11
1. Accounts, 1909-1916
2. Accounts, 1926-1928
3. Accounts, 1929-1931
4. Accounts, 1932-1933
5. Accounts, 1934-1936
6. Accounts, 1937-1939
7. Accounts, 1940-1941
8. Accounts, 1942
9. Accounts, 1943
10. Accounts, 1944
11. Accounts, 1945
12. Accounts, 1946
Box 12
1. Accounts, 1947
2. Accounts, 1948
3. Accounts, 1949
4. Accounts, 1950
5. Accounts, 1951
6. Accounts, 1952
7. Accounts, 1953
8. Accounts, 1954
9. Accounts, 1955-1956
Box 13
1. Accounts, 1957-1958
2. Accounts, 1959-1960
3. Accounts, 1961
4. Accounts, 1962
5. Accounts, 1963
6. Accounts, 1964
7. Accounts, 1965
Box 14
1. Accounts, 1966
2. Accounts, 1967
3. Accounts, 1968-1971
4. Appraisal of Estate, 1965 & Property Assessments*
5. Automobiles: Tax Assessment, Repairs, 1957-1965
6. Depreciation Schedule of Assets, 1920s-1960s*
7. Employee Meals: Costs and Charges*
8. Gasoline Tax Refund
9. Hay--Freight, 1919-1920
10. Hay & Supplement Feed*
11. Hay & Supplement Feed (cont.)
12. Improvements, 1949-1960
Box 15
1. Machinery Receipts, 1958-1962
2. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Bean, 1951-1953
3. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Bean, 1954-1955
4. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Bean, 1956-1960
5. Miscellaneous
6. Payroll, 1908-1914 & 1933-1946*
7. Purchases, 1900-1905
8. Receipts "A", 1920-1925
9. Receipts "B", 1920-1926
10. Receipts "C", 1920-1926 & Donahoe, Charles
11. Receipts "E-F", 1920-1926
12. Receipts "G", 1920-1926
13. Receipts "H-J", 1905-1926
14. Receipts "K-L", 1902-1926
15. Receipts "M", 1920-1926
16. Receipts "N-O", 1920-1926
17. Receipts "P-Q", 1920-1925
18. Receipts "R", undated
19. Receipts "S", 1920-1925
20. Receipts "T-V", 1920-1925
21. Receipts "W", 1920-1926
Box 16
1. Sales--Cattle, 1938-1944
2. Sales--Cattle, 1945-1951
3. Sales--Cattle, 1953-1958
4. Sales--Cattle, 1959-1966
5. Sales--Miscellaneous, 1940s-1950s
6. Sales--Sheep, 1941-1957
7. Sales--Sheep, 1958-1966
8. Sales--Wool, 1942-1946
9. Sales--Wool, 1947-1949
10. Sales--Wool, 1950-1957*
11. Sales--Wool, 1958-1966
Box 17
1. Stock/Investments--Walter Donahoe, 1941-1943
2. Stone House Rent, etc.
3. Tax Receipts--Montana, 1912, 1925-1942
4. Tax Receipts--Montana, 1943-1966
5. Timber Sales, 1957-1961
6. Timber Sales, 1961-1965
7. World War II Prices & Stamps*
Box 18
General Ledger, 1936-1945
General Ledger, 1936-1945
General Ledger, 1938-1939
General Ledger, 1940
General Ledger, 1941
Estate Register, 1938-1939
Miscellaneous Ledger Sheets, 1931-1945
"Remarks" Sheets for Checking Account Records, 1933, 1935, 1939
General Journal Sheets, 1960
Box 19
Check Stubs, 1935-1948, 1952, 1956-1958, 1964-1966
Box 20
1. Bank Statements, 1925
2. Bank Statements, 1926
3. Bank Statements, 1927
4. Bank Statements, 1928
5. Bank Statements, 1929
6. Bank Statements, 1930
7. Bank Statements, 1931
8. Bank Statements, 1932
9. Bank Statements, 1933
10. Bank Statements, 1934
11. Bank Statements, 1935
12. Bank Statements, 1936
Box 21
1. Bank Statements, 1937
2. Bank Statements, 1938
3. Bank Statements, 1939
4. Bank Statements, 1943-1947 (incomplete)
5. Bank Statements, 1951, 1953-1954 (incomplete)
Box 22 Oversize Materials
1. From Box 1, file 14: Newspaper Articles, 1940s-1960s
2. From Box 2, file 2: County Business
3. From Box 2, file 3: Forest Permits
4. From Box 2, file 6: Highway Contracts
5. From Box 2, file 9: Castle Mountain Livestock Company Map
6. From Box 2, file 10: Land Deeds
7. From Box 3, file 1: Land Ownership Records
8. From Box 3, file 3: Land Purchased
9. From Box 14, file 4: Assessments of Property
10. From Box 14, file 6: Depreciation of Assets
11. From Box 14, file 7: Employee Meals
12. From Box 14, file 10: Specs for Sliding Hay Stacker, 1910
13. From Box 15, file 6: Payroll Sheets
14. From Box 16, file 10: Wool Futures Prices
15. From Box 17, file 3: Tax Returns
16. From Box 17, file 4: Tax Returns
17. From Box 17, file 7: World War II Prices & Stamps

Contents | Special Collections

Updated: 5/4/09